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Biographical Sketches
Silver Creek Township

AUKLAND, Shadrach

Farmer. P. O. Living Spring. Mr. Aukland is a native of England, born in 1844 in Lincolnshire; came to America in 1852, stopping in Zauesville, Ohio, where they remained about one and one-half years. Soon after settling there, his father, William Aukland. was thrown from a horse and was killed. Mr. Aukland and his mother moved to Peoria County, Ill., about eighteen months after this, and his mother still lives there. Mr. A. came to Pottawattamie County in 1869, and has made this his home ever since. He received his education in Illinois in common schools. He was married in Peoria County, Ill., in 1866, to Miss Priscilla A. Evans; she was born in Ohio. They have three children living and one dead, all boys. He is Republican in politics. He and wife are members of the Church of God. Farming has always been his business. In 1864, he enlisted in Company I, One Hundred and Forty-six Illinois Infantry (Col. Dean); served till close of war. Most of the time they were at Springfield, Ill., doing, provost duty. Mr. Aukland's farm consists of 160 acres. It was raw prairie when he bought it; he gave $8 for the first eighty and $12.50 per acre for the second eighty; most of it is now in cultivation. Mr. A. has just completed a residence 18x26, one story and a half, his being one of many neat farmhouses rebuilt in this township in the last few years.


Farmer, P. O. Carson. Mr. Brockman is a German by birth, and was born in 1841 in Holstein, and came to America in 1852. His own parents being dead, he was adopted by his aunt, and after she was married came with her to America; they settled in Iowa. His father, Frederick Brockman. was in the Holstein and Denmark war in 1847, and died during the war. Mr. Brockman was educated in Iowa. August, 1861, he enlisted in Company E, Second Iowa Cavalry. He served three years, serving under Col. Elliott and Col. Hedge, in Gen. Hooker's division; Atlanta was the leading engagement. He stood on guard at Memphis when Gen. Forrest made his raid. After his discharge, he returned to his home in Scott County, Iowa, and remained there till he came to Pottawattamie County in 1869, fall of the year. He was raised on a farm but had not followed farming for himself till he came to this county. He had been in the hotel business in Davenport. In Durant, Cedar Co., Iowa, he ran a hotel for about eighteen months, and was burned out May, 1869, and then came out here. He was married in Scott Countv in 1868, to Miss T. G. Suser; she is a native of Grermany, coming from near Mr. Brockman's old home. They have six children, two sons and four daughters. When he came to his present farm, it was wild land. His farm now consists of 136 acres, all in cultivation; corn and hogs are his principal business. He is Republican in politics. He and wife are members of the Lutheran Church. He is one of the Township Trustees, and has been three years. Mr. Broekman has been influential in bringing in about twenty families who have settled in Silver Creek, Keg Creek and Washington Townships.

CASSON, Charles

Farmer, P. O. Living Spring. Mr. Casson is a native of Yorkshire, Eng., born in 1826. When he was eleven years old, he went into a woolen mill, where they made the finest woolen goods, and continued to work in the same mill till 1869, where he quit and came to America, giving himself only about a week to prepare from the time he left the mill till he started. He was married, in 1851, to Miss Eliza Wood; she was born in the same shire. They brought nine children with them to America, and one was born since coming, but the oldest sou died in Iowa; five sons and four daughters still living. One son married. When he came to America, he settled first in Logan County, Ill., where he remained one year; then went to Fayette County, Ill., but was there only two years, when he returned to Logan County, and made that his home till he came to his present farm in 1877, but had bought it in 1875. His farm consists of 160 acres. It was raw land when he bought it, and paid $10 per acre. Since coming on to it he he has been steadily improving; now it is all in cultivation. Corn-raising is most of bis farming, and then feeding part of the time. Mr. Casson's object in coming here was to make a home which should be his own, and he has succeeded. He is Republican in politics. He also has 160 acres in Wayne County, Neb.


