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Biographical Sketches
Valley Township


Farming, P. O. Hancock, was born at Beardstown, Cass Co., Ill., in 1838, son of John Acker, born in New York State at the head of Lake Champlain; he is a retired farmer; his wife, our subject's mother, is dead. They had eight children,  one of whom is dead. Our subject was educated at Mt. Morris Seminary, Illinois, and moved with his father, in 1842, to Oregon, Ogle Co., Ill. There he remained till about 1853, when he went to Chicago and served an apprenticeship at carriage-making; he resided in Chicago about seven years, it being a small place at that time. In 1865, he came to Iowa, and built the first carriage shop erected in the town of Boone. In the fall of 1875, Mr. Acker sold out his business in Boone, came to Pottawattamie County and bought his present farm of 240 acres, situated in Valley Township. This land, then in a wild state, was worth from $5 to $8 per acre; now. in a state of cultivation, it is worth from $25 to $30 per acre. When Mr. Acker first settled here, this part of the township was but thinly settled, and he circulated petitions for roads and schoolhouses. He was married, in 1855, to Miss S. L. Vanloon, a native of Ohio, daughter of Isaiah Vanloon. Mr. and Mrs. Acker have five children - W. C, born September 15, 1858; Elwood W., February 2, 1861; Estella M., May 5, 1865; Belle L.. December 4, 1869, and May E., born May 11, 1872. Mr. Acker is a member of the A. H. T. A. In politics, he is a Republican.


Hotel, Hancock, was born in Ohio in 1834, son of Samuel and Roxie (Wheeler) Armstrong; his mother is living in Wisconsin; his parents moved to Southern Illinois when our subject was about four years old, then into Jo Daviess County, Ill., and afterward, back to Portage County, Ohio, where they lived two years, and then to Wisconsin. Our subject went to school in Illinois, Ohio and Wisconsin. He has two half-sisters and one half-brother. His father was a farmer, and Mr. Armstrong has followed the same occupation most of his life. He enlisted, August 14, 1862, in Company B, Thirty-third Wisconsin Infantry, and served three years, or until the close of the war, coming home in August, 1865. At first, he was under Grant, at Vieksburg, McPherson being the Seventeenth Corps commander, in which he was a member; he was at the taking of Spanish Fort; his regiment went on the Red River expedition, but Mr. Armstrong was regimental Postmaster at the time, and was left behind with the sick at Vicksburg. He was also under Sherman in his Meridian expedition, under Gen. Smith at Tupelo, Miss., and in other engagements. At Vieksburg, he was wounded in the hand, losing a finger. Mr. Armstrong was married, first, in 1857, to Miss Nancy Jane Loney, of Wisconsin; he has three children by this wife - one boy, Charles O., living in Pottawattamie County, and two daughters. His wife died in 1863, and he was married the second time, in April, 1866. to Miss Lydia E. Millard, of Ohio, who died in August, 1867. Mr. Armstrong was married to his present wife in 1869; she was Miss Mary J. Fitzgerald, born in Wisconsin; her parents are both dead; she is the daughter of Peter Fitzgerald, born in Kentucky; her mother was born in Ohio. Mrs. Armstrong has three brothers and four sisters. In 1871, Mr. Armstrong came to Iowa, and settled in what is now Valley Township, where he followed farming till the fall of 1880, when he sold his farm, came to Hancock and built the first dwelling-house erected in the town after it was laid out. After coming here, he dealt in coal for about a year, bat now devotes his attention to the hotel business and is having good success. Mr. ami Mrs. Armstrong are members of the Methodist Church. Mr. Armstrong is an Odd Fellow and a Republican.


Farming, P. O. Hancock, was born in Knox County, Ohio, in 1843, son of David Bair, a blacksmith by trade, now living in retirement in Johnson County, Iowa, where he was one of the early settlers. Mr. Bair had seven brothers, one of whom is dead, and one sister. In 1854. he, with his parents, left Ohio and settled in Johnson County, Iowa, thence, in March, 1877, he came to Valley Township, Pottawattamie County. In August, 1862, Mr. Bair enlisted in Company K, Twenty-second Iowa Regiment, continuing in the same till the close of the war; he was in the Vicksburg campaign, under Grant, and in the Shenandoah Valley campaign, under Sheridan; he came out without a wound. Mr. Bair was married, in 1868, to Miss Almina E. Pophan, born in Kosciusko County, Ind., daughter of Richard Pophan. Mr. and Mrs. Bair have four children - Louisa Ellen, Charles R., Clinton H and Howard P. Mr. Bair and wife are members of the M. E. Church, of Hancock. Mr. Bair's farm consists of 120 acres, all well under cultivation, and the acquirement of his own industry. Mr. Bair is a member of the Masonic fraternity and of the A. H. T. A.; in politics, he is a Republican.


Farming, P. O. Hancock, was born in New York State in 1833, son of James and Dorcas (Akley) Barton; he was a lumberman and farmer, and died in Wisconsin in 1861; she died in Wisconsin, and was the mother of fourteen children, five of whom are dead. Mr. Barton received an ordinary education in his native State, and then engaged in farming till he became twenty-one years of age, when he moved to Wisconsin and engaged in farming till 1867, when he came to Mitchell County, Iowa, thence to his present place in Pottawattamie County. Mr. Barton's farm of 650 acres was, when he bought it, wild prairie; now it is in a good state of cultivation, and has excellent buildings erected upon it. Mr. Barton's property is entirely self-acquired; he has an orchard of about 300 trees and quite a vineyard; he raises considerable stock, having on hand at present about one hundred head of cattle. Mr. Barton was married, in Wisconsin, in 1857, to Diantha Dewey, born in Vermont, daughter of Horace and Sophia (Felt) Dewey, he a native of Vermont and she of Massachusetts. Mr. and Mrs. Barton are the parents of five children - Marion L., Rosa, Aaron, Roscoe and Florence, all at home, except the eldest son, who is married and lives in Knox Township, where he owns and conducts a farm. Mr. Barton is one of the most successful farmers of Valley Township. Politically, he is a Republican.


