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Biographical Sketches
York Township
1883

ATKINS, S. J.

Farmer, P. O. Neola, was born in Morgan County, Tenn., May 19, 1838. He is the son of Charles and Sarah (Brewer) Atkins. His father was a farmer, born in Tennessee in 1807, and died in 1846. His (subject's) mother was born near Athens, Clark Co., Ga., in 1811. Our subject received a very limited education in the old subscription schools. He lived at home till he was twenty-two years of age, when he began farming for himself. He was but two years old when his father moved to  Putnam County, Mo. He moved with his parents to Texas at the age of fourteen. In 1857, he returned to Missouri by himself. In 1860, he went to Arkansas, where he farmed until the opening of the war. He joined the First Arkansas Cavalry, Company F, and served until the close of the war. He was at the battles of Prairie Grove, Ark., Newtonia, Mo., and Fayetteville, Ark. He spent thirty-seven days with a scouting party, which went east from Fayetteville, which was almost daily engaged in spirited skirmishes. At the close of the war, he returned to Putnam County, Mo., and afterward to Saline County, Mo. He came to this county in 1870. His specialty is raising grain. His tirst marriage took place in Crawford County, Ark., where he was married to Nancy Childers, born in Indiana. She was the daughter of Joel and Dolly (Sizemore) Childers. His second marriage occurred in 1867, in Missouri. He married Nancy Young, born in Missouri in 1836. She is the daughter of Michael and Elizabeth (Stump) Young, both natives of Kentucky. Mr. Atkins has seven children - Stephen, George F., John H., James H., Josephine, Annie and Nancy E. Mr. Atkins' last wife has two sons - Henry S. and Marion D.


BUTLER, William H.

Farmer, P. O. Neola, was born in Montgomery County, N. Y., March 15, 1833. He is the son of J. M. and Ruth (Gates) Butler, both of whom were born in Montgomery County, N. Y., he, December 17, 1808, and she in the year 1812. She is the daughter of William Gates, a son of Gen. Gates, of Revolutionary fame. Our subject received his education in the common schools, and afterward taught school. He lived at home until he was twenty-one years of age. During the holidays, in 1854, his parents left New York and came to Adams County, Ill. They kept a hotel in Quincy for three years, on the corner of Sixth and Hampshire streets. In 1857, his father came to this State, and the next year the family followed. They were in the hotel business in Council Bluffs for three years - two years in the old Waverly House, on Main street, and one year in the Robinson House, on Broadway. They then moved on their farm in Union Grove, and afterward to Walker's Grove, where the father died, October 5, 1866. He was buried at Union Grove. Our subject was married, April 30, 1861, to Elizabeth Seater, born in the county of Orkney, Scotland, January 20, 1832. She is the daughter of William and Ellen (Reid) Seater. She came to America in 1852. After his marriage, our subject followed farming, at first working part of his father's place. In 1862, he bought forty acres of land on Mosquito Creek, in Shelby County. During the summer of this year, he freighted for Charles Bond. He then lived on his farm during the year 1863. He sold out and bought land at Walker's Grove. From here he moved to Honey Creek. While here he bought sixty acres of his present place, to which he moved in the spring of 1867. He now owns 460 acres, besides some fine property in Neola. He raises large quantities of grain and also stock. The only child of the family is Charles Reid, son of Mrs. Butler by a former marriage. Mr. Butler has been Town Clerk, and is at present Treasurer of the School Board.


DELANTY, Mary

Farmer, P. O. Neola, was born at Fox Lake, Dodge County, Wis., February 29, 1848. She is the daughter of John and Ellen (Mahanoy) Bowe. Her father was born in County Kilkenny, Ireland, about 1797. He was a farmer, and was also engaged in railroading. He came to Wisconsin when there was but one house in Milwaukee. Was in the United States Army five years, and served in the Florida war against the Seminole Indians. He has crossed the ocean four times, and is still living in Wisconsin. Our subject's mother was born in County Cork, Ireland, about 1827; she is also living. Our subject was married at the age of fourteen, in Wisconsin, April 14, 1863, to John Delanty, born in County Kilkenny, Ireland, about 1835, and died September 29, 1881. After her marriage, our subject, with her husband, lived a short time in Minnesota. They came to this county about 1874. Mrs. Delanty has lived on her present farm about three years; she has had twelve children, of whom nine are living - William, born December 4, 1864; Mary Clarissa, born September 9, 1867; John, born March 17, 1869; Michael, born May 1, 1871; James, born April 25, 1873; Edward, born May 25, 1875; Thomas, born September 22, 1878; Mark, born September 29, 1879, and Catharine Agnes, born July 9, 1880. Mrs. Delanty is a member of the Catholic Church.