Farmer, P. O. Macedonia. Mr. Lyman Clark, the father of John Clark, was born in New York State February 12, 1811. Lived there till about 1851, and then went to Perry County, Ohio; was in Ohio for about eight years, and then went to La Salle County, Ill., and was there about twenty years, and then came to Iowa in 1879, settling in Silver Creek Township. He was married, in New York January 15, 1832, to Miss Betsey Crandall. She was born in New York February 8, 1814. January 15, 1882, they passed their fiftieth wedding anniversary, both quite active and strong. They have had seven children, four sons and three daughters, two sons and two daughters now living - Charles H., Frances J., Wilson M., Isadora O., Floretta Geraldus E., John. Charles H. died when he was a boy. All the others lived to be grown, and all were married except John, he living at home. Except three years that he worked at blacksmithing, Mr. Clark's whole life has been spent in farming. Mr. and Mrs. Clark began their life together with nothing, but have lived to see their children doing well, and have made a good property for themselves. All their children were born in New York, except the youngest, and he was born in Ohio in 1857. Mr. John Clark was educated in Illinois in common schools. He has always followed farming, and has remained at home. He and his father have each 160 acres of land in a body - 260 in cultivation - the remainder in pasture and hay land. His business is raising corn and feeding cattle and hogs - feeding thirty-five head of cattle, besides hogs. He is Republican in politics. His father also has been a Republican since the party started. His father worked for three years for Moses and Henry Tilden, brothers of Samuel J. They were then in their manufacturing business, Mr. Clark being boss on the Tilden farm.


Stockman, Silver City. Mr. Frazier was born December 31, 1848, in Ohio, and lived there till he was twenty years old, and then came to Marion County, Iowa, and was there for four years, and then moved to Mills County, where be remained for one year, and then came to Pottawattamie County. He is the son of John R. Frazier, who was born in Indiana. Mr. Frazier's mother was born in Ohio, his parents are both living, and just across the line in Mills County. He is one of seven children, five sons and two daughters, only one of the family dead, a sister of Mr. Frazier's; while he was a small boy, he always said he was going to be a stock dealer, and he worked for that all his life. First beginning by raising sheep, an uncle gave him one lamb and from this he made a start, selling the first fleece of wool for a dollar, and invested that in another lamb, and then he let out his three or four lambs to a farmer to keep on the shares, and kept on in this way till he had about 500 head, when he left Ohio. In Marion County, Iowa, Mr. Frazier and two of his brothers, Randall and William, went into partnership and rented a farm; James was only twentytwo, Randall, eighteen, and William, sixteen years old. From this time till 1878, these three brothers were in together. They farmed and fed some cattle for themselves, and some for their landlord. In this way, they learned the business of buying and feeding cattle. After coming to Mills County, they continued in the same way, only steadily increasing, and begun buying and shipping cattle and hogs, J. M. Strahan, of Malvern, Mills County, furnishing the money and getting half the profits. As they accumulated means of their own, they made use of it, and finally got enough to carry on business on their own account. In 1878, they dissolved partnership, but in the spring of 1881 James and William again went in together, and continue. William carries on the business in Nebraska, where they have bought 1,600 acres of land, besides leasing 3,400 acres of school and college lands. Of their land there, above 400 acres are fenced, and 200 in cultivation, and have cattle sheds, etc., to make a complete cattle ranch, and have on hand there now over 400 head. James Frazier tends to the business on this side of the river. He used to think that if he had a team of horses, he would be all right, but now he and his brother have thirty-nine horses, mules and colts. His leading business here is buying and shipping stock. This summer, he has fed about 550 head of hogs, and shipped about 5,000 head, and of cattle fed about 100 head and shipped 800. Randall Frazier has continued in the same business, but alone since 1878, and has made a success also, having now a section of land, joining the town of Wayne, Wayne County, Neb., which is his home. Mr. James Frazier was married in Marion County, Iowa, 1873, to Miss Mary M. Cross, who was born in Ohio. They have six children, three girls and three boys. He is Republican in politics; came to his present farm, spring of 1874. His independent farm here consists of 200 acres, well improved with fences, orchards, groves, etc.

HEESCH, Jurgen

Farmer, P. O. Council Blutfs. Mr. Jurgen Heesch was born in Germany in 1848, Holstein being his native State. He came to America in the fall of 1870, settling in Scott County, Iowa; was there about fifteen months, and then came to Mills County, where he remained for one year, and then moved to Pottawattamie County, to his present farm. His parents both died in the old country; he was educated in his native land. Was married, at Council Bluffs, Iowa, June 12, 1873, to Miss Anne Schmielan; she was born in Germany also. They have four children, four girls. He is Republican in politics. His farm consists of 240 acres, 140 in cultivation, the remainder in pasture and meadow. He bought it when it was raw prairie, paying $10 for the first eighty and $15 per acre for the last 160. His farming is general corn-raising, and feeding to his stock his leading business. When he came to this country in 1870, he had about $700, and the remainder he has made in this country.