farmer, P. O. Avoca, was born in Washington County, Ohio, in 1830, son of C. D. and E. G. Battelle; subject's father is living at Columbus, Ohio, and is seventy-six years old; he was a Methodist minister until 1881, when he retired. Mr. Battelle was well educated in Ohio and West Virginia, and first started in life in 1849, as a telegraph operator, which occupatiou he followed nine years. The first office he had charge of was at Portsmouth, Ohio; from there he went to Brownsville, Penn., but the greater portion of his life as an operator was spent at Washington, Ohio, and Wheeling, W. Va. The last two years spent in Wheeling, he was engaged in the grocery business, coming from Wheeling to his present place in 1855; he pre-empted his land. Mr. Battelle was married, in 1852, in Washington, Ohio, to Miss Aramintha Beymer, born in Ohio, daughter of William and Julia Beymer. Mrs. Battelle's father is still living. Mr. and Mrs. Battelle have seven children - three boys and four girls; two of the daughters are married and one son is in Hancock. Mr. Battelle's farm consists of 200 acres, all in cultivation and meadow. He was a member of the Board of County Supervisors for seven years, being Chairman of the board for five years; he has held various township offices, and has been on the School Board for many years. Mr. Battelle had the first pine house in Pottawattamie County; it was framed in Wheeling, W. Va, shipped on the river, and landed at the old landing at Council Bluffs. Mr. Battelle is a Mason and a Republican.


Hardware, Hancook, came to Pottawattamie County in 1864, settling in Valley Township on a farm, where he remained till 1881, with the exception of a short time he was in business in Avoca, in the early settlement of that place. He was born in Orange County, N. Y., Ajaril 22, 1832, and lived in different parts of the State till 1864, when he came to Iowa. His father was a carpenter and farmer, and Mr. Benjamin followed the same occupation; he received his education in New York; he is the son of S. H. and Magdalen (Forshee) Benjamin, natives of Orange County, N. Y. Mr. Benjamin is one of ten children, eight of whom are living, six of them being boys; his youngest brother is an attorney in Avoca; he also has a sister there; his father was born in March, 1800, and died in 1872; his mother, born in September, 1808, is living. Mr. Benjamin went out with the One Hundred and Seventh Regiment of New York, enlisting in 1862 for three years, but was in service only sis months; he passed through the battle of Antietam before being discharged. Mr. Benjamin was married, in Steuben County, N. Y., October 28, 1857, to Miss Maggie Travis, born in Putnam County, N. Y., July 3, 1838, daughter of Elisha and Clara Travis, natives of Delaware County, N. Y.; he, bom September 18, 1793, died August 18, 1879; she, born June 15, 1795, died May 7, 1880. Mr. and Mrs. Benjamin have had five children, four boys and one girl - T. W., H. H., A. M., Clara M., and B. W.; one son is married and lives at Avoca, Iowa. Mr. Benjamin came to Hancock in 1881, and started the second business establishment in the town. He has a two-story building, forty-two feet front and forty feet deep, and has two storerooms; in one he has hardware, of which he carries a large stock, including all kinds of necessary hardware. He also retains his farm of 120 acres, well improved. Mr. Benjamin took the first load of produce into Avoca that was ever delivered there. He has held township offices, such as Assessor, Justice of the Peace, etc. In 1873, Mr. Benjamin assessed Knox Township, when it included the present Knox, Pleasant, Layton, Lincoln and two-thirds of Valley Townships. He is a msmber of the I. O. O. F. and A. H. T. A. In politics, he is a Republican, and cast his first vote for John C. Fremont.


Farming, P. O. Hancock, was born near Dresden, Ohio, February 20, 1831; moved from Ohio to Chicago in 1853, and lived there five years; from there to McDonough County, Ill., and then to Jasper County, Iowa; thence to Columbus, Neb., where he lived for one year, and then moved to Valley Township, in 1872. Mr. Carter served three years in the war, going out with Company C, Seventy-eighth Regiment of Illinois, staying with his company three months, when it was all captured except Mr. Carter and one other man, who escaped. Mr. Carter was then transferred to the Engineers' Corps; was wounded, in the fall of 1863, at Carter's Creek, Tenn., by a bridge timber; he was then transferred to the Invalid Corps at Louisville, Ky. He was mustered out at Clinton, Iowa, in July, 1865, having been in the battles of Fort Donelson, Stone River, Lookout Mountain, Franklin, Tenn., and the battle of the Wilderness. Before going into the army, he had followed his trade of carpentering, but on account of the injury received at Carter's Creek, Tenn., he had to give up carpenter work, and has since followed farming, doing his first farming in Jasper County, Iowa. He now has a farm of 120 acres, adjoining the town of Hancock, on which he has lived since 1872; he does general farming, but pays most of his attention to corn. He is the son of Albin and Nancy (Clark) Carter, natives of Ohio; he was one of the old settlers in Ohio, and died in 1842; she died in 1842. Mr. Carter was married, November 13, 1851, to Miss Lucinda Dowell, born near Dresden, Ohio, October 16, 1835, daughter of George and Grace (Helms) Dowell, he, born in Virginia, died May 14, 1868, she, born in Pennsylvania, died April 25, 1874. Mr. and Mrs. Carter have one son in Oregon, general agent of the Retailers' Union; their oldest daughter married George Payne, and lives in Harrison County, Iowa; one son is a drayman in Hancock; the youngest son and two daughters are at home; the children are Harrison A., Charles E., George W., Retta, Eva M., Ida M., Jennie, Howard R., Florence M. and Hugh E.; two of the children are deceased. Mr. Carter has always taken an interest in political affairs; he was County Treasurer of McDonough County, Ill., for two years; Trustee for two years in Jasjser County, Iowa, and has held various other county and township offices. He is a Methodist and a Republican.