FLYNN, James

Farmer, P. O. Neola, was born in County Kerry, Munster, Ireland, May 26, 1827. He is the son of Michael and Honora (Murphy) Flynn, both natives of Ireland. His father died while he (subject) was small. His mother and her father before her were born in the same house as our subject. She died before her son came to America. Our subject had no advantages for an education. He lived at home till his father was turned out of house and home while on his sick bed, from which sickness he never recovered. He was turned out by six policemen and the landlord, Maj. Daniel Mahoney, of Dunlow, for not paying the rent, which he was unable to do on aceouut of sickness. At this time our subject was nine years and ten months old. He was obliged to go out into the world and earn a living for hunself and parents during the year that his father lived. He received 72 cents and his board for the first three months' work. He labored in this manner for one year. As he grew older, he received more pay, but the highest he ever commanded in Ireland was $24 a year. After his parents' death, he helped to send some of his sisters to the United States. He came himself to this country in 1856. Landed in New York City and stayed in Brooklyn, N. Y., from September 13, 1856, to March 5, 1857. He then came to Dyersville, Delaware County, this State. He worked two weeks at loading cord wood for 75 cents per day, paying $3 a week for board. He then hired out to Dr. Laird, for $150 per year. He worked for seven months at this rate of wages; he then worked three months for Judge Dyer at $1.25 per day, and boarded himself. After this, he engaged himself to William Dyer, for four or five months, at $20 per month. Then he was in a livery stable, in the same town, receiving $20 per month and board. He then worked as a grader on a railroad, for six months, at $1.25 per day. After this he burned lime for the use of the railroad, receiving $3 for a night and a half day, sleeping the other half day. After this he worked for several years at various occupations. He rented land and farmed in Jones County, this State, until 1868, when he came to this county, having traded eighty acres of land in Jones County for 120 acres in this. He now owns 560 acres, 300 acres of which is under cultivation. Mr. Flynn has made his farm what it is to-day from out of the raw prairie. He raises large quantities of grain and also stock. He was married, in Jones County, Iowa, August 23, 1859, to Julia Buckley, born in County Cork, Ireland, in January, 1835; she is the daughter of Patrick and Catharine (Reirdon) Buckley, both natives of County Cork, Ireland, and both died in that country, when Mrs. Flynn was nine years old. A lady took her and kept her for two years, when her uncle hired her at 1 shilling a month. She worked for him two years. She then went to London, where she worked for five years in a private family. For the first three years she received 1 shilling a week, after which she was paid 1 shilling 6 pence. Every summer for three seasons she sent 10 shillings to help support her brother. Notwithstanding this, she saved enough to visit her home and to come to America. After her arrival in this country, she worked for a private family, in McHenry County, Ill., for three years, receiving $1.50 per week, for the first year, and $2 per week thereafter. She next came to Jones County, this State, where she worked in a hotel for seven months, at $2 per week. Here she met Mr. Flynn and they were married. They have had twelve children, of whom all, except one, are living - John, born May 27, 1860; Michael, born November 11, 1861, died in October, 1862; Honora, born April 11, 1863; Mary E., born July 17, 1864; Catharine, born September 17, 1865; Julia, born February 13, 1867; Margaret, born March 2, 1868; James A., born April 28, 1869; Daniel, born July 12, 1871; Anne, born October 20, 1872; Patrick, born May 2, 1874, and Michael J., born February 18, 1876. The family all belong to the Catholic Church. In politics, Mr. Flynn is an Independent.


FOLLETT, J. E.

