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Biographical Sketches
Pleasant Township
1883

BENEDIX, F.

Farmer, P. O. Avoca, was born in Mecklenburg, Germany, April 23, 1844; son of F. and Friedriche (Ripke) Beiiedix, both natives of Mecklenburg, Germany; he was born in November, 1810; is a cooper by trade; she, born in October, 1814. Both the parents are still living, in Rock Island County, Ill. Tbey are the parents of eight children, three sons and five daughters, of whom one son and four daughters are deceased. Our subject received his education in Scott County, this State, and started in life as a farmer, in which occupation he has since been engaged. He came to the United States in 1852, and lived in Scott County, this State, till 1865, and afterward in Illinois, until 1872, when he came to Pleasant Township, and in the following year purchased eighty acres of wild land at $10 per acre, which he built on and otherwise improved. In 1874, he bought forty acres at $10 per acre, which he also improved. He now carries on general farming. He was married in Scott County, this State, October 20, 1871, to Christina Johnson, born in Schleswig, Germany, January 23, 1848, daughter of Henry and Christina (Hull) Johnson; he, a native of Denmark, and died in 1876; she, born in NorthSchleswig, Germany. Mr. and Mrs. Benedix have nine children - Mary, Anna, Lena, Emma, Dora, Christina, Ida, Friedrich and Henry. Our subject has filled several township offices, including Constable, Road Supervisor and School Director. In religion, he is a Lutheran, and in politics a Republican. He is also a member of the A. H. T. S.


BERGMAN, A. C.

Farmer. P. O. Avoca, was born in Wehrden, in Prussia, Germany, August 24, 1833, and received his German education in his native town, but in the English language he has educated himself. He is a son of Henry and Carolina (Hesse) Bergman, natives of Wehrden, Prussia, Germany, who had a family of five sons and two daughters. Henry Bergman was born February 4, 1794; his wife, who was born in June, 1799, died April 9, 1869; they both died in their native place. In May, 1855, Mr. Bergman came to the United States, landing at New Orleans, La., and thence proceeded to St. Louis, Mo., where he remained three mouths; then went to Knox County, Ill., where he engaged in farming. He remained in Illinois for seventeen years, traveling, however, in 1865-66, in Minnesota and Missouri, and in 1870 in Kansas, looking for a suitable place to locate. In 1871, he came to Pleasant Township and bought eighty-three acres of laud at $9 per acre, improved it, and built on the place a house and other buildings. In 1872, he bought forty acres at $9 per acre, which he improved. He set out 2,000 shade trees - maples, box-elders, black walnut and Lombard poplar - and also many fruit trees, and in 1881 built a large one and a half story frame dwelling-house, 18x28 and 14x22 feet, with two porches. This is one of the finest residences in this township. At La Fayette. Stark County, Ill., December 27, 1859, he married Katy Johnson, a native of Sweden, born August 22, 1841, daughter of Peter and Catharine (Olson) Johnson, natives of Sweden; he, born March 11, 1800; she, born July 15. 1798. By this union they have one son, Edgar Augustus, born February 11, 1862. They have also an adopted daughter, Lizzie Clark, born in Jasper County, Iowa, born April 14, 1868. Mr. Bergman has held the office of Township School Director and President of the Board; was Township Trustee two years; has been Justice of the Peace five years, and still holds that office, and is a leader in township affairs. He is a member of the Catholic Church; is an A. F. & A. M.; iu politics, a Republican.


BOHLE, Wilhelm

Farmer, P. O. Avoca, was born in Waldeck, Germany, May 24, 1853, son of Friedrich and Louise (Roch) Bohle, both natives of Waldeck, Germany; he, born in December, 1823, is a cabinet-maker, and is still living; she, born in March, 1824, and died in the place of her birth iu 1880. They were the parents of five children - two sons and three daughters. Our subject went to school iu his native country, and commenced life as a farmer. He emigrated to America in 1872, and lived in Scott County, this State, for six years. He came to Pleasant Township in 1878, and purchased eighty acres of improved land at $22.50 per acre; nearly all the branches of farming claim his attention. He was married in James Township, this county, March 11, 1879, to Anna Bockenthen, born iu Holstein, Germany, November 2, 1863, daughter of C. and Dora (Bilenberg) Bockenthen, both natives of Holstein, Germany. Mr. and Mrs. Bohle have one boy, Friedrich, born September 4, 1881. In religion our subject is a Lutheran, and in politics a Republican.


BRINGOLF. Samuel

Farmer, P. O. Shelby, was born in Jasper County. Mo., August 1, 1846; son of A. and Mahala (Mann) Bringolf, who were the parents of ten children, six boys and four girls. His parents are now residing in Polk County, Iowa. A. Bringolf, subject's father, a farmer and stock-dealer by occupation, was born in Lancaster County, Penn., in 1810: his wife, a native of Indiana, was born in 1830. Subject left Missouri with his parents in 1855, after being one-half a year in Warren County, and came to Polk County, Iowa, where he received his education, and where he engaged in the stock business, and was also a merchant in Des Moines for one and a half years. In 1879, he moved to Shelby County, Iowa, where he had the previous year bought 160 acres of wild land at $9.50 per acre, aud, after improving the land, setting out 1,000 shade trees and planting over 100 fruit trees, sold the place in November, 1881, at $35 per acre. He then bought his present place in Pleasant Township, consisting of 167 acres, for which he paid $40 per acre. On the place are a one and a half story frame house 16x30 feet, and a large barn 40x50 feet. Mr. Bringolf has devoted the greater part of his time to the stock business, but for the last five years has followed general farming. At Des Moines, Iowa, May 20, 1874, he married Caroline Woods, born in Ohio, September 17, 1855, daughter of H. M. and Lotta (Boyd) Woods, he born in Pennsylvania in 1820; she born in Maryland in 1822. By this union they have had three sons. Mr. Bringolf held several township offices while in Polk County. Iowa. He is a Democrat, and a member of the A. F. & A. M., I. O. O. F., I. O. L. aud A. O. U. W.