CLARK, Uriah

Farming, P. O. Oakland, was born in Pennsylvania in 1835, son of Charles and Sarah (McCreary) Clark, both born in Pennsylvania, and are now living in Pottawattamie County, Iowa. Father was a farmer, but now has retired. Mr. Clark moved with his parents to Illinois in 1850, and settled in Mercer County. He was educated in Pennsylvania and Illinois. Began for himself by farming in Illinois, and continued till the war broke out, when he enlisted in the army, in 1862, and served three years, going in with the One Hundred and Twenty-fourth Illinois Infantry, under Col. Howe, of Chicago. He was at the siege of Vicksburg, Champion Hill, Black River, and at Jackson, Miss.; stormed the works and went right over the breastworks. Mr. Clark came home with a bullet-hole through his coat, but not a scratch on his body. Was discharcred at Vicksburg in 1865. He was with Sherman on his march to the sea, but was taken sick and sent back to Vicksburg. He was married, June 25, 1857, to Miss Sarah E. Noble, daughter of Joseph and Ellen Noble; she was born in Illinois; she has two brothers and five sisters in Iowa. Mr. Clark has two brothers and three sisters living, and three sisters and three brothers dead. Mr. and Mrs. Clark have seven children living and one dead - Mary Adda, married E. M. Burch December 8, 1876, born October 28, 1858; Josie Ellie, born March 16, 1861, died June 20, 1881; Charles E., at home, born April 2, 1863; Minnie Kate, at home, born March 23, 1866; Hattie B., at home, born January 9, 1868; Cora M., at home, born October 13, 1870; Fannie G., at home, born July 2, 1873; Bertha M., at home, born November 15, 1876. Mr. Clark is a Republican; he also belongs to the Baptist Church. After coming from the army, he moved to Iowa, starting from Illinois in October, 1865. When tirst coming here, he settled two miles south of Oakland, where he had a farm of eighty acres, living on that till he came to his present farm, in November, 1873, buying 160 acres first, paying $25 per acre, it being partly improved. He has since added another eighty acres to it. His farm is now all improved, having a good orchard of about three acres and five acres in forest trees, etc. When first startincr to farming in Illinois, it was with Mr. R. M. White, they two renting a farm together. When coming out of the army, it took almost all he had to buy his outfit to move to Iowa, so he has made his farm since coming here. His farming is general. When tirst coming to his present place, there was no schoolhouse here, and not enough scholars for a school, but with his children they had scholars enough to start a school. So Mr. Clark, Mr. McGee and Mr. Pullen met at Mr. Clark's house, and Mr. Clark was elected sub-director. The house was built and school started. Those three were the only voters in the district at that time.

CLARK, William

Farmer, P. O Oakland, was born in Ohio, near the Pennsylvania line, March 1, 1837, son of Charles and Sarah (McCreary) Clark. Mr. Clark had six sisters, three of whom are dead, and five brothers, three of whom are dead. The parents make their home with our subject. When fifteen years old, Mr. Clark moved, with his parents, to Illinois; in 1860, they moved to Kansas, remained there a short time and then came to Pottawattamie County, Iowa, where Mr. Clark has since engaged in farming and stock-raising. In 1863, in Mercer County, Ill., Mr. Clark married Miss Martha A. Humbert, born in Indiana, daughter of E. M. Humbert, who died in March, 1881. Mrs. Clark has three sisters and three brothers living, and is the mother of five children - Fred, Sarah, Carrie, William and an infant. Mr. Clark has lived in this county twenty-one years, and on his present farm six years. He commenced with nothing, and now has a farm of 400 acres, all in cultivation and pasture; he raises a fine grade of cattle, feeding most of his grain. He has one of the largest dwellings in the township, and has on his place a fine orchard of two and a half acres. Mr. and Mrs. Clark are members of the Baptist Church.

CONVERS, William

Farming, P. O. Hancock, was born in Crawford County, Perm., October 20, 1831, son of Erastus and Elizabeth Convers, he born in Vermont, died March 12, 1848, she born October 10, 1813, in Pennsylvania. Our subject came to Iowa when he was nine years old, and never had the advantages of school to any extent; he was raised on a farm and started in life as a farmer and veterinary surgeon. When he, with his parents, came to Iowa and settled in Iowa County, the nearest store was at Burlington, seventy miles distant, and Indians were so common that Mr. Convers became quite conversant with their language, speaking it quite well. He lived in Iowa County, Iowa, for thirty years, except one year spent in Minnesota with the regular army; he was not enlisted, but in 1848, when only seventeen years old, he drove teams iu winter and cooked in summer, while Fort Gaines was building in Minnesota. He had three brothers in the war of the rebellion and only one came out. Mr. Convers is one of six children; his only sister died many years ago; he has one brotlier in Lyons County, Iowa, and one in California. Mr. Convers is a Good Templar, Mason, Odd Fellow, a member of the A. H. T. A.; he has been a temperance worker for twenty-three years, and took a very active part in working for prohibition in Iowa. His father died when he was only fourteen rears old, but his mother is still living. Mr. Convers was married, May 23, 1851, to Miss Jane C. Henry, born in Pickaway County, Ohio, May 24, 1836. Subject came to Pottawattamie County, Iowa, in 1870, and bought his present place, which was not improved. He has a farm of 325 acres of land, upon which he has sixteen acres of groves and orchards, and has erected good buildings. Mr. Convers has always followed farming and dealing in stock; also practicing as a veterinary surgeon. He has one son - Charles H. - in California, teaching school; another - John - in Avoca, Pottawattamie County, as baggage master; he has also four daughters - Mary, Emma, Ella and Clara. Mr. Convers has filled various township offices, and in politics is a Eepublican.