HOLMES, James W.

Farmer, P. O. Silver City, Mills Co., Iowa. Mr. Holmes was born and raised in Tazewell County. Ill., born 1842. In 1856, his father moved to Page County, Iowa, but is now living in Council Bluffs. In 1861, Mr. Holmes went to California, and remained there for seven years. By trade he is a carpenter, and learned his trade by working with his father. While in California he was mining, and also following his trade. In coming back to Page County from California, he went the longest way round, going to South America, England, Scotland and Ireland, and back through Canada to the United States, having been more than a year on the trip. He was married, in Page County, January, 1870, to Miss Millie Worthington, who was born in Pennsylvania. They have four children, all boys. He has always been Democratic in politics. Is a member of the Masonic fraternity, joining that society in Oregon when twenty-one years old. His farming is principally raising corn and feeding to hogs. Mr. Holmes has been in Pottawattamie County for twelve years, and has been in this township ever since, and now there are only seven or eight families in this township that were living here when he came. Mr. Holmes has seen more of the world than most men of his age, and his own experience would make a volume in itself His farm consists of 120 acres.


Farmer, P. O. Council Bluffs. Mr. Husz was born in Germany January 1, 1850. He was born on the Island of Fehmarn; came to America in 1867. settling in Davenport. Iowa, and lived there till the spring of 1875; he came to this county and settled on his present farm. He was married, in Pottawattamie County in 1881, to Miss M. L. Bebensee; she was born in Germany also. They have two little children, both girls. His farm consists of 360 acres, 200 in cultivation, 160 in pasture. His farming is general, but mostly corn and stock. He is Republican in politics; his mother is still living, and in this county. Since coming here, farming has been his business, while in Davenport he was teaming. When he reached New York City, he had $5, and was seventeen years old; all that he has, he has made himself in this country. In the old country he began to hire out, and worked hard when he was only about ten years old. He has had to make his own way by hard work and perseverance.


Farmer, P. O. Living Spring. Mr. Lawson is a native of Norway, his early home being about seventy miles east of Christiana. He was born in 1834; came to America about 1853; landed at Quebec. Soon after this, came to Chicago, where he remained about six years, leaving Chicago in 1859, and went to Pike's Peak. For eight or nine years he was in the West, being in Colorado, Utah, Idaho and Portland, Oregon during the time, putting in the time mining, freighting, prospecting, and working at his trade of carpentering; came to Pottawattamie County about 1866, and has been here ever since. First, bought the present place of John Van Kirk, buying of Judge Bratton. He was married, in Mills County, Iowa, February, 1871, to Miss Viola Orr; died July 13, 1881; she was born in Ohio. He had four children, two are now living, both boys. In 1869, he moved to his present farm, and has been on it since, except one year he lived in Mills County. His farm consists of 320 acres; his principal business is raising corn and feeding. All of his farm but fifty acres is in cultivation, and good improvements. He is Republican in politics. Mr. Lawson was raised on a farm in the old country, but never followed farming till he came to Iowa. While in Chicago, he had learned the carpenter's trade, and followed that for some years. Mr. Lawson is one of the oldest settlers now living in the township. There were only six or seven houses in the township when he came, and some of them but the rudest of shanties, being mostlv situated along the old stage road. Between Keg and Silver Creeks, there was no house in this part of the county, and east of Silver, Macedonia was the nearest settlement, and Taylor Station on the north; Keg and Silver Creek Townships were in one at that time, and had only seventeen or eighteen voters.

McKENZIE, A. and D.