Farmer, P. O. Neola, was born in Noble County, Ind., August 14, 1849. He is the son of M. V. and Laura (Carothers) Follett. His father was born in Ohio in February, 1813. He was a farmer and was an early settler in this county; he is still living; his (subject's) mother was also a native of Ohio, born in 1818, and died in this county, December 16, 1881. Our subject received his education in the common schools of this county, and lived at home till he was twenty-three years of age, when he engaged in farming for himse!f. He was married, in this county, December 30, 1871, to Alice, daughter of Phillip and Sarah (Gilbert) Moomaw. Her father was a native of Virginia. Her mother was born and raised in Marion County, Ind. After his marriage, our subject farmed two years on his father's place, which was situated east of the Bluffs. In the fall of 1873, he moved onto his present farm, which now consists of 160 acres on Big Keg Creek. His specialty is raising grain. He has four children - Martin, Laura, Willie and Eugene. Mr. Follett belongs to the I. O. O. F., and is Republican in politics.


GRIFFITH, George M.

Farmer, P. O. Neola, was born in Van Buren County, Iowa, May 26, 1850. He is the son of Mahlon and Elvira (Mathew) Griffith. His father was a potter by trade, was born in Licking County, Ohio, in 1817, and is still living in Harrison County, Iowa, and is engaged in raising stock. Our subject's mother was born in Virginia, near North Pass, in the Alleghanies, in March, 1828, and is still living. His parents had eleven children, five sons and six daughters, all of whom are living. Our subject received a common school education and worked at home until he was twenty-one years of age. He began life for himself by farming, threshing and dealing in stock. He was married, in Knox Township, this county, April 26, 1875, to Mary Randal, born in Peru, Hardy Co., W. Va., September 20, 1858; she is the daughter of Jacob and Leah (Stickley) Randal, both of whom were natives of Virginia. Her father was a farmer and an artist, born in October, 1828, and died in Washington County, Iowa, in 1871. Her mother was born June 30, 1828, and is living near Avoca, in this county. Our subject's parents came from Ohio in 1850, stopped in Van Buren County a short time, and then went to Iowa County, finally coming to this county in 1853, locating about one mile east of Avoca. The family went back to Ohio in the spring of 1858, but returned the following year to this county. In 1876, the father moved to Harrison County, Iowa, where he still resides. After his marriage, our subject settled down to farming on his own place, south of Avoca. He sold out, however, and moved nearer Avoca, shortly after which he moved to Lynn Grove, and farmed the Taylor place, on Silver Creek. After this he bought and improved a farm in York Township. A year afterward, he sold it and moved back to about four miles south of Avoca. After this he bought and improved his present farm. He has had three children, but one of whom is living - Claude, born February 26, 1877, died October 4, 1880; Guy, born November 17, 1878, died September 8, 1880, and Waldo M., born March 10, 1881. Mrs. Griffith is a member of the church of the United Brethren in Christ. In politics, Mr. Griffith is a Republican.


HARRIS, Edward E.

Farmer and teacher, P. O. Neola, was born in New Philadelphia, Tuscarawas Co., Ohio, December 22, 1849. He is the son of John and Lucinda (Edmonds) Harris. His father was born in Cumberland County, Penn., April 1, 1826. His (subject's) mother was born in Tuscarawas County, Ohio, March 29, 1826. Both of the parents are still living in Lucas County, this State. Our subject received his early education in the common schools, and afterward attended the High School at New Philadelphia, but was obliged by circumstances to leave three months before his time for graduation. He lived with his parents during his youth. They came to Illinois in 1868, and lived near Pana, in Christian County, until 1870, when they came to Lucas County, this State. Our subject taught school during the winter of 1868-69. He taught two terms in Illinois and two in Iowa. He came to this county November 11, 1876, and commenced teaching November 13, of the same year, in District No. 9. He has taught one season since, the balance of the time being engaged in farming. He bought the farm on which he now resides in 1880. He was married, in Douglas County, Neb., December 25, 1876, to Hannah A. Richards, born December 19, 1854; she is the daughter of William and Fidelia (Gould) Richards. Her father is a native of England, and her mother of New York. Both are living in York Township, this county. Mr. and Mrs. Harris have four children - Francis Burt, born October 25, 1877; Eugenia May, born April 25, 1879; George Edward, born August 4, 1880, and John Ralph, born October 3, 1881. Our subject's parents had seven children, three sons and four daughters, of whom Mr. Harris was the eldest. He is a member of the I. O. O. F. In politics, a Republican.