BROWN, C. H.

Farmer, P. O. Avoca, is a native of Hubbardston, Worcester Co., Mass., born June 3, 1822, and is a son of J. M. and Kate (Upham) Brown, who were the parents of two sons and one girl. J. M. Brown, who was a shoemaker by trade, was born in Worcester County, Mass., in 1788, aud died in Windham County, Vt., October 12, 1861; his wife, who was born in Hubbardston, Worcester Co., Mass., June 9, 1802, died in Knox County, Ill., in 1872. Subject was educated in Wmdham County, Vt., aud began life as a farmer, which occupation he has since followed. In 1826, he left Massachusetts and went with his parents to Vermont, where he remained till 1864, when he came West and settled in Knox County, Ill., where he farmed for eight years, then came by rail to Pleasant Township in the spring of 1882. Here he bought eighty acres of wild land at $8 per acre; improved it, set out three acres of forest trees and one acre of an orchard containing apple, cherry, peach, pear and plum trees, and all kinds of small fruits. In 1874, he bought forty acres of wild land at $7 per acre, aud devotes his attention to general farming. All his shade trees were raised from the seed. He has been Township Trustee, is a member of the Presbyterian Church, and is, in polities, a Republican.


BRUENE, Christian

Farmer, P. O. Shelby, was born in Waldeck, Germany, September 20, 1839; son of William and Louise (Schnave) Bruene, both natives of Waldeck, Germany; he, born in 1813, is a carpenter and farmer; she was born in 1807. They are both still living in their native country. They were the pareuts of five children, three sons and two daughters. Our subect received his schooling in his native land, and started in life as a farmer. He came to this country in 1869, and lived in Scott County, this State. He came to Pleasant Township in 1874, and purchased eighty acres of land at $8 per acre. He returned to Davenport, where he remained one year, and then came back and improved his land. In 1882, he bought 100 acres at $17 per acre. Silver Creek runs through his present place, which is given to general farming. He was married, in Pleasant Township June 17, 1876, to Augusta Messerschmidt, boru in the Province of Posen, Germany, August 27, 1849, daughter of Gottlieb and Henrietta Messerschmidt, both natives of Posen, Germany, he born in 1822, and she in 1826. Mr. and Mrs. Bruene have one child - Minnie, born November 2, 1881. In religion, our subject is a Lutheran, aud iu politics a Republican.


BUCKLEY, William

Farmer, P. O. Shelby, was born in Huntingdon County, Penn., July 19, 1834; son of Jacob and Elizabeth (Booher)Buckley, natives of Huntingdon County, Penn. Jacob Buckley, who was a farmer, was born May 11, 1807, and died July 13, 1878, in Fulton County, Penn., where his wife, who was born April 10, 1810, died also, September 15, 1855; they were the parents of eight sons and two daughters. Mr. Buckley received a good education in the schools of Fulton County, Penn., and began farming on his father's farm, where he remained till he was twenty-five years of age. In Franklin County, Penn., January 26, 1860, he married Nancy W. Campbell, a native of that county, born April 4, 1832, daughter of Robert and Jane (Linn) Campbell, also natives of Franklin County, Penn., he born February 16, 1798, she born in 1800. By this union they have been blessed with four children, two of whom are deceased - Asbury Wilbur (deceased), John Emory (deceased), William Brewster and Charles Everlett. September 26, 1864, Mr. Buckley enlisted for one year's service in Company H, Ninety-third Pennsylvania Veteran Volunteer Infantry, under Capt. J. H. Johnson; was wounded in the battle before Petersburg, and was discharged near Washington, D. C., June 20, 1865. In 1866, he moved to Carroll County, Ill., where he followed farming till 1872, then moved to Iowa, and, after staying one year in Shelby, came to this township. Here he had, in 1870, bought eighty-six acres of wild land at $10 per acre; moved onto the land in 1873, set out trees, and built a frame house 18x28 feet by 16 feet in height, and other buildings. Mr. Buckley was Justice of the Peace of this township in 1872, and has filled other minor township offices. He is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and of the A. O. U. W., and in politics is a Republican.


COOPER, E. P.

Farmer, P. O. Shelby, born May 6, 1837, in Beverly, Ohio, son of John and Frances (Petty) Cooper; he. a farmer, born in England, December 4, 1806, is still living in Marion, Linn County, this State; she, born April 16. 1809, in Tennessee, is still living in Linn County. They have had ten children, seven boys and three girls. Subject went to school in Ohio, commenced life as a farmer, and married, on August 22, 1861, in Ohio, Mary E. Brabham, born in Loudoun County,W. Va., September 19, 1843, daughter of Thomas Jefferson and Martha (Stevenson) Brabham, he, born in West Virginia June 30, 1818; she, in Loudoun County, W. Va., September 14, 1820. Mr. and Mrs. Cooper have two children, viz., Flora E., born April 20, 1864, and Willmer, born April 29, 1867. Subject is a Republican, an A. H. T. S., and came from Ohio to Linn County, this State, in 1859; went to Illinois in 1868, from there to this township in 1872, bought 160 acres of wild land at $9 per acre; went back to Illinois, lived there two years, returned to this township in 1874, built a house and other buildings himself, set out a number of trees, and has the farm almost all under cultivation.