Farmers, P. O. Carson. Messrs. McKenzie are natives of Prince Edward's Island, Queens County. A. Mc. was born in 1845, and D. Mc. in 1849. Mr. D. Mc. came to the United States May 22, 1869, coming to Massachusetts, and thence to Iowa July 27, 1869. Mr. A. Mc. came direct to Iowa January 15, 1870. Both have been here ever since, and have been in Pottawattamie County, the first two years in Macedonia Township, and then to Silver Creek Township. January 18, 1874, they bought their present farm, it being raw prairie, paying $10.25 per acre, buying 240 acres, nearly the whole being in cultivation at present. Their principal business is raising corn and feeding to stock. Mr. A. McKenzie was married January 28, 1879, in Pottawattamie County, to Miss Rhoda Ann Jones, born in Indiana. They have one child, a boy. The McKenzie brothers received their education in Prince Edward's Island. They are Scotch descent, their parents coming from Scotland; both parents now are dead. They are Republican in politics. Mr. A. Mc. has always followed farming, but Mr. D. is a shoe-maker by trade, having served five years as an apprentice, but since coming here has followed farming all the time. Most all that they now have they have made since coming to Pottawattamie County, and have made it by farming. Mr. A. Mc. was at work for three years running the mail from Cape Traverse to Cape Tormentine, across the Straits of Northumberland. In winter, they have to carry the mail, from about the 10th of December till the 10th of May, across the ice. The mail would be put into a boat, and the men would put straps around their shoulders and draw the boat after them, where there was ice, and then, if they went through, they could catch on the boat, and use that, if there was water. Often, when the ice was good, they could make it across, the distance of nine miles, in three hours, but sometimes it would take them three days, waiting, when the sea was rough and the ice would be breaking up. Once, after they had crossed in three hours one way, and started back immediately, the ice broke up on the return, and they were floated back and forth till about 12 o'clock at night, and then landed about nine miles from home; he has seen the ice piled up thirty or forty feet above the water and as much below the water. When the ice begins to break up, they can hear it for as much as ten miles.

McKENZIE, Malcolm

Farming, P. O. Living Spring. Mr. McKenzie was born in Scotland August 8, 1834, and came to Prince Edward's Island in 1836 with his parents, who lived there as long as they lived. He came to Maine in 1853, and has lived in the United States ever since, coming to Council Bluffs in 1855, but remained there only a short time, and then went to Minnesota and followed lumbering for five vears; then went to Colorado with the gold-seekers; from here he went to Idaho, on Salmon River; then to Washington Territory, and then to Portland, Ore., where he remained for some time, and then back to Idaho, where he was mining for two years; then came back to Denver, Colo., where he remained for three years, and was engaged also in mining; then drove stage for one year from Britcher Path to Green Iliver for Wells & Fargo. In fall of 1867, October, was married at Golden City. Colo., to Miss Elizabeth Brackey, a native of Prince Edward's Island. That same fall they came to their present place, which was raw prairie, and there was not a house in sight at the time. They have five children - three boys and two girls. Mr. McKenzie was more successful in his mining than many gold-hunters. He and a partner in thirty-one days took out $17,780; but most of this was paid out for a claim which proved worthless; but striking another rich deposit, they got about $4,000 each before the season closed. Mr. McKenzie had a partner and mining interest in Colorado, and as this partner had a good chance to make a sale, Mr. McKenzie, wiio was in Idaho at the time, sent him a power of attorney. His partner made the sale for .$80,000, and left with the proceeds. Mr. McKenzie found that he was gone, and traced him to New York City, where he had managed to escape on a vessel a few hours before. Mr. McKenzie's life has been one of varied experience and of much interest, leaving his home young, and spending so much of his life in the wilds of the West. His farm consists of 250 acres. He pays attention to stock and farming, having at present about 100 head of cattle. He has been in this township long enough to see all the improvements that have been made, as there were but few shanties in the township at the time he came. He is a Democrat in politics, but votes for what he considers the best man.


Farmer. P. O. Macedonia, was born in Shelby County, Ohio, in 1831. In 1857, he moved to Illinois, and settled in Logan County, and he remained there for six years, and then returned to Ohio, and remained at home with his father for two years, and then went back to Logan County, Ill., where he stayed for one season, and then came to Iowa. In the fall of 1861, before going to Ohio, he was married, near Lincoln, Ill., to Miss Sarah J. Woods. She was born in Ohio. In the fall of 1864, he came to Mills County, and the next year came into Pottawattamie County, and has been in Silver Creek Township ever since, and is perhaps the oldest settler in the township now. In 1867, he came to his present farm. The nearest settlement to him was over four miles. The first eighty acres of land he got he traded for without ever seeing it. His farm now consists of 160 acres, well improved. He has just completed a large two-story residence, and has a bearing orchard and forest groves, etc. His farming is mixed, raising grain, also stock. He has nine children, six boys and three girls, and one son dead; he is Democratic in politics. His father, William Nisewanger, lived on the old homestead in Shelby County, Ohio, till his death, in February, 1880. Mr. Nisewanger's mother died only a few days before his father. Mr. N.'s ancestors were Germans, but his father was born in Maryland; he was educated in the common schools of Ohio, going to a log schoolhouse, with a big fire-place, and sat on puncheon seats.