Farming, P. O. Hancock, was born in Ohio in 1841; his father, John L. Gardner, was a farmer and railroad contractor; he located at Marengo, Iowa, when it was a small place, and there owned quite a body of land which was afterward divided into lots. Our subject remained in his native State till he became eighteen years of age, when he went to Pike's Peak, at the time of the gold fever. He remained in the West two years, and then, returning to Ohio, enlisted, in 1862, in the Twenty-seventh Ohio Regiment, Col. Blackburn, serving till mustered out at the close of the war; he entered as a private, but came out as Second Lieittenant; he had four brothers in the army - one a Captain in the Twenty-ninth Iowa, and another in the Sixty-fifth Ohio Regiments; three of the brothers were wounded, one of them severely, the latter is now in the employ of the Government at Washington. After the war, Mr. Gardner went to Missouri; thence, in 1871, he came to this county and bought 120 acres, which is now quite well improved. Mr. Gardner was married, in 1879, to Miss Emma Kearney, born in New York City; they have two children - Frank and Gerald. Mr. Gardner received his education in Ohio and Mt. Vernon, Iowa, and completed it at Hillsdale College, Mich. He is a member of the A. H. T. A., and in politics is a Republican.

HARDMAN. Charles W.

Physician, Hancock, was born in Tazewell County, III., in 1853, son of Samuel B. and Mary F. Hardman; he is a farmer and Methodist preacher; she is the mother of three children - our subject, one son, a druggist, in Avoca, Iowa, and a daughter living in Davenport, Iowa, the wife of Mr. Hancock, who founded the town in Iowa which bears his name. Dr. Hardman was raised on his father's farm, in Tazewell County, and subsequently took a course in Rush Medical College, Chicago, graduating from the same in 1878. After graduating. Dr. Hardman located in Pawnee County, Kan., where he practiced till 1881, then came to Hancock, Pottawattamie County, Iowa, where he is the only physician, and has a good practice; he and his brother are preparing to go into the dtug business in Hancock. Dr. Hardman was married, in Kansas, in 1879, to Miss Mary Lula Pugh, of Chicago, Ill.; they have one daughter - Mary Grace. Dr. Hardman is a member of the I. O. O. F., and in politics is a Democrat.


Teacher, Parma, was born November 24, 1829, in Logan County, Ohio, son of James and Isabel Harrod, both living in Ohio, he born in Knox County, Ohio, in 1808, she born in Licking County, Ohio, in 1810. Mr. Harrod is the oldest of seven boys and one girl, and was educated at Geneva Hall College, Ohio; began life teaching in 1849; taught three years in Ohio, and then went to Indiana and taught eight years in Hancock County; then the war broke out, and Mr. Harrod enlisted as a private, August 13, 1862, in the Ninety-ninth Indiana Infantry. He was commissioned Quartermaster for the One Hundred and Thirteenth Indiana Infantry in September, 1863. This was called into service for forty days, and after they were mustered out, Dr. William E. Wall, now of Trader's Point. Iowa, J. C. Rardin and Mr. Harrod, organized a company of cavalry. Dr. Wall was elected Captain; Mr. Rardin, First Lieutenant, and Mr. Harrod, Second Lieutenant. After about a year. Dr. Wall was promoted to the position of Major, Mr. Rardin Captain and Mr. Harrod, First Lieutenant; all served through the war and are living yet, Mr. Harrod being the only one wounded. Their regiment went into the field in the spring of 1864, and were at once pitted against Forrest, Wheeler and Anderson, raiders in the rear of Sherman. They first started out in Tennessee, and on through Alabama. Mr. Harrod and others were taken prisoners, in September, 1864, at Sulphur Branch, seven miles north of Athens, Ala., Forrest capturing them, he having 10,000 men and the Federals only 500, but they fought six hours before surrendering, and the officers were allowed to retain their side-arms. Loss of Federals, ninety-six, in those that were killed and died from wounds; confederate loss, 200 killed and 1,100 wounded. From the field. our subject and the other prisoners were taken to Meridian, where they were kept in the stockade for a week, and then taken to Enterprise, Miss., and kept for a little over two months, one of the terms of capitulation being that they should be retained in Mississippi; they were paroled at Memphis, Tenn., but remained in the service till their regiment was mustered out, September 9, 1865. at Indianapolis. Mr. Harrod remained under medical treatment for over a year before being able to do anything, and in September, 1866, he came to Pottawattamie County, and has remained here since, most of the time engaged in teaching, but his health being so seriously affected since his being a prisoner, he is unable some years to follow his adopted profession of teaching. He has served two terms as Justice of the Peace, and has been identified with the school interests most of the time. His first vote was for Franklin Pierce, but since he has not voted for a Democratic President; for other officers, he votes for what he considers the best man. He was married, November 18, 1851, to Miss Matilda Ann Hukill. of Ohio, born November 12, 1833, daughter of Stephen Hukill. There is one son by this marriage - Robert F., now living in Ohio. His wife died July 11, 1853. In May, 1854, Mr. Harrod married again, this time to Miss Jane A. Laport, born January 1, 1835, daughter of John L. and Virlind (Harrison) Laport. There is one son and one daughter by this marriage - Charles B. and Maggie M.; the latter was married, m January, 1878, to Mr. Isaiah Morris, son of Reuben Moms, of Center Township.


Farmer, P. O. Avoca, was born in Pennsylvania in 1826, son of Joshua and Dorothy (Jones) Headlee, he a farmer, died in Indiana; she is living in Avoca, Iowa; the parents had three daughters and five sons. Mr. Headlee removed, with his parents, from Peansylvania to Indiana, remaining in the latter till he was about fifteen years old, when he came to Iowa. He lived nine miles from Keokuk till 1852, when he settled in Knox Township, Pottawattamie County; thence, in 1862, he came to his present fann of 160 acres, in Valley Township. Mr. Headlee was married, in 1862, near Keokuk, Iowa, to Esther Lewis, born in Ohio; she has blessed him with eleven children - five boys and six girls, one of each sex being dead. When Mr. Headlee first came to Pottawattamie County, he had a yoke of cattle and a wagon, which he bought in a year's time, and 15 cents in money; he now has a good property. Mr. Headlee espouses the Republican cause.