DAVIS, Joshua

Farmer, P. O. Avoca, was born in Fayette County, Penn., January 16, 1848, and is a son of G. W. and Mary (Gibson) Davis, natives of Fayette County, Penn., who both died in Pleasant Township, this county. G. W. Davis was born February 14, 1819. and died October 7, 1871; his wife, who was born July 20, 1816, died December 7, 1881. They had eight children, three boys and five girls. Subject received his education at Newtown, this county, and has always been a farmer. He came to this township with his parents, and has been on the farm ever since. He now owns the home farm of 180 acres, of which sixty-five acres are broken; there is running water on the farm, which is well adapted to stock-raising purposes, and on which he carries on general farming. His two brothers and five sisters are Michael J., William A., Martha, Mary, Sarah, Esther and Louisa. Mary A. Patterson, an adopted girl, is also a member of the family. Mr. Davis is a Republican.


DIRGO, John

Farmer, P. O. Avoca, was born in Germany June 18, 1832; son of George and Katharine Dirgo, both natives of Germany, he born in 1816 and died in 1876; she born in 1808 and died in 1872. Both died in their native country. They were the parents of three children, two boys and a girl. Our subject received his schooling in his native country, and has been a farmer all his life. He came to the United States in 1855, and was married, in the fall of that year, in New York City, in which place he had landed, to Anna Mary Henn, born in Germany in November, 1830, daughter of John and Katharine (Wilberan) Henn, both natives of Germany, he born in 1792, she in 1800. Our subject lived in New York State, near Troy, for fourteen years. He came to Scott County, this State, in 1868, where he farmed until coming to Pleasant Township in 1875, where he purchased 120 acres of wild land at $12.50 per acre. He has made improvements, including a one and a half story frame house, 16x24. He now carries on farming in nearly all its branches. He has four children - John, Katie, George and Charlie, who are aged respectively twenty-seven, twenty-five, twenty-two and twenty years. In religion our subject is a Catholic, and in politics a Republican.


FRUM, Joseph

Farmer, P. O. Shelby, was born in Monongalia County, W. Va., December 15, 1819, son of Samuel and Catharine (Bland) Frum, natives of Berkeley County, W. Va. Both the parents died in Monongalia County, W. Va., he April 28, 1856, she born in 1792, and died in January, 1874. They were farmers, and the parents of eight children, three sons and five daughters. Our subject received his schooling in his native county, and has been engaged in farming all of his life. He was married, in his native county, December 24, 1844, to Mary Boyd, born in the same place September 14, 1819, daughter of William and Margaretta Boyd, both of whom are deceased. Mr. and Mrs. Frum have eight children - Samuel B., Catharine, Joseph Ezra and John N. (twins), Vian, Anna, Christopher C. and George D. Our subject was engaged in farming before he left his native State. He came to Iowa in the fall of 1868, and to Pleasant Township in 1872. He purchased 320 acres of wild land at $8.50 per acre, and improved it. At one time he and his sons owned 1,300 acres, which they divided, and now our subject has 160 acres, which he improved years ago by setting out 2,000 shade and 225 fruit trees. In 1875, he built a large one and a half story frame house, 16x24, with large kitchen and cellar. He has retired from active farm work, the place being run by his son, George D., who also owns 160 acres adjoining on the west. Our subject has filled township offices in his native State, and has been School Director in Pleasant Township. From 1861 to 1863, he was in the employ of the Government. In politics, he is a Republican.


FRUM, S. B.

Farmer, P. O. Shelby, born in Monongalia County, Va., September 22, 1844, son of Joseph and Mary Jane (Boyd) Frum, both born in Monongalia County, W. Va., in 1818, are still living on their farm in this township. They are the parents of five boys and three girls. Subject was educated in Monongalia County, Va.; is self-educated; commenced life as an engineer, following that business for two years, when he came to this State iu 1867, where he commenced farming; married in Avoca, this State, January 8, 1879, Anna G. Aldrich, born in Montrose, Lee Co., this State, August 28, 1859, daughter of P. J. and Melissa R. (Peck) Aldrich, both born in Berkshire County, Mass.; he, August 15. 1823. Mr. and Mrs. Frum have one child, Edwin Joseph, born October 23, 1879. Mrs. Frum is a member of the Episcopal Church ; her husband is a Republican, a Knight Templar, a member of the Legion of Honor, been Township Clerk for seven years. School Treasurer for eight years, a member of the Board of Supervisors for three years; enlisted August 14, 1862, in Company C, Fourteenth West Virginia Infantry (Capt. O. P. Jolliffe); was in the battles at Cloyd Mountain, Lynchburg, with Sheridan in the Shenandoah Valley, wounded July 20 at Winchester, was a color bearer in his regiment for three years. He came to Poweshiek County, this State, in 1867; to this township in 1871; bought 320 acres of wild land in partnership with his brothers and father at $8 per acre; they improved the land, divided it and subject got 80 acres as his share; since then he has bought four other tracts of eighty acres each, one of which was improved, paying, on an average, $15 per acre.