HORN, Albert

Farmer, P. O. Neola, was born in Hamburg, Germany, May 22, 1845. He is the son of John F. and Friederika (Lohnau) Horn. His father was born in Oldenburg, Germany, September 18, 1804, and died in Council Bluffs December 5,  1880. His (subject's) mother was born in Hamburg, Germany, January 1, 1803, and died in Council Bluffs May 30, 1868. Our subject received a common school education in this country. In 1858, he came with his parents to Council Bluffs. He lived with them on a farm for three years. The family then moved to Harrison County, this State, while our subject went to teaming on the plains. He followed this occupation until 1864, in which year he went to Montana, stopping at Virginia City, where he butchered for about one year. The following two years he was engaged in the same business in Helena, Montana. He then established a ranch on the Helena & Diamond City Stage Route. In 1868, he went to Salt Lake City, and the following year returned to Council Bluffs. He was married, in Omaha, Neb., April 28, 1870, to Clara Siegismund, born at Chemnitz, Saxony, Germany, October 11, 1853. She is the daughter of August and Augusta (Schithauf) Siegismund, both of whom were natives of Saxony, Germany. Her father was born August 2, 1821, and her mother October 3, 1818. The parents came to America in 1863, lived in Indiana two years, when they came to this county, where both are at present living. Our subject was engaged in various occupations up to 1873, when he went to Texas, returning, however, in September of the following year. During the year 1875, which was known as the grasshopper year, he was engaged in farming. He was variously engaged up to 1880, since which date he has resided on Mr. Brewer Geise's farm, which he (subject) had formerly broken and improved in 1870. Mr. and Mrs. Horn have had ten children, only two of whom are living - Augusta and Conradtine. Mr. Horn's father, John Horn, established and improved "Horn's Park," of Council Bluffs. The site of this park was originally the bed of Indian Creek, and was brought to its present state of beauty by the enterprise and energy of its founder.


HOWARD, James S.

Farmer, P. O. Oakland, was born in Aurora, Erie Co., N. Y., in December, 1833. He is the son of Joseph B. and Lucy B. Howard. His father was born at Paris, Oneida Co., N. Y., and died in Aurora, N. Y.. about 1840. He was a prominent merchant in his day. He moved to Erie County, N. Y., at an early day, and engaged in merchandising, afterward becoming a heavy business man, having as many as three branch stores. He manufactured the first saleratus* in Western New York in 1818. He was a personal friend of President Fillmore, and was a leading spirit in his native county, being the prime instigator in the establishment of the Aurora Academy. His (subject's) mother was born in Rome, Oneida County, N. Y., aud died in her native State. Our subject received a common school education. His father died when he (subject) was young. He apprenticed as a salesman, and followed this profession in New York and several of the Western States. He was at one time station-master at Comstock, Wapello Co., Iowa, on the Des Moines Valley Railroad. From 1853 to 1858, he was mining in California. He came to this county and located on his land, in Lynn Grove, which he had purchased eight years previous. Here he has since lived and farmed. He has held various township offices - Trustee, School Director and Road Supervisor. He has had six children, four of whom are living - two sons and two daughters. Mr. Howard has a brother in the Chicago Post Office, and a sister, who is the wife of Hon. William Aldrich, who represents the First District of Illinois in Congress. In politics, Mr. Howard is a Republican.


JONES, David T.

