Mount Ayr, Ringgold County, Iowa
date clipped off, 1943
LISTED AMONG THE "MISSING"
Link Listed as "Missing in Action"
After Sinking of Helena.
Mr. and Mrs. W. C. LINK, of the Shannon City vicinity, received an official message Saturday from the navy department
informing them that their son, Arlo M., is reported missing since the sinking on July 6 of the U. S. S. Helena [(CL-50)], to which ship
he was assigned last March.
LINK, 24 years of age, was a member of the Chicago's crew at the time of its sinking on
He enlisted in the navy on May 22, 1940, and received his boot training at the United States Naval Training
Station at Great Lakes, Ill. He was a member of the crew which made a "good will tour" to Australia in 1941.
letter from Arlo received by his parents was dated June 28 and postmarked July 1.
Arlo has two other brothers in the service
of their country. Franklin, a member of the U. S. Coast Guard, is at present attending a motor mechanics' school at New
London, Conn., having been recently transferred there from Port Arthur, Texas. Robert E., yeoman, is at present stationed in Australia.
Submission by Theola Weeda, June of 2013
Transcription by Sharon R. Becker, June of 2013
Albany, New York
Sunday, October 24, 1943
SAGA of CRUISER HELENA ~ A GREAT FIGHTING SHIP
Navy Releases the Story of Her Brief Hell-Roaring Life
By HAMILTON W. FARON
WASHINGTON, Oct. 23 (AP) - She was "one of the fightingest men O'war that ever scoured the seas."
With that accolade the Navy today told the story of the "brief, hell-roaring life" of the cruiser Helena, sunk in the Battle of Kula Gulf.
She proved her might in 13 fire-filled engagements in which she blasted, helped destroy or damaged 15 Japanese warships.
The Japanese had given her an accolade too. In a propaganda broadcast, the Japanese reported the U.S. Navy had ďa new secret weapon---a six-inch machine gun." But it wasn't a machine gun---it was the rapid fire of the Helena's gun crews.
She was in Pearl Harbor when the Japanese struck on December 7, 1941. Her anti-aircraft batteries accounted for at least six enemy planes. The Helena was hit, but repairs were made promptly.
She escorted the aircraft carrier Hornet. She was with the Wasp when that carrier was torpedoed September 15, 1942.
The Helena's first big engagement came shortly thereafter, in the fight battle of Cape Esperance where four Japanese destroyers, four cruisers and a transport were sent down. Just 98 seconds after the battle was joined, the Helena's guns had fired and sunk a Japanese destroyer. Then her big guns swung on a cruiser. Four and a half minutes later the cruiser went down.
A Japanese cruiser and another U.S. cruiser were swapping punches. The Helena moved in, turned her batteries on the enemy and the Japanese cruiser quickly went down.
Then an enemy destroyer sneaked in to fire a torpedo, but the Helena dodged. The destroyer tried to flee -- too late. It already had been fired upon by another American ship. The Helena's guns finished the job.
BIGGEST DAY TO COME
The Helena's biggest day came later.
Japanese shore batteries had opened fire on American transports unloading troops at Guadalcanal, and the Helena was ordered to silence them. She did. Then the Japanese sent in bomber and fighter planes. Nine enemy bombers were shot down by American fire, four of them officially credited to the Helena's anti-aircraft batteries.
That night came the Battle of Guadalcanal, a desperate effort by the Japanese to regain control of the Solomons. They failed, turned back crushed and beaten.
The Helena was the first to sight the enemy off Savo island. She held her fire until she had steamed into the enemy fleet. Then a Japanese searchlight found the Helena.
Her main battery, first to fire in the battle, struck with a full salvo on the enemy cruiser from which the searchlight beamed. The enemy burst into flames, lighting the battle area, while American destroyers rushed in to loose their torpedoes. Fire was maintained on the Japanese cruiser. She went down.
. . . Came the battle of Kula Gulf on July 5-6 when the Japanese lost nine to 11 cruisers and destroyers. The United States lost one -- The Helena.
When the action began, the Helena's main battery immediately sank an enemy ship. The secondary downed two destroyers in one-two order.
Both batteries then shifted to new targets and had badly damaged two more ships when enemy destroyers closed in. Their torpedoes [reportedly 3 torpedoes] crashed into the Helena, and she went down 20 minutes later.
Her men swam through the oil covered water, floating on rafts. By the following morning all but 166 of her survivors had been picked up.
Those still in the water made their way to Vella Lavella. There, aided by friendly natives, they lived in a camp hidden under giant banyan trees.
Japanese troops were on the island, and once a patrol approached close to the Helena's survivors. But natives disposed of the patrol.
Finally communication was established with U. S. naval forces on Tulagi island.
Ten ships made the rescue, steaming through uncharted waters constantly menaced by Japanese shore batteries and enemy warships cruising nearby.
Now, says the Navy, "snatched from the sea and the steaming Jap-infested south Pacific jungle, nearly 1,000 men of the Helena today stand fit and ready to fight again."
NOTE: USS Helena was the first World War II American ship to receive the Navy Unit Commendation.
The Battle of Kula Gulf, during which she sank, occured off the coast of Kolombangara, Solomon Islands. Nearly 170 of the
Helena's crew were lost. To date her wreck has not been located.
Transcription and note by Sharon R. Becker, June of 2013
SEAMAN 2C ARLO MILLARD LINK
Seaman 2C Arlo Millard LINK, the son of Mr. and Mrs. Will Corwin LINK of Diagonal, Iowa, reported for duty
aboard USS Helena on March 2nd, 1943. He
was K.I.A. Friday, July 6, 1943, and is
memorialized on the tablets of the missing at
Manila American Cemetery, Fort Bonifacio, Manila, Philippines.
Seaman LINK was awarded the Purple Heart.
Submitted by Sharon R. Becker, October of 2011; updated June of 2013