GRONE, John F.

Farmer, P. O. Minden, is a native of Bremen, Germany, born October 14, 1823, only son of John F. and Christina (Angustiue) Grone, natives of Hanover, Germany; he, a tailor by trade, born December 29, 1797, went, in 1836, to New York City, where he died July 18, 1845; his wife died in her native country. Subject received his German education in his native city, and was educated in the English language in Duane Street School in New York City, to which city he came in 1837. He worked at the tailor's trade in New York, and, in 1847, moved to Wisconsin, where he followed farming, and where he was a township officer for twenty-five years. In 1873, he came to this township, bought 136 acres of land at $8 per acre, and the same day bought another tract of 136 acres at $9 per acre, which latter tract he sold in 1878 at $16 per acre. He has improved the first 136 acres; has set out an orchard of 106 trees and has a three-acre grove. He keeps Berkshire hogs and raises good stock generally. Mr. Grone has been twice married. In New York, March 4, 1844, he married Johanne K. Albertus, who died August 31, 1847, and in Honey Creek, Sauk Co., Wis., December 26, 1849, he married Wilhelmina Albertus, born in Germany August 11, 1834. Mrs. Grone is a daughter of Carl H. and Christiana (Becker) Albertus. natives of Germany; he, born May 16, 1801, she born May 14, 1799. Mr. Grone has nine children - Johanna Carolina, Christina Augustina, John F., Carolina, Mary M., Arthur N., Wilhelm H., George W. and Franz Joseph. He is a member of the German Evangelical Association; he votes the Republican ticket.


GROSS, Dominick

Farmer, P. O. Avoca, was born in Alsace, France, April 21, 1848, son of Dominick and Mary Ann (Ledolph) Gross, also natives of Alsace, France, and parents of eight children, four boys and four girls. Dominick Gross - subject's father - who was by trade a cabinet-maker, was born in 1822, and died in Avoca, this county, November 20, 1880; his wife, who is still living in Pleasant Township, this county, was born in 1824. In 1853, subject came to the United States with his parents; landed at New Orleans, La., and thence went to Le Claire, Scott County, Iowa. He received a good education in the schools of Le Claire, Iowa, and began the business of life as a farmer, and has since pursued that occupation. He remained in Le Claire till 1870, then moved to Butler Township, Scott County, Iowa, and after remaining there two years, came to Pleasant Township May 7, 1872. Here he has bought eighty acres of wild land at $8.50 per acre, in 1871, and improved the place. In 1877, he built a one-story house, 16x22 feet, and in 1882 erected a new two-story dwelling, 16x28 feet, at a cost of $1,000. On his farm he has a grove of two acres of shade trees, consisting of maples, box-elders and cottonwoods, and has also an orchard containing eighty trees. In this township, April 17, 1877, he married Josephine Weiseman, born in Princeton, Scott Co., Iowa, October 22, 1858, daughter of John and Barbara (Goelf) Weiseman; he, a native of Bavaria, Germany; she, also a native of Germany, born July 24, 1832. By this union they have been blessed with three children - Mary, born April 24, 1879; George, born May 19, 1831, and Charley, born June 29, 1882. Mr, Gross has held the office of Constable in this township; he is a member of the Catholic Church; is a member of the A. H. T. S., and in politics is a Democrat.



GROSS, Mary Ann

Avoca, is a native of Alsace, Germany, born August 2, 1823, only child of Joseph and Mary Anna (Gaettli) Gross, natives of Alsace, Germany, where they both died. Her father was a shoemaker by trade; was born in 1771 and died in 1847. Subject received her education in her native town in Alsace, Germany, where she was married May 7, 1846, to Dominick Gross, a carpenter by trade, born in 1822, son of John and Regina (Kaelin) Gross, natives of Alsace, Germany. They resided in Scott County, Iowa, from 1853 to 1873, farming there for seven years, the remainder of the time residing in Le Claire, that county, where Mr. Gross followed his trade. In 1873, they removed to this county and settled in this township, where Mr. Gross bought 160 acres of land at $8.50 per acre; in 1876, bought 160 acres at $10 per acre, and, in 1877, 160 acres at $10 per acre. Mr and Mrs. Gross were blessed with seven children - Dominick, Joseph, John, Delia, Helena, Julia and George. They also took two children to raise - Michael Morrison and Maggie Senn. The boys have improved the farm, and two of them - Joseph and John - have bought 160 acres of land, paying $17 per acre for forty acres and for the remaining 120 acres $20 per acre. The home farm is well improved; there is a good dwelling house and a large number of trees on the place. Mrs. Gross is a member of the Catholic Church.