Farmer, P. O. Living Spring. Mr. Ouren was born in the suburbs of Christiana, Norway, in 1835. Most of his early life was spent in Christiana, being educated there; his parents died when he was joung, and he was apprenticed to a merchant, where he served over three years; he came to this country when he was seventeen years old; he is the youngest of nine children, five of whom are dead, the other four in America, Mr. Ouren being the first to come; he landed in Quebec with $2 in his pocket, and then worked his way on to Chicago. He made Chicago his home from 1853 till 1861, but was away part of the time, being in Wisconsin, lumbering, sailing on the lakes, etc. Was married in Chicago, March 11, 1857, to Miss Aurora F. Peterson; she was born in Sweden, but had come to America when she was about ten or eleven years old. They have seven children, six sons and one daughter, all at home. The first year after coming West, they wintered in Nebraska. In the spring of 1862, they moved to Colorado, and remained there till the fiill of 1865. whenthey returned to Nebraska; spent the winter in a house belonging to Samuel Dodge. The next spring, they moved to Silver Creek Township, and have been here ever since. Mr. Ouren and Mr. Lawson bought first 300 acres together. It was the Judge Bratton farm, now owned by John Vankirk. While there, they kept stage station and farmed. This place was an old Mormon settlement, and there were still a number of their huts when they moved there, and a hewn-log hut built by the Mormons, and this was used as the first schoolhouse on Silver Creek. In the spring of 1869, he moved to his present farm, the "Living Spring" farm. Between the Big and Little Silvers there was no settler when he moved in, except J. J. Clark, till seven miles to the north, and the nearest neighbor on the east was about three and a half miles. His farm now consists of 740 acres, 160 being in Washington Township. It is all under fence, about 400 acres being under plow and tame grass, the remainder in pasture and meadow land; his farming is mostly raising corn, and feeding to cattle and hogs. Mr. Ouren has made a success, and has done it all by farming, not speculating any, and it has mostly been made in this county; he has always taken an active part in developing the township and helping its schools and improvements; he is Democratic in politics; he has been Township Treasurer for ten years, and besides has held other township offices. Mr. Ouren is one of the leading citizens in the township.


Farmer, P. O. Silver City, Mills County, born in Jefferson County, Ohio, January 27, 1830, son of George H. and Hannah (Call) Pontious; he, a mechanic, born in Pennsylvania December 12,1795,is still living in Winfield, Cowley Co., Kan.; she, born in Ohio in 1797, died in Jefferson County, same State, in 1849. They had eleven children - eight boys and three girls. Subject was educated in Jefferson County, Ohio; commenced life as a mechanic, and married in Cincinnati, Ohio, January 21, 1852, Rebecca Smith, born in Reading, Ohio, February 16, 1832, daughter of James and Margarette (Brown) Smith, he born in New Jersey in 1795, she in Philadelphia, Penn., in 1807. Mr. and Pontious have one son, Harvey W., born in Cincinnati, Ohio, November 24, 1852. and was educated in Bloomington and Lincoln, Ill. Subject is a member of the Christian Church; a Republican; has filled township offices; has been a mechanic, a farmer, stockman, real estate dealer, and is largely interested in Colorado mines; he lived in Lincoln, Ill., until 1876, when he moved to Council Bluffs; thence to this township, where he has a fine farm of 200 acres, in a good location, well improved, and feeds and deals in Short-Horn cattle and Poland-China hogs; is greatly interested in all educational matters, and has the interests of his township at heart.