Farming, P. O. Avoca, was born in 1845 in Maine, and came to this county in 1870, from Minnesota, where he had lived for about five years previous; his father and mother are living in Pottawattamie County. Mr. Holway was educated in Maine, and has always followed farming. He came here in 1870, and bought forty acres of unimproved land; he now has eighty acres, mostly under cultivation. Mr. Holway was married, in Maine, in 1865, to Lovina Williams; they have one son - Charles L., and two daughters - Anna M. and Laura Ella. Mr. Holway is a member of the A. H. T. A., and his wife of the Presbyterian Church. Mr. Holway has one brother and one sister living in this county. He is a Democrat in politics.


Farming, P. O. Hancock, was born in New York State in 1837, son of Wells and Jane (Look) King; his father is living in Iowa County, Iowa. Mr. King has one brother, D. C. King, in Montgomery County, Iowa. Our subject was educated in New York State and remained there till he was twenty-two years of age; he then went to Michigan and enlisted in the Third Michigan Cavalry, September 17, 1861, being discharged March 16, 1866; Hamburg Landing, Iuka, Corinth and Mobile were the leading engagements he was in. He entered as a private, and subsequently received a commission from Gov. Crapo, of Michigan; this commission was to take effect November 8, 1865, but the war closing prevented Mr. King from making use of it; he was Regimental Commissary when mustered out. After the war closed, he soon came to Iowa County, Iowa, bought and settled there. He remained in Iowa County till 1873, when he sold out, came to Pottawattamie County and settled on a place which he has since sold; he then bought another farm of 240 acres, on which he now lives; the farm is well improved. Mr. King was married, in 1870. to Miss Mary L. Archer, born in Ohio; her father, Oliver Archer, is dead; her mother is in this township. Mr. King has two children - Hattie J. and Lucy A.; he has also lost two children. Mr. King's business has always been that of farming. He is a member of the Masonic fraternity and of the A. H. T. A. He has held township offices, being Assessor of Knox Township before Valley was separated from it; he is at present Trustee of Valley Township. He was one of the most active in getting Valley Township set off by itself. In politics, Mr. King is a Republican.


Groceries and queensware, Hancock, was born in Germany in 1845, son of F. J. Knierieman, who was a farmer by occupation, now dead. Subject's mother is also deceased. Mr. Knierieman took a complete course in the public schools of Germany, and afterward learned the miller's trade. He has two brothers who are farmers in Germany. Our subject came to America in 1868, locating first in Philadelpliia, where he engaged in milling. Since 1870, he has lived in Iowa, and for the past five years in Pottawattamie County. He came from Avoca to Hancock in April, 1882; while in Avoca, he conducted a mill. Mr. Knierieman was married, in 1879, to Miss Dora May Kinney, of Avoca, born in Oskaloosa, Iowa, daughter of W. S. Kinney, a Methodist minister, who has retired from the pulpit and from business on account of his health; he owns the grocery, queensware and notion store in Hancock, of which our subject has charge; they carry a stock of about $2,000. Mr. Knierieman is Deputy Postmaster of Hancock. He has visited the largest cities of all the Northern States, and has crossed the ocean three times. He is a member of the I. O. O. F.; takes no particular interest in politics, but generally votes the Democratic ticket.

MOORE. Joseph

Farming, P. O. Hancock, was born in Ireland in 1846; came to America with his parents in 1849, and settled in Newry, Blair Co., Penn. In 1858, he moved with his parents to Lee County, Ill., where they remained two years. Of the two years our subject remained in Lee County, he lay twenty-one months with fever and ague. In 1860, he again moved with his parents to Scott County, Iowa, where his parents still live; his mother is seventy-eight years old and his father seventy-nine. When the war broke out, our subject's three brothers enlisted, but Joseph being too young to enlist, remained at home with his parents till he was of age, and then went to farming. In February, 1871, he came to Pottawattamie County, and settled eight and a half miles south of Avoca and built a house eight by ten feet. He lived alone one year, and then was married to Miss Hattie H. Sautelle, who was born in Bangor, Me. Mr. Moore has resided on his farm up to the present time, but now has built a residence in the town of Hancock, and intends to make that place his future home. He has a well-improved farm of 120 acres, besides his town property. He is a Republican and also a member of the I. O. O. F., Valley Lodge, No. 439. They have five daughters. One of Mr. Moore's brothers died in the army; one lives in Davenport, Iowa, and one in Moline, Ill. Mr. Moore has always had to depend upon his own resources, and has made most of his money in raising hogs in Pottawattamie County. He was educated in Scott County, Iowa, in the common schools.

MORROW, Israel

Farmer, P. O. Avoca, was born in Westmoreland County, Penn., in 1831, son of John and Sarah (Hamilton) Morrow, he a boatman and farmer by occupation, was a native of Westmoreland County, Penn.; the parents had thirteen children, ten boys and three girls. Mr. Morrow received an ordinary education in Pennsylvania, and was there engaged in boating on the canal till he became twenty- one years old, when he moved to Henry County, Ill. After settling in Illinois, Mr. Morrow followed farming and also ran a coal mine for some time; he next engaged in the milling business for about a year, in Geneseo, Henry Co., Ill.; thence he went to Scott County, Ill., where he owned and conducted a flouring-mill for eight years. July 4, 1876, Mr. Morrow came to Pottawattamie County, Iowa, and purchased his present farm of 160 acres, now all under cultivation. When the late war broke out, Mr. Morrow and six of his brothers being old enough to enlist, they cast lots to see who should remain at home, it being necessary for one of them to do so; the lot fell upon our subject, and his six brothers enlisted in Company B, Ninth Illinois Cavalry, one entering as a Corporal. Two of his brothers died in the army; the others came out, after serving three and four years. Mr. Morrow was married, March 19, 1857, to Miss Margaret Ann Linton, born in Philadelphia, Penn., daughter of Robert Linton, a boatman and mechanic, and for fourteen years a policeman in Philadelphia. Mr. and Mrs. Morrow have been blessed with nine children, five boys and four girls; they have lost two. Mr. Morrow and wife have been members of the M. E. Church for many years. Mr. Morrow is in politics a Republican.