HAGEDORN, Chris

Farmer, P, O. Shelby, was born in Holstein, Germany, January 1, 1838, son of Detlef and Katharina Hagedorn, both natives of Holstein, Germany, he, born November 5, 1805, and is still living in his native country, a farmer by occupation; she, born in 1815, and died in the place of her birth in 1864. They were the parents of four children, three sons and one daughter. Our subject received his education in his native land. His knowledge of English he acquired himself. He served two years, 1860-01, in the Danish Army at Copenhagen, and afterward turned his attention to farming. He was married in Holstein, Germany, March 1, 1862, to Sophia Grote, born in that province in 1829, daughter of Henry and Katharina (Ronfeld) Grote, both natives of Holstein, Germany, he, born in 1805, and she in the same year. Mr. and Mrs. Hagedorn have seven children - Dora, Henry, Lewis, Clara, Minnie, Johnny and Laura. Our subject came to the United States in the spring of 1863, and came to Davenport, this State, where he lived for nine years, after which he lived in Council Bluffs for two years. He came to Pleasant Township in 1874, and purchased 120 acres of wild land at $9 per acre, which he improved; setting out four acres in trees and an orchard. In 1879, he bought 147 acres of wild laud at $11.50 per acre. He now has a fine farm, which contains good buildings and other improvements. He carries on farming in nearly all its branches. In religion, he is a Lutheran, and in politics a Democrat. He is also an I. O. O. F., Lodge No. 423.


HARDER, Jacob

Farmer, P. O. Avoca, was born in Mecklenburg, Germany, June 17, 1825; son of Jacob and Mary (Jurden) Harder, both natives of Mecklenburg, Germany, where they also died. They were the parents of three children, of whom our subject is the only boy and the only one of the children now living. He received his education in his native country, and began life as a farmer. He was married in his native country, in October, 1853, to Mary Hoppner, born December 28, 1826, in Mecklenburg, Germany, daughter of Christian and Mary (Laasch) Hoppner, both natives of Mecklenburg, Germany. Mr. and Mrs. Harder have five children - Christina, Sophia, Mary, Charley and William. Our subject came to theUnited States iu 1857, and located near Chicago. He came to Pleasant Township iu the spring of 1874, and purchased 320 acres of wild land at $8 per acre, selling one hnndred acres at $19 per acre in 1881. He bought 240 acres at $12 per acre. His present farm of 460 acres is well improved, and a fine stock and grain farm. He set out a grove, and at present engages in general farming. He has filled several township offices. In religion, he is a Lutheran, and in politics a Republican.


HEESCH, John

Farmer, P. O. Avoca, was born iu Holstein. Germany, September 21, 1843, son of Hans and Anna (Timm) Heesch; both natives of Holstein, Germany, he, born in 1817, and died in 1855; she, born in 1819, and died as did her husband also, in their native country. They were farmers, and the parents of six children, five sons and one daughter. Our subject received his education in his native country, and started in life as a farmer. He came to the United States in 1865, and lived in Davenport, this State, for eight years. Here he was married, June 5, 1869, to Wilhelmina Freese, born in Waldeck, Germany, April 23, 1849, daughter of Friedrich and Wilhelmina (Roch) Freese, both natives of Waldeck, Germany. Mr. and Mrs. Heesch have five children - Anna, Louisa, Katharina, John and Wilhelmina. Our subject came to Pleasant Township in 1873, and purchased 160 acres of wild land at $8 per acre. In 1875, he added eighty acres of wild land at $12.50 per acre. He set out a grove of two acres, an orchard of 140 trees, and has made many other substantial improvements, including good farm buildings. He carries on general farming. In religion, he is a Lutheran, and in politics a Republican. He is at present Road Supervisor.


HORST. Claus

Farmer, P. O. Avoca, was born in Holstein, Germany, March 20, 1830, son of Ehler and Anna (Stauben) Horst, natives also of Holstein, Germany: he, born in 1802, was a wood-carver, and died June 6, 1874. in Pleasant Township; she, born in 1801, and died in her native province in September, 1856. They were the parents of seven children - five sons and two daughters. Our subject received his education in his native country, and carpentering was his first occupation. He was married, April 14, 1858, in Holstein. Germany, to Lena Alpen, born in that province April 19, 1826, daughter of Marx and Katharina Alpen, natives of Holstein, Germany; he, born in 1790; she, in 1794. Our subject worked at carpentering until 1863, when he turned his attention to farming. He was in the Danish Army for over two years; was a soldier in 1850, and took part in the battle of Idstadt and other engagements. He came to the United States iu 1863, and lived ten years in Scott County, this State. He came to Pleasant Township in 1874 and purchased 160 acres of wild land at $8 per acre. He set out two and one-half acres in shade trees, one acre in an orchard, and otherwise improved the place. In 1875, he bought forty acres at $11 per acre, and in the following year sixty-seven acres at $9 per acre. He now has 267 acres of well-improved land. He erected a large house iu 1881. He has four children - Ehler, born May 2, 1859; Marcus, born Juue 22, 1860; Henry, born December 25, 1864; and Lena, born May 26, 1865. Our subject has filled several township offices, including School Director and Road Supervisor. In religion he is a Lutheran, and politics a Republican.


KANE, Mike

Farmer, P. O. Avoca, born in Cook County, Ill., September 20, 1853, son of John and Katharina (Cody) Kane. both natives of County Clare, Ireland; he, born June 14, 1814, and is still living in Pleasant Township; she, born iu June, 1814, and died iu James Township, this county. They were the parents of eight children, of whom four sons and one daughter are still living. Our subject received his schooling in Cook County, Ill., near Chicago, and has been engaged iu farming all his life. He came to this State in 1865, and lived in Scott, Cedar and Clinton Counties, coming to this county in 1873, and lived in James Township for four years. In 1882, he purchased 160 acres of partly improved land at $20 per acre. He erected a large house, and has otherwise improved the place. He engages in general farming. He was married, November 27, 1879, in Avoca, to Delia Gross, born in Le Claire, Scott County, this State, in December, 1854, daughter of Dominick and Mary A. (Ledolph) Gross, natives of Alsace, Germany; he, born in 1822; she, in 1824. Mr. and Mrs. Kane have one child, John Edward, born January 15, 1882. In religion our subject is a Catholic, and in politics a Democrat.


