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from Biography & Historical Record of Ringgold County, Iowa

Lewis Publishing Company of Chicago, 1887, Pp. 396-97


Eli LANDRETH, an enterprising and successful agriculturist, of Liberty Township, is a native of Indiana, born in Owen County, March 5, 1837. His parents, Zachariah and Elmo (sic) (FENDER) LANDRETH, were natives of Kentucky and North Carolina respectively, and were among the early settlers of Indiana. They lived in Owen County till 1852, when they removed with their family to Mercer County, Illinois, where both died. They were the parents of ten children -- six sons and four daughters, of whom seven still survive. Two of their sons died in the late [Civil] war.

Eli LANDRETH, the subject of this sketch, was reared on a farm and educated in the common schools, principally in Mercer County, Illinois, to which county he removed with his parents when fourteen years old.

He was married in 1859 to Miss Mary E[lizabeth]. PHILLIPS, a native of Michigan, but at the time of her marriage living in Mercer County, Illinois. To this union were born ten children - Fannie, Jennie, Clisby, Dora, Henry, Frank, Finn, Thomas and two who died in infancy.

After his marriage Mr. LANDRETH settled on a farm in Mercer County, where he resided till the fall of 1874. He then came to Ringgold County, Iowa, and settled on his farm on sections 2 and 11, Liberty Township, where he has since followed farming and stock-raising, his cattle being of a high grade. He devotes some attention to raising fine horses, and in February, 1886, he sold a number of good animals. His farm, which is well-improved and under good cultivation, contains 360 acres, and his residence and farm buildings are noticeably good.

Politically Mr. LANDRETH formerly affiliated with the Republican party, but is now a Greenbacker. He has served his township as trustee for nine years. Both Mr. and Mrs. LANDRETH have been members of the Baptist church for many years.

NOTE: Elender "Nellie" (FENDER) LANDRETH, was born in Ashe County, North Carolina, on December 21, 1816, the daughter of Andrew FENDER (1782-1883) and his first wife Sarah (BASS) FENDER (1790/94-1821). Andrew Fender, born in Surry County, North Carolina, moved to Owen County, Indiana around the year 1835, and then with his family moved to Clay County, Illinois in 1843. He lived for a time in Mercer County, Illinois, then returned to Clay County. Andrew married second to Elizabeth BASS in 1821, married third to Margaret DYER in 1839, and fourth to Mahala BINGHAM in 1871. Andrew, the father of seventeen children, died at the age of 101 on March 11, 1883, Mercer County, Illinois. Some family members believe that Andrew was in his late 90's when he died, however.

Elender "Nellie" (FENDER) LANDRETH died March 17, 1875. Zachariah LANDRETH was born May 24, 1812, Richmond, Virginia, the son of Solomon LANDRETH (1782-1852) and Mary (LONG) LANDRETH (1784-1886). Zarchariah died in Mercer County, Illinois, on February 10, 1872. Zachariah and Elender were interred at Oakridge Cemetery, Mercer County, Illinois. Zachariah and Elender "Nellie" (FENDER) LANDRETH were the parents of ten children, Eli being their second-born child.

Eli LANDRETH died December 22, 1912, Whitter, Los Angeles County, California. Mary Elizabeth (PHILLIPS) LANDRETH was born in Michigan on July 30, 1840, the daughter of Hiram PHILLIPS and Fluvanna Ellen (?) PHILLIPS. Mary Elizabeth died in Whitter, California, on December 19, 1912, three days before Eli's death. Eli and Mary Elizabeth were the parents of ten children:

1) Fluvanna Ellen "Fannie" LANDRETH, born 15 Apr 1860
    married 23 Dec 1880 John S. BLACKMORE, born 06 Mar 1858; died 06 Oct 1888
    Child: John H. BLACKMORE, born 19 Apr 1883; died 1934
    Child: Orin Eli BLACKMORE, born 19 Nov 1884; died 28 Jun 1953
    Child: Gertrude A. (BLACKMORE) KNIGHT, born 24 Oct 1887

2) Mary Jane "Jennie" LANDRETH, born 1861; died 11 Jul 1924
    married Ernest OLIVER, born circa 1860
    Child: Ernest F. OLIVER, born 09 Feb 1881; died 23 Jun 1947
    Child: Murzetta (OLIVER) ROGERS, born 16 Aug 1882
    Child: Isaac E. OLIVER, born 22 May 1884; died 14 Aug 1931
    Child: Benjamin F. OLIVER, born 22 Jul 1886
    Child: Guy C. OLIVER, born 08 Jul 1888
    Child: Glen F. OLIVER, born 04 Nov 1890

3) Clisby Andrew LANDRETH, born 13 Oct 1863; died 28 Feb 1950
    married 23 Oct 1884 Helena Beatrice MORTON, born 01 May 1864; died 06 Apr 1951
    Child: Nellie E. LANDRETH, born 24 Sep 1885; died 1887
    Child: Orpha E. (LANDRETH) RENKEN, born 01 Mar 1888
    Child: Clara M. (LANDRETH) LOOMIS, born 29 Nov 1890

4) Dora Caroline LANDRETH, born 16 Nov 1865; died 12 May 1941
    married 14 Feb 1884 Thomas Andrew DRAKE, born 21 Aug 1858; died 04 Mar 1945
    Child: Willis Henry DRAKE, born 15 Feb 1885; died 10 Oct 1964
    Child: Anna DRAKE, born 23 Mar 1886; married Murland Arthur DUFTY, born 17 Apr 1887
    Child: Russell Eli DRAKE, born 28 Nov 1887
    child: Mary Bernice (DRAKE) GRAY, born 04 May 1892
    Child: Nellie Naomi (DRAKE) MILLER, born 20 Feb 1899; died 03 Jul 1956

5) Henry LANDRETH, born 1867; died 1917
    married Anna ARCHIBOLD, born 19 Mar 1868; died 22 Mar 1950
    Child: Bessie (LANDRETH) WOOD, born 11 Mar 1888
    Child: Jenny Lynn (LANDRETH) WOOD, born 28 Apr 1890
    Child: Gracie (LANDRETH) MILLER, born 22 Oct 1892; died 20 May 1946
    Child: Leta (LANDRETH) DeWITT MILLER, born 10 Jun 1893

6) Frank Peter LANDRETH, born Sep 1870; died 1933
    married 1894 Nellie Elizabeth BLACKMORE, born 18 Oct 1879; died Aug 1948
    Children: Nellie Elizabeth and Eli Robert LANDRETH

7) Ira LANDRETH, twin, born 1872; died 1872

8) Ora LANDRETH, twin, born 1872; died 1872

9) Phineas "Finn" LANDRETH, born 13 Feb 1880; died 22 Feb 1951
    married 23 Dec 1903, Thayer IA Lizzie FOUSER, born 25 Nov 1884
    Children: Frank, Charles and Milo Vaughn LANDRETH

10) Thomas LANDRETH, born 20 Jan 1882
    married 24 Dec 1909 Clara Belle HEATON, born 04 Nov 1884; died 12 Mar 1948
    Children: Marvin Dean and Francis Banks LANDRETH

11) Infant LANDRETH

12) Infant LANDRETH

Biography & Historical Record of Ringgold County, Pp. 396-97, 1887.

WPA Graves Survey

Transcription and note by Sharon R. Becker, March of 2009

Biographical Sketches Pages Index: A - F,   G - L,   M - R,  S - Z

To submit your Ringgold County biographies, contact Sharon R. Becker at
Please include the word "Ringgold" in the subject line. Thank you.

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