Farmer, P. O. Neola, was born in South Wales August 7, 1838; he is the son of John and Jane (Treehorn) Jones; his father was a native of Wales. He was a farmer, and died in Council Bluifs in the fall of 1850. His (subject's) mother was also born in Wales in 1800. She died in Norwalk Township, this county, July 12, 1871. Our subject's advantages for an education were very meager, owing to his parents' continually traveling during his school years. He came to Council Bluffs with his parents in 1849. In 1850, the father died. In 1852, the family moved to Utah, where they lived for nine years. In 1857, one of the brothers was killed at Gravelly Ford, probably by bandits. Our subject was married, in Box Elder County, Utah, July 24, 1859, to Mary Mason, born in Wales March 15, 1836. She is the daughter of John and Anne (Davis) Mason, both of whom were in the employ of Lord Crosier; her parents came to America in 1850, and to Council Bluffs the following year. In 1861, our subject returned to Council Bluffs, and in the winter of that year moved onto his present farm. He bought 120 acres at first, but has since made additions, until now he has 400 acres of improved land, part of which is in timber. His farm is situated on a tributary of Keg Creek. Mr. and Mrs. Jones have had ten children - John, born in Utah June 17, 1860; Mary A., born in December, 1861; Jane R., born September 19, 1863; Ida L., born October 1, 1865; Albert, born July 28, 1868, died July 12, 1869; Sarah, born January 31, 1870, died November 10, 1881; Ellen, born November 16, 1871; William H, born February 16, 1874; Franklin, born December 2, 1875; Charles E., born March 16, 1878. In politics, Mr. Jones is a Democrat.


KILLION, P. A.

Farmer, P. O. Neola, was born in Scott County, Iowa, June 29, 1856; he is the son of John H. and Catharine Killion. His father was born in Ireland in 1827; he was a farmer and an early settler in Scott County, Iowa, and also came and located in this county at an early day; he is still living in this county; he landed in Rhode Island when he came from the old country, while he was a boy. He worked in the Philip Island Print Works for twelve years, when he came to Scott County, as before stated. His (subject's) mother was a native of Rhode Island, born about 1829, and died November 2, 1868. Our subject received a common school education. He lived at home until he was twenty -two years of age, when he began farming for himself in this county; he is unmarried; he has five brothers and two sisters - James, John, Henry, Charles, George, Annie and Emily. John lives in Spearfish Valley, Dakota, Charles in Cass County, this State, while the rest are in this county. Annie is the wife of Samuel Gayman, and Emily keeps house for our subject, who owns 120 acres of improved land in Section 3, York Township.



KRYSELMIRE, M. P.

Farmer, P. O. Neola, was born in Rensselaer County, N. Y., June 15, 1852; he is the son of Philip A. aud Mary Margaret (Deahm) Kryselmire; his father was born in Germany October 23, 1818; he is a farmer, and was a sharpshooter in the German Army. He came to America about 1844, and is at present living in Mills County, this State. His (subject's) mother was a native of Germany, and died November 10, 1861. Our subject received a common school education and lived at home until he was twenty-three years of age; his parents and family went to Tazewell County, Ill., in 1856. Four years afterward, they moved to Woodford County, in the same State, where they lived five years; here the mother died. The next move was to McLean County, Ill., where they lived four years and a half, and then came to Mills County, this State. Our subject has two sisters, older, and two brothers, younger, than himself. He was married, in Glenwood, Mills County, this State, July 14, 1875, to Margaret S. McLean, born in Jackson County, Ohio, March 4, 1855. She is the daughter of William and Susannah (Finfrock) McLean. Her father was born in Fayette County, Penn., December 24, 1814. Her mother was bom in Belmont County, Ohio, July 4, 1818. Both of the parents are still living in this county. Since his marriage, our subject has been engaged in farming. He farmed a year in Mills County, and afterward in several other townships in this county, before settling in York, where he now resides. He has three children living - Olive L., born January 22, 1877; Emma L., born December 15, 1878, and George L., born March 10, 1882. In politics Mr. Kryselmire is a Democrat.


MARTIN, C. D.