KEIL, J. L.

Farmer and inventor, P. O. Shelby, was born in Clayton County, this State, November 16, 1857, son of John and Felizidas (Santy) Keil. The father was born on the Atlantic Ocean, whilst his mother was on her way to the United States, March 8, 1834. He is a farmer, and is living in Pleasant Township. The mother of our subject was born April 3, 1839, near the Rhine, in Germany, and died in Polk County, this State, July 28, 1871. They were the parents of four children, three sons and one daughter. Our subject went to school in Polk County, this State, and began life as a farmer. He came to this county in March, 1878, and has lived in Knox, Valley and Pleasant Townships. His two brothers and sister are living - Solomon Abraham, born in Clayton County, this State, August 10, 1866; Edward L., born in Polk County, this State, October 29, 1869; and Mabel, born in Sauk County, Wis., September 25, 1860. Our subject is an evangelist, and will continue to engage in that work. He is also at present working on a "self-feeding" threshing-machine, for which he has applied for a patent. Mr. Keil is a member of the M. E. Church, and also the Greenwood Lodge of Good Templars. In politics, he is a Republican.


LAGE, Jochim

Farmer, P. O. Shelby, Shelby County, was born in April,1842, in Schonberg, Holstein, Germany, where also his parents, A. and Katharina (Horst) Lage, were born, and there they died. A. Lage was born in 1816, and died September 9, 1878; his wife died in 1844. They had five children - four boys and one girl. Subject received his education at Schonberg and Goorden, near Kiel, Holstein, Germany, and was a Government forester for nine years. In 1869, he left his native country and came to America, landing at New York; thence he came to Davenport, Iowa, where he followed farming till 1872; then moved to Benton County, Iowa, remained there a year; then went to Shelby County, Iowa. After remaining in Shelby County one year, he came to Pleasant Township in 1876, and in 1879, bought eighty acres of land there at $12.50 per acre. The place is improved and there is a fine grove of trees around the house. Mr. Lage carries on general farming. At Davenport, Iowa, February 14, 1877, he married Bertha K. Wiese, born November 6, 1857, daughter of Peter and Bertha (Stoltenberg) Wiese, natives of Germany. By this union they have had two children - Miua Ottelle, born March 14, 1879, and Peter Alfred, born July 26, 1880. Peter Wiese, Mrs. Lage's father, was born ui Schonberg-Holsteiu, Germany, in 1826, and served as Sergeant during the Schleswig-Holstein war of 1848-51, participating in the battles of Duppler and Friederichstadt. Mr. Lage has always been a Republican.


LANE, Patrick

Farmer, P. O. Shelby, Shelby County, was born in County Limerick, Ireland, son of John and Honora (McCarty) Lane, natives of County Kerry, Ireland. John Lane was born in 1799, was a farmer by occupation, and died in County Limerick, Ireland, in 1850. His wife died in New York City They had two sons and two daughters, and of this family one son is deceased. Mr. Lane was educated in Ireland, and began life as a farmer. which occupation he followed in his native country. In 1847, he came to the United States, came to Clinton County in 1849, and the following year went to Tennessee, where he worked in the tunnel at Tunnel Hill, and while working there saved the life of a fellow-workman - an act which he considers the best of his life. Returning to Iowa in 1851, he bought 320 acres of land in Clinton County at $1.25 per acre, sold one-half of the land for $6.15 per acre, invested the proceeds in stock, and succeeded well in all his undertakings. He was a foreman on the North- Western Railway for some time. In 1874, he came to Pleasant Township where, in January. 1872, he had bought of J. P. Casady and Mr. Haas, of Council Bluflfs, 640 acres of wild land at S6.50 cash per acre. He at the same time owned 200 acres in Clinton County, one of the best farms in that county, which he sold in May, 1874, for $9,500 cash, then moved to his section in this township. In 1874, he bought 830 acres of wild land at $9.50 cash per acre; in 1881, bought 80 acres of wild land adjoining the home farm at $16 cash per acre, and he now owns 1,550 acres of laud, all clear of incumbrance, one of the finest stock or grain farms in the county. The Big Silver Creek runs through the farm, one-half of which is valley. The farm is located four and a half miles west of Avoca, and two and three-fourths south of Shelby. Mr. Lane carries on general farming, and frequently goes to Chicago to buy cattle. At Lyons, Clinton Co., Iowa, November 14, 1853, he married Mary Shannon, born in County Clare, Ireland, in March, 1832. daughter of Michael and Mary (Neylon) Shannon, natives of County Clare, Ireland, he born in 1796, she in 1806. By this union, they have been blessed with the following children: James, Patrick Henry, Mary, Margueretta, Katy and John (deceased). In politics, Mr. Lane is a Democrat, but conservative in his views.