Farmer, P. O. Living Spring, born in Cedar County, Mo., April 29, 1849, son of Lawrence and Mary (Froth) Rains; he, a farmer, born in Ohio in 1812, is still living on the old homestead in Mills County, which he entered in Council Bluffs in 1851; she, born in Ohio in 1820, died in Mills County, this State, in 1876, and was the mother of seven children - three girls and four boys. Subject received his education in Mills County, this State, attending school a part of the time in a log cabin; commenced life as a farmer, and married in Mills County, January 13, 1876, Johanna Wolfe, born in Mills County December 25, 1858, daughter of James and Sarah (Creech) Wolfe, she born in Kentucky, and he born in Missouri; was a member of Company A, Fourth Iowa Infantry, and died while in the army. Mr. and Mrs. Rains have four children, viz.: William Clarence, born September 12, 1876; Lavonia Alice, born October 30, 1877; Eddie H., born March 25, 1879; and Alta Pearl, born January 5, 1882. Subject was a member of the Home Guards; a Republican; lived in Mills County until 1876; bought a farm of 140 acres in 1874, partly improved, at $15 per acre; rented it for two years; moved onto it again in 1876, and greatly improved it since; set out a grove and an orchard, has good buildings, deals in stock, feeds cattle every winter and does general farming.

SMITH, James F.

Farming, P. O. Carson. Mr. Smith was born and raised in La Porte County, Ind.; born 1835; lived in Indiana till 1877; he sold out and came to Iowa, settling in Mills County, where he remained till spring of 1882, when he came to his present farm in Silver Creek Township; he had lived in La Porte County till about 1870; he went to Porter County, and lived there till he came to Iowa. He bought his present farm in 1879; but it was raw prairie, so he did not move to it till 1882. His farm consists of 250 acres, ten of it being timber land, all but about fifty being in cultivation, 140 in corn, besides wheat. He is doing considerable feeding. He was married in La Porte County, Ind., in 1856 or 1857, to Miss Sarah J. Cooper; she was also born in La Porte County. They have four children, two girls and two boys; one girl married. He is Republican in politics; farming has always been his business; he was educated in Indiana; his mother died when he was only three years old, and his father was killed when he was five, and from that time he has had to look out for himself.


Farming, P. O. Macedonia. Mr. Summers was born in Ohio in 1847. His father moved to Iowa when he was about eighteen months old; then settled in Jefferson County, Iowa, when he was about ten years old. When he was about nineteen years old, Mr. Summers went back to Illinois, where he remained about five years. He was married, in Logan County, III, 1869, to Miss Huldah Ann Wickersham. born in Indiana; they have two children, one boy and one girl; came to Pottawattamie County, Iowa, June, 1871, settling on his present farm, which was raw prairie, paying $12.50 per acre. He has a farm of 120 acres, all in cultivation. His farming is raising corn and feeding it to stock. He is Republican in politics; is one of the Township Trustees; his farm is well improved with orchards, groves and good farm buildings. When he settled on his present farm there were but three farms in the present School District, which is 2x3 miles; now it is all improved. Mr. Summers' father, William Summers, is still living, and resides in Jeflerson County, Iowa, and is in his eighty-first year.


Farming and stock, P. O. Silver City, Mills County. Mr. Vankirk, one of the oldest settlers now in Silver Creek Township, came here March, 1869; he is a native ol Washington County,Penn., and was born in 1835. Mr. Vankirk was out here and bought his present home farm in the lall of 1868, buying of O. Lawson. His farm is perhaps the oldest settled farm in the township, Mr. John Bratton settling it, Mr. Bratton getting it from David Johnson July 25, 1855; Mr. Johnson had entered it May 20, 1854. This was a stage station for a number of years on the old Des Moines and Council Blufls road, and along Silver Creek and in the woods of this farm was quite a Mormon settlement, and there is one of their burying-grounds on the place. Mr. Vankirk lived on the old home place in Pennsylvania till he moved to his present farm. He was raised on a farm, and has always made farming and stock his business. His farm, which lies part in Mills and part in Pottawattamie County, contains about 1,700 acres, on which he carries on feeding and stock-raising. Mr. Vankirk was married in Washington County, Penn., in 1856, to Miss Anne Vankirk, who was also born in the same county as Mr. Vankirk. They have three children living, two boys and one girl. He is a Democrat in politics. In the fall of 1857, Mr. Vankirk came out through this country, passing through his present farm on the stage. Mr. Vankirk's parents are still living, their home being in Mills Country, Hamilton Vaukirk being his father's name. They are about seventy years old. When he settled here there was a bridge across Silver Creek on the old stage road, and then over three miles north another, and on the south it was eight miles to another. Mr. Vankirk is one of the most sueeessfiil men in Silver Creek Township, and has one of the largest residences.

From History of Pottawattamie County, Iowa, published by O. L. Baskin & Co.