Farming, P. O. Hancock, was born in Pennsylvania in 1834, son of Thomas and Martha (Aken) Motheral; he, a farmer by occupation, was born in Pennsylvania and died in Missouri; she, born in Pennsylvania, is also dead; was the mother of twelve children, six of whom are dead. When five yeara old, Mr. Motheral moved, with his parents, to Illinois, where he received an ordinary schooling. In 1854, he came to Iowa and located in Poweshiek County, where he engaged in farming till 1871, when he located on his present place in Pottawattamie County. Mr. Motheral's farm consists of 410 acres, mostly under cultivation, and supplied with good buildings; when he first took this farm it was wild prairie. He conducts general farming and trades some in cattle. Mr. Motheral was married, in Iowa, in 1860, to Miss Sarah M. Clark, born in New Jersey, daughter of John and Mary Clark, residents of Iowa. This union has been blessed with four children - Florence E., Sarah M., R. Franklin and Mary J. Mr. Motheral is a Mason and a Democrat.

NEWMAN, Charles W.

General repair shop, Hancock, was born in England June 2, 1843, son of William and Bridget (Parkinson) Newman, he dead, she still living. Our subject's father was the son of a "gentleman" in England, and, being possessed of considerable wealth, never engaged in labor till he lost his property and emigrated to Canada, where he engaged in milling. Our subject has a brother in Ontario, Canada, in the shoe business; one sister living in Detroit, Mich., and another in Canada. Mr. Newman's other relatives all live in England, except one uncle, residing near Troy, Mich. When Mr. Newman was six years of age, he, with his parents, came to Canada, and there served an apprenticeship of three years at blacksmithing. In 1862, he moved to Michigan and worked at his trade for several years; then returned to Canada and was married, in January, 1869, to Miss Mary J. Bingham, a native of Canada; her father, Robert Bingham, is a native of Ireland, and came to Canada, where he was married. Mrs. Newman's parents are residents of Valley Township, Pottawattamie County, Iowa. After his marriage, Mr. Newman remained in Canada till 1876, when he came to Iowa, located in Avoca and ran a blacksmith shop for nearly two years, then came to Valley Township, purchased a farm, erected a shop on it, and continued at his trade. In the fall of 1880, Mr. Newman removed his shop to Hancock, and also engaged in the coal business with Mr. Armstrong. After engaging in the coal business a little less than a year, he sold out his interest and turned his whole attention to his shop, which he still continues. Mr. and Mrs. Newman have three children, all girls; they are members of the Methodist Church. Mr. Newman is a member of the Masonic fraternity and is a Republican.

PALMER, Marion

Farming, P. O. Parma, born in Mercer County, Ill., in 1851, son of M. T. and Caroline (Tuel) Palmer. Mr. M. T. Palmer was born in Indiana in 1822. Mr. Palmer's parents are both living in Pottawattamie County; he is one of nine children, seven still living, seven boys and two daughters; two of the boys are dead. They came to Conncil Bluffs in 1853, and have lived in this county ever since. Mr. Palmer was educated in the common schools of the county. They only lived in Council Bluffs for a short time, and then came to near Oakland and bought a farm there. Mr. Palmer's father has lived on the original place ever since, and in connection with the farm he has a store, which he has kept for about twenty years. With the exception of one brother and sister, in Harlan, Shelby Co., Iowa, the family all live in Pottawattamie County. Mr. Palmer started in life as a farmer, and has followed the same ever since, except one year, when he was in the grocery business at Oakland. Mr. Palmer was married, December 25, 1873, to Miss Susanna Davis, born in Illinois, daughter of W. B. and Elizabeth Jane Davis, doth dead. Mr. Palmer's wife died April 26, 1882. They had one girl, who died September 6, 1876, and one son, died May 20, 1882. Mr. Palmer came to his present farm April 8, 1876. For two years before he had farmed on Section 28, Valley Township. When first coming to his present farm, he bought forty acres, paying $8 per acre. Since, he has added to it till he now has a farm of 160 acres, all improved. He is a Republican in politics. Is also a member of the A. H. T. A. When he started in, it was with nothing, and has made what he has by farming. Does general farming.


Attorney, Hancock, is a son of Thomas Patterson, and was born in Ireland in 1849. In the fall of 1853, he came with his parents to America, and settled in Newry, Blair Co., Penn. Mr. Patterson was educated at Washington and Jefferson College, Pennsylvania, graduating in the class of 1874. He then entered the law office of Judge Black, of York, Penn. He was admitted to the Blair County bar August 24, 1877; practiced law in that county two years, and then came West, locating in Avoca, Iowa. He remained in Avoca till the fall of 1881, when, his health being poor, he farmed for a year. He now has a law office in Hancock, and is Justice of the Peace. Mr. Patterson's parents, as well as his five brothers and four sisters, are living in Pennsylvania. Mr. Patterson was admitted to the Pottawattamie County bar on the motion of Col. Keatley, of Council Bluffs. Mr. Patterson is a member of the Presbyterian Church; also of the I. O. O. F.; and in politics is a Republican. He is one of he rising young men of the county.


Farmer, P. O. Avoca, was boru in Prussia in 1827. He was educated in his native country, and left there when twenty-six years of age, coming to this country in 1853, and settling in Chicago, Ill., where he lived three years, employed as a musician. In 1856, he moved from Chicago to Davenport, Iowa, where he continued as a musician for almost twelve years. He next moved, in 1868, to Benton County, Iowa where for three years he engaged in farming, then returned to Davenport for six months, thence to Omaha in 1871, where he resided four years, engaged as a musician. In 1875, Mr. Schulz came from Omaha to Pottawattamie County, Iowa, bought 160 acres of prairie, erected buildings, and now has his farm mostly under cultivation. In 1861, he joined a military band, thus serving his country until receiving an honorable discharge, in 1862, on account of sickness. Mr. Schulz was married, in 1856, in Chicago, to Miss Sophia Presler, daughter of John G. Presler, of Germany, for many years a soldier in the German Army, going with Napoleon to Russia, and remaining with his army until Napoleon was banished. Mr. and Mrs. Schulz have four children - Lizzie, Emily, John and Caroline; the eldest is married. In politics, Mr. Schulz is a Republican.