 
LEIGH, William

Farmer, P. O. Shelby, was born in Somersetshire, England, October 2, 1831, son of Thomas and Jestina (Cox) Leigh, natives of Somersetshire, England, he, born August 24, 1804, was a merchant, and died, as did his wife also, in the land of their birth. The father died in 1875. They were the parents of seven children, three sons and four daughters. Our subject received a good education in Taunton, England. He came to the United States in 1855, landing in New York. He lived in Connecticut for two years, where he clerked in a grocery store in Bridgeport, that State. He came to Johnson County, this State, in 1857, and was a merchant in Iowa City for eight years. He came to Pleasant Township in 1875, aud purchased 160 acres of land at $12.50 per acre. He built a one-and-a-half-story frame house, 32x16, 16x20 and 10x16, set out a grove, and built a large barn and other buildings. He has a farm in Shelby County of 220 acres, aud one in Harrison County of 240 acres. He carries on general farming aud deals in stock and grain. He was married, in Bridgeport, Conn., June 16, 1856, to Johanna Doray, born on the Isle of Jersey, England, April 20, 1828, daughter of John and Harriet (Winsey) Doray, he born on the Isle of Alderney, England, June 20, 1801, she born in Guernsey, England, September 19, 1803. Mr. and Mrs. Leigh have three children - Thomas Doray, born May 31, 1857; Alfred Henry, February 28, 1865, and Ada Eliza, November 6, 1866. In religion, our subject is an Episcopalian, and in politics he is a Republican.


LIPPOLD, F. W.

Farmer, P. O. Hancock, was born in Davenport, Iowa, January 1, 1856, son of William and Hannah C. (Burecamper) Lippold, natives of Prussia, Germany, and the parents of seven children, five sons and two daughters. William Lippold, who is a farmer by occupation, is still living in Pleasant Township, where his wife died in June, 1878. Our subject received his education in the schools of Davenport and Le Claire Township, Scott County, Iowa, and began life as a farmer. In November, 1872, he came to this township, bought 160 acres of wild land at $9 per acre in 1880, and has improved the place, erecting on it a frame dwelling-house one and a half stories, 16x24 feet, besides other buildings, and has set out a good orchard. He devotes his attention to general farming; he also runs a threshing-machine. At Avoca, Iowa, January 1, 1880, he married Hannah C. Stoffels, born August 25, 1863, in Holstein, Germany, daughter of M. and Mary (Jacobson) Stoftels, he a native of Prussia, she of Holstein, Grermany. By this marriage, they have one son - Florenz, born April 22, 1881. Mr. Lippold is a Democrat.


MANNING, Gilbert

Farmer, P. O. Avoca, was born in Clinton County, N. Y., April 19, 1840, and is a son of Edgar and Sallie (Thew) Manning, who is still living in Clinton County, N. Y. Edgar Manning, a farmer by occupation, was born in Vermont December 23, 1817; his wife was born in Clinton County, N. Y., August 19, 1817; they had a family of two sons. Mr. Manning was educated at Peru, Clinton Co., N. Y., and taught school three years, and has since devoted his attention to farming. He left New York February 20, 1878, came to Pleasant Township April 10, that year, and bought 160 acres of improved land at $21.87-1/2 per acre. He sold that place February 27, 1882 for $30 per acre and bought his present farm of 200 acres of improved land at $30 per acre. His farm, which is one of the finest in the township, is well supplied with living water, is well adapted for stock-raising or for raising grain, and is situated two miles west of Avoca on the main road from the east to Council Bluffs. He carries on general farming. At Peru, Clinton Co., N. Y., November 27, 1866, he married Rachel Muzzy, born in Saranac, Clinton Co., N. Y., July 12, 1842, daughter of Milton and Esther (Nichols) Muzzy, he born in Vermont December 15, 1811, she born in Essex County, N. Y., August 17, 1811. Mr. Mannning was Justice of the Peace in New York for four years. He is a member of the Methodist Church and an A. F. & A. M., Peru Lodge. No. 281, Peru, N. Y., and in politics is a Republican.


McCANDLESS, Philip Sydney

Farmer, P. O. Shelby, was born in Washington County, Penn., December 15, 1844, son of Alexander and Wanzy (Scott) McCandless, he a miller and farmer, born in Pennsylvania in 1813, died in Douglas County, Kan., March, 1882; she, born in Washington County, Penn., in 1812, died there in 1850. They had seven children, four boys and three girls. Subject received his education in Henry County, Ill., commenced life as a farmer, and married in Rock Island County, Ill., February 12, 1879, Nellie J. Morgan, born August 30, 1857, in Shropshire. England, daughter of Thomas and Emma (Timmis) Morgan, both born in Shropshire, England in 1827. Mr. and Mrs. McCandless have one child - Guy Sydney, born May 7, 1881. Subject is a Presbyterian, a Democrat, a member of the A. H. T. S.; been School Director, Justice of the Peace, and enlisted March 18, 1865, in Company E, Eightenth Illinois Infantry (Capt. Brewer), and got an honorable discharge in February, 1866. He went to Illinois in 1854, living there until he was twenty-five years old, when he came to Pleasant Township in 1869, buying 160 acres at $8.50 per acre, went back to Illinois, the next year, came back to this township again and broke eighty acres of land, when he went back again on July 1, but returned in the spring of 1871 and improved the farm; there is an orchard and fine grove on the place. He went to Colorado in 1877 with the intention of mining, but returned the same year. He does general farming and has a good farm.