Farmer, P. O. Minden, was born in Franklin County, Mass., in 1834; he was the son of Orra and Polly (Mitchell) Martin; his father was born in Connecticut in 1791; he was a minister by profession, but has engaged in farming during the latter part of his life; he is still living in Wisconsin, an active man for his age. His (subject's) mother was born in Bristol, Conn., in 1799; she was a niece of the original publisher of "Mitchell's Atlas," and a cousin of the present one. She died in W'isconsin in January, 1875. Our subject received his early schooling at home, afterward attending, for two terms, at the Janesville Academy, and two terms at Lawrence University, at Appleton, Wis. He began life for himself by working his father's place, in Walworth County, Wis., to which State his father moved when our subject was but six years old. He was one of the earliest settlers in Wisconsin. In 1870, our subject came to Cedar County, Iowa, and shortly afterward to Jones County, this State, where he stayed for four years. In 1875, he came to Council Bluffs. He lived for three years on a farm in Lewis Township, adjoining the latter city. In 1878, he bought eighty acres of land in, aud moved into, York Township, this county, where he now resides. He is at present (1882) a Trustee of ihe township and Justice of the Peace; has been President of the School Board. He was married, in Wisconsin, in January, 1859, to Mary J., born in New York December 21, 1832, daughter of Solomon and Naomi Westfall, both of whom were natives of New York. Her father still lives at the age of seventy-five. Her mother died in the spring of 1876, aged seventy-eight. Our subject's parents had nine children, five of whom - four sons and one daughter - are still living. Mr. and Mrs. Martin have two children - Frank Orra, born July 9, 1861, and Ella S., born July 30, 1864. The parents are members of the Baptist Church. In politics, Mr. Martin is a Democrat.


McLEAN, Uriah

Farmer, P. O. Neola, was born in Muskingum County, Ohio, September 7, 1846. He is the son of William and Susana McLean, of York Township, this county. He had the advantages of a common-school education. He lived at home until he was twenty years of age, when, until 1868, he was engaged in teaming across the plains. During this latter year, he farmed in this county, north of Glenwood. The following year, he crossed the plains to Denver, Colo., where he hired out as a teamster on the "fast" freight line between that city and Georgetown. He returned to Mills County, this State, in the spring of 1870, and farmed that season for his father, after which he started in for himself. In 1872, he put out a crop in Mills County in the spring, and then went to Effingham County, Ill., and sowed some land to winter wheat. He was married, at Altamont. Effingham Co., Ill., January 2, 1873. He farmed in that county with poor success until 1877, when he came to this county and rented land for three years of James Tate, in Minden Township. In August, 1880, he bought his present farm of eighty acres, situated in Section 22, York Township. Our subject's wife was Eliza Ellen Fry, born in Effingham County, Ill., September 17, 1855. She is the daughter of Frederic and Susana (Stallings) Fry. Her father was born in Franklin County, Penn., and her mother was raised in Jasper County, Ill. Mr. and Mrs. McLean have five children - Ida Maranda, James Harvey, Sarah Elizabeth, Nellie Susana and Madie Ella. In politics, Mr. McLean is a Democrat.


McLEAN, William

Farmer, P. O. Oakland, was born in Fayette County, Penn., December 24, 1814. He is the son of William and Mary Anne (Burker) McLean. His father was born in Fayette County, Penn. He was a tanner by trade, but was generally engaged in farming. He died in Louisiana while on a visit to his two sons in that State. His (subject's) grandfather, Alexander McLean, was one of the early settlers in Western Pennsylvania. He was a surveyor, and assisted in running the "Mason and Dixon Line." He took the line at the western extremity of Maryland, and carried it through to the lakes. He held the offices of Register and Recorder of Fayette County, Penn., for over fifty years. He was also a Colonel in the Revolutionary war, and died in Fayette County in his eighty-eighth year. His (subject's) mother was born in Lancaster County, Penn., the daughter of George Burker, who was a native of Germany, and who came to America when he was a babe. Our subject's pai'ents had eleven children - six sons and five daughters. Their circumstances during his boyhood prevented our subject from getting any education. He made a start in the world for himself at the age of seventeen. He teamed over the mountains to Pennsylvania, and worked at whatever he could get. He went to Muskingum County, Ohio, at the age of twenty-one. Here he was engaged in farming and teaming for about six years. In 1838, he made a trip to Jackson County, Iowa. He returned to Portsmouth, Ohio, where he worked on a farm about eighteen months. He went to Wheeling, W. Ya., and came back again to Muskingum County. Here he lived until the fall of  1852. He was married, ten miles east of Zanesviile, Ohio, on March 12, 1844, to Susana Finfrock, born near St. Clairsville, Ohio, July 4, 1818. She is the daughter of John and Rebecca (Haines) Finfrock, both of whom were natives of Lancaster County, Penn. They were of French descent, and moved to Ohio at an early day. After his marriage, our subject worked by the month most of the time that he stayed in Ohio. In 1853, he moved to Jackson County, Ohio, where he lived for four and a half years. He came to Iowa in the spring of 1858. He was compelled by high water to stop in Montgomery County from July 17 till the March following, when he came to Mills County and moved onto S. D. Davis' farm. Shortly afterward, he bought land and went to farming for himself. He lived in Mills County till 1877, when he sold out and came of this county, near Lynn Grove, where he still resides, on a farm containing 160 acres. Mr. and Mrs. McLean are a pleasant old couple. They have had seven children, five of whom - three sons and two daughters - are living - Robert, Uriah, James, Samantha Jane (deceased), William (deceased), Margaret Susana and Sarah Elizabeth. James is the only child at home. He has charge of the whole farm business, and is industrious and energetic. The balance ot the children are all married. In politics, Mr. McLean is a Democrat, and, with his wife, is a member of the Christian Church.