Farmer, P. O. Hancock, born in Indiana in 1850, son of Alphens and Catharine (Hnxford) Warner; was educated in the common schools of Indiana; began by working by the month; cam» to Iowa in 1874, to Marion County, and was in Marion County for about sixteen months, then came to Pottawattamie County and settled on his present place. Parents both dead. When he came to present farm, it was partly broken out, and a house, 12x16, on it; but that was all the improvements. Was mrried, in spring of 1877, in Pottawattamie County, to Miss Mary Victoria Griffith, born in Iowa. They have three children - two girls and one boy. His farming is mostly grain-raising. His farm here consists of eighty acres, buying in December, 1875, when land was high, and paid $20 per acre.

WARNER, Charles

Farmer, P. O. Hancock, bom in Indiana in 1852, son of Alpheus and Catharine (Huxford) Warner; came here in 1876, and bought a farm with his brother, and farmed together for some years, and then sold out to brother, and bought another farm by himself, now having a farm of 120 acres. Generally votes the Democratic ticket; is a member of the I. O. O. F., and of the A. H. T. A. His farming is mostly grain-raising. He was educated in Indiana, in common schools. When he and brother bought their first farm, it was partly broken and had a house on it 12x16 feet, but no other improvements. He is one of four own brothers and three half-sisters and one half-brother, but there are now living but the two own brothers and one half-brother.


Farmer, P. O. Hancock, was bom in Indiana in 1843, son of John and Ruth (Cox) Watts; he was born in Virginia, and came to Polk County, Iowa, in the fall of 1849, being one of the early settlers in that county; there he died in 1855. Subject's mother was born in Kentucky; was the mother of ten children, and died in 1878. In 1849, Mr. Watts came with his parents to Polk County, Iowa, where subject received an ordinary education, and engaged in farming till 1872. when he came to Pottawattamie County and settled on his present farm of 146 acres. When Mr. Watts first settled on his farm, it was unimproved; it is now in a good state of cultivation, and has good buildings erected upon it. He has an orchard of 160 trees, just beginning to bear, and other improvements. Mr. Watts has one brother, a dentist, in Des Moines, Iowa, and one sister, Mrs. Carter, who resides in California. In 1861, Mr. Watts enlisted in Company B, Tenth Iowa Infantry. After serving about a year, he received an honorable discharge, having been incapacitated for duty by being shot through the wrist while on picket duty at New Madrid, Mo. Mr. Watts was married, in 1866, in Polk County, Iowa, to Miss Sarah J. Eairleywine, a native of Ohio, daughter of Abram and Elizabeth Eairleywine, natives of Ohio. The result of this union is one daughter, Orie A., born September 1, 1868, and one son, Charlie M., born August 22, 1870. Mr. Watts is a member of the I. O. O. F., and is a Democrat.


Farmer, P. O. Hancock, was born in Ohio in 1848, son of O. E. and M. F. (Williamson) Wetmore. He was educated mostly in Ohio, but also attended Abingdon College, Illinois. The mother of subject is still living. His father died when our subject was but eight years old. Mr. Wetmore attended school till about twenty years of age, and then went to teaching and farming, which occupation he has continued since. He has two sisters - one near Carson, Pottawattamie Co. , Iowa, and the other in Michigan. Mr. Wetmore was married, in November, 1874, to Miss Emma E. Peterson, born in New York; her father and mother are living in Summit County, Ohio. Mr. and Mrs. Wetmore have no children of their own, but have a girl which they are raising. Mr. Wetmore came from Ohio to Pottawattamie County, Iowa, in the spring of 1878, and settled on his present farm of eighty acres. Mr. and Mrs. Wetmore are members of the Christian Church. Politically, Mr. Wetmore is a Democrat.

WHIPPLE, William W.

Farmer, P. O. Hancock, was born in McKean County, Penn., in 1837, son of Samuel and Mercia Whipple; mother died in 1842, father in 1867; for most of his life, the latter was a lumberman, but, a few years before his death, he followed farming. Mr. Whipple has one brother and two sisters in Wisconsin. He received his education in Pennsylvania; moved from there when he was seventeen years old, and went to Portage County, Wis., and remained five years, engaged in lumbering. He next went to Adams County, Wis., and went to farming; remained in Adams County till 1864, when he enlisted in Company E, Thirty-seventh Wisconsin Volunteers, and served till the close of the war. He was in the battle of Fort Steadman, before Petersburg and at its capture. After the close of the war, he stayed in Wisconsin about one year, and then went to Minnesota, where he followed farming most of the time. In 1860, Mr. Whipple was married to Miss Phylena Seward, born in New York, daughter of Enos Seward, and slightly related to William H. Seward. Mrs. Whipple died March 11, 1863, and was the mother of one son, who died October 17, 1864. Mr. Whipple was again married, in Minnesota, in 1869, to Miss Annie E. Holloway, born in Maine, daughter of Levi Holloway. By his second wife Mr. Whipple has two children - Eugene W., born August 6, 1871; and Albert L., born in December, 1876. Mr. Whipple lived in Minnesota till 1869, when he moved to Pottawattamie County, Iowa, and settled in Valley Township, one and a half miles east of Hancock. In 1872, he bought eighty acres of prairie at $9 per acre, and, in 1874, forty acres at $10 per acre. His farm is all under cultivation, with good improvements, good buildings and orchards. He sold his farm in 1882 for $30 per acre. He is a member of the A. H. T. A.; also a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church of Hancock, and Superintendent of the Sunday school. In politics, he is a Republican.