MINAHAN, Michael

Farmer. P. O. Neola, was born in County Cork, Ireland, September 29, 1845. He was the son of Jeremiah and Mary (McCarthy) Minahan. both natives of Ireland. His father was a farmer; was born about 1820, and came to this county in 1872; he died in October, 1878. His (subject's) mother was born about 1824, and is living with her daughter in Neola Township, this county. Our subject received his education in the common schools of Ireland, and was raised in that country, living at home till 1868. In May of that year, he came to the United States, locating in Pennsylvania. He came to this county in 1871. For several years up to the spring of 1872, he had followed railroading. In that year, he bought eighty acres of his present farm and commenced farming. He now owns 200 acres of impioved land, most of which is under cultivation. He was married at Council Bluffs, January 27, 1878, to Mary Stawart, born in Cincinnati, Ohio, in March, 1858. She is the daughter of Francis and Ellen (Crampton) Stawart. Her father is a native of Ohio, and her mother of Ireland. They are both living in Neola. Mr. and Mrs. Minahan have one child, James, born February 19, 1879. Mr. Minahan has held the office of Township Clerk for four years, and has also been Treasurer of the School Board for two years. He is a Catholic in religion, and a Democrat in politics.


RUCKER, R. H.

Farmer, P. O. Oakland, was born in Highland County, Ohio, October 27, 1835. He is the son of J. and Antoinette (Cowthon) Rucker. His father was born in Rockbridge County, Va., near the renowned Natural Bridge, in March, 1808. He moved from Virginia to Ohio, from there to Minnesota in 1855, and died in the latter State in March, 1872. His (subject's) mother was born in 1809, in the same county as her husband. She is at present living in Olmsted County, Minn. Our subject received a common-school education in Ohio and Minnesota. He lived at home till he was twenty-two years of age, when he began life for himself. He hired out for five months, after which he purchased 120 acres of land for $116 in Minnesota. He was engaged in buying and selling land until the opening of the civil war. He enlisted in the Eighth Minnesota Regiment, and served three years, under Col. Thomas and Maj. Camp. He was in the engagement at Murfreesboro December 8, 1864, and at the battle of Kingston, N. C. He was mustered out of service in the fall of 1865. He returned to Minnesota and farmed one season in that State, when he came to Buchanan County, Iowa. Here he bought and broke land, afterward selling it. He then went to Jackson County, Minn., where he acquired about five hundred acres of land. The winter of 1871-72 was unusually severe. The storms raged for days at a time. The snow, assisted by the wind, came down in blinding sheets, rendering the house invisible at a distance of ten feet. Mr. Rucker had to connect his house and barn with a rope cord, in order to find his way to and fro. The following spring, the grasshoppers carried away his entire crop, whereupon he came to Council Bluffs. In the fall of 1872, he rented a farm of Pleasant Taylor for two years. In 1877, he purchased 120 acres of his present farm, and the balance the following year. He now owns 240 acres and rents fifty acres. His specialty is corn and stock. He has eight children, the result of two marriages -  John, Levi, Eugene, William, Jay, Cora, Effie and Nettie - all of whom are at home. Mr. Rucker is a member of the Masonic fraternity. In politics, he is a Republican. At one time he was School Treasttrer for two townships in Minnesota.


*A precursor to baking soda
From History of Pottawattamie County, Iowa, published by O. L. Baskin & Co.
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