Dry goods and groceries, Hancock, was born in Monroe County, Ind., February 9, 1859, son of Granville and Louisa Whisnand, natives of Indiana, who are living on their farm near Sheridan, Iowa. Our subject attended school at Sheridan, Iowa, and completed his business education at what is known as Mrs. Steward's Academy. Mr. Whisnand removed with his parents from Indiana to Lucas County, Iowa, about 1865; thence, in 1879, he went to Cass County, and remained there till coming to Pottawattamie County. He has three brothers and two sisters - one brother in this county, one sister in Guthrie County, and the others in Lucas County. Mr. Whisnand was engaged in farming till early in 1881, when he went into a store at Griswold, Iowa, remaining there till starting his present store in Hancock, December 1, 1881. His tii-st partner was Mr. Gordon, who subsequently sold out his interest, and the firm is now Whisnand & Archer. They keep dry goods, boots and shoes, and a complete stock of groceries, their stock invoicing at $3,200. Mr. Whisnand has charge of the business, his partner being on a farm. Mr. Whisnand is a member of the I. O. O. F., and in politics he is a Republican.


Farmer, P. O. Oakland, barn in Pennsylvania in 1833; lived in Pennsylvania till 1853, and then went to Illinois, and was there till 1860, and came to Kansas and then to his present place the same year, and this has been his home ever since. He was raised on a farm; was educated in Pennsylvania, in common schools. He has always followed farming. When first starting for himself, he went to Illinois and worked by the month for about a year and six months. The first land he ever bought was his present place. He is a son of Samuel and Mary (Leslie) White; father born in Washington County, Penn.; parents both dead. Mr. White is one of seven children - three sons and four daughters. Six are still living. He has one brother in Iowa now; one sister in Virginia; the other members of family in Pennsylvania. He is Republican in politics. He had two brothers go through the war. Was married, in 1858, to Miss Martha Clark, daughter of Charles and Sarah Clark, both living. Mr. and Mrs. White have five children living and one dead, all boys - Charles, Warren, Uriah, Leslie, Edmond. Charles is married and lives in Valley Township. The others are all at home, except what time Warren is off at school. When Mr. White came here, he bought land, paying $2.50 per acre. He has now 800 acres in a body, and his oldest son 160 adjoining. Besides his home farm, he has other lands. When first settling, he only bought eighty acres - the remainder after the country began to settle up. When Mr. White came to Iowa, it was with nothing except a good team of horses, two or three cows and a few household goods. He had moved in wagon from Illinois to Kansas, and then to Iowa. After crossing the Missouri River into Iowa, he had only 25 cents in money, and provisions for a week. He bought his first eighty acres of Ephraim Bird on a year's time. Mr. Bird was to pay the taxes the first year, and also for recording the deed. Mr. White paid for the land in stock and grain in about fifteen months from buying it. Mr. White has always followed stock and grain raising. When first coming here, he did considerable hauling between Big Grove [Oakland] and Council Bluffs. While in Illinois, he worked by the month till he could buy a team, and then rented land and farmed, making money pretty fast till going to Kansas; he lost all his money, and has made what he now has in Iowa. In 1875, Mr. White was run by the Republican party for Representative for this district for the State Legislature, but, it being an office he did not desire, and his other business needing his attention at the time, he paid no attention to the canvass, so was beaten by the opposing candidate, Mr. Hunt, of Avoca, by one vote. In the first two elections in the district, called then No. 3, in Center Township, there were only two voters - Mr. White and Mr. Strong. This was in 1866 and 1867. Mr. White was then Secretary of the School Board, and his vote elected Mr. Strong Sub-Director for two years. Then Mr. White and Mr. Strong voted a 5-mill tax on their subdistrict. Their subdistrict then was three by three and a half miles. In 1868, they got their schoolhouse, and at the time the tax was voted, there were but two scholars; but, in 1868, as soon as the school was opened, there were eleven scholars, for people began to settle near the school. Mr. White has been Township Clerk for all but one year since 1865.

WIESE, Peter

Farmer, P. O. Hancock, was born in Holstein, Germanv, in 1848, andreceived his eduation there. He came to thia country in 1868, locating first in Davenport, Iowa, where he engaged in farming three years; thence he went to West Liberty, Muscatine Co., Iowa, and engaged in farming till 1872, when he came to this county and purchased eighty acres in Knox Township. In 1878, he sold his farm in Knox Township, and, coming to Valley Township, bought eighty acres in Section 13. Here he has since conducted farming. Mr. Wiese was married, in Davenport, to Mrs. Sophia L. Hansan, daughter of Henry W. T. Bein, a farmer of Scott County, owning 200 acres. Mr. and Mrs. Wiese have four children - Augusta T., Jacob H., Eggert and Ida L. - two of them being Mrs. Wiese's children by her first husband, Hans J. Hansan. The parents of Mr. Wiese are living near West Liberty. He has one sister living in Avoca, and one brother in Knox Township. Mr. Wiese was naturalized May 19, 1882, and votes the Democratic ticket.


Farmer, P. O. Hancock, was born in Indiana in 1848. His father, S. G. Williams, was born in Maine, and emigrated to Indiana when that State was almost entirely inhabited by Indians. He now lives in retirement, in South Bend, Ind., having been a farmer forty years. He and ex-Gov. Garcillon, of Maine, were schoolmates. Mr. Williams has one brother and two sisters. He received a good education in Indiana, and, leaving that State in 1872, came to Iowa and located on his present place in Pottawattamie County. Mr. Williams' farm consists of seventy acres, well improved, and a $1,500 residence upon it. Besides his farm, he owns considerable town property. He is Postmaster of Hancock. Mr. Williams was married, in 1873, in Avoca, Iowa, to Miss S. E. Sanders, a native of Michigan. They have five children - Mabel, Frank, Winfield, Grove and Clara. Mr. Williams is a member of the I. O. O. F. , serving as Permanent Secretary. He is a Republican in politics.

From History of Pottawattamie County, Iowa, published by O. L. Baskin & Co.