NIPPERT, George

Farmer, P. O. Minden, was born in Alsace, Germany, March 11, 1819,son of Jacob and Eva Elizabeth (Lisher) Nippert, natives of Alsace, Germany, and parents of five sons and two daughters. Jacob Nippert, who was a farmer by occupation, was born in January, 1784, and died in Monroe County, Ohio, August 31, 1844: his wife, who was born in 1784, is still living in Ohio. Our subject received his education in his native country, and acquired the English language without a teacher. His first occupation was that of a blacksmith. He came to the United States in 1837. and lived three years in Pittsburgh, Penn., three years in Ohio, when he went to Freeport, Ill., where he remained until 1847, in which year he removed to Wisconsin, where he resided until he came to Pleasant Township in 1874. He purchased 160 acres of wild land at $8 per acre. He set out a two-acre grove, 240 fruit trees and otherwise improved the place. He has a good house, and carries on farming in its various branches. He was married in Monroe County, Ohio, November 27, 1842, to Sarah Hirchinger, born in Alsace, Germany August 11, 1821, daughter of Michael and Sarah (Bay) Hirchinger, natives also of Alsace, Germany, he born in 1784, she in 1795. Mr. and Mrs. Nippert had nine children, of whom one - Sarah, is deceased. Those living are Caroline, Michael, Lizzie E., Henry W., Rosanna K., Jacob, Emma E. and Charles E. Our subject has filled township offices in Sauk County, Wis., and has been Township Trustee in Pleasant Township, In politics, he is a Republican.


PARKER, J. F.

Farmer, P. O. Shelby, was born in Vermont September 27, 1837, son of Abel and Fanny (Farnsworth) Parker; he, a farmer and mason, born in New England October 6, 1790, died in Lake County, Ill., March, 1857, she also died in Lake County, Ill. They had a family of five boys and two girls. Subject is self-educated, commenced life as a carpenter and married in Newton, Jasper County, this State, September 18, 1862, Nellie Bettise, born December 22, 1842, in Detroit, Mich., daughter of John and Malizann (Cook) Bettise, he born in New England October 5, 1798, she in St. Lawrence County, N. Y., February 7, 1804. Mr. and Mrs. Parker have two children, viz., Almer A. Clifton and Blanche M. Edith. Subject is a carpenter as well as farmer; has been Township School Treasurer and held other offices, is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, is a Republican, a member of the Grange; and came from Jasper County to this township in 1874; bought eighty acres of wild land for $8 per acre, built a one and one-half story frame house on it 14x22 feet, with a kitchen 14x22 feet, costing in all $800, besides other buildings, all built by himself. Mrs. Parker's father went through the war of 1812 with Capt. Tanner.


PEDICORD, A. D.

Farmer. P. O. Shelby, born in Morgan County, Ohio, October 23, 1836; son of Thomas and Susannah (Crossen) Pedicord; he, a farmer, born in Maryland in 1806, is still living on the old homestead in Morgan County, Ohio; she, born in Ireland in 1801, still lives on the old homestead. They have had six children, three boys and three girls. Subject went to school in Morgan County, Ohio, commenced life by running on the Ohio and Muskingum Rivers from Zanesville to Pittsburgh, from 1856 till 1865, and married his first wife on the old homestead in Morgan County, Ohio, January 23, 1855, Sarah Brabham, born in Loudoun County, W, Va., in 1841, daughterof T. J. and Martha (Stevenson) Brabham, both born in West Virginia; he, June 30, 1818; she, September 14, 1820. Mrs. Pedicord died September 2, 1869. Subject was married the second time in Henry County, III., January 18, 1870, his present wife being a member of the Presbyterian Church. He is a Democrat, a Freemason, a member of the A. H. T. S., and is the father of the following children: Thomas J., Mary Ann, Martha Susanna, Elizabeth Edna, John and Ella Bell, who died August 8, 1878. Subject was tax clerk in Illinois, Assessor for this township, and filled several school offices for a number of years. He left Ohio in the fall of 1864, going to Rock Island County, III., farming there eight years, came to this township in the spring of 1872, bought 160 acres of wild land at $9 per acre, improved it, built a house and outbuildings, set out 2.000 shade and 300 fruit trees, which are in bearing condition, besides small fruits, bought forty acres of wild land at $7.50 per acre, from the Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific Railroad Company, bought forty acres of improved laud at $15 per acre, from John K. Cooper, Company Superintendent, and 130 acres also improved at $22.75. He built a fine two story residence in 1882, 18x28 feet and 18x18 feet with bay window, which cost $1,600.


ROCK, William V.

Farmer, P. O. Avoca, is a native of Waldeck, Germany, born March 19, 1851, son of Frederick and Louisa (Schnane) Rock, natives of Waldeck, Germany. Frederick Rock was born September 26, 1818, is a farmer by occupation, his permanent residence being in his native country, though he is at present on a visit to the United States; his wife, born in 1822, died in Waldeck, Germany, in 1865; they had eight children, five boys and three girls. Subject left Germany in 1866, came to this country, and settled in Scott County, Iowa. He received his education in Germany, and in Scott County, Iowa, and began life as a farmer, which occupation he has since pursued. In the spring of 1874, he came to Pleasant Township where he had the previous year bought 160 acres of wild land at $9 per acre, improved the place and broke eighty acres in 1874. He set out 2,000 shade and fruit trees, built a house and farm buildings, and, in 1880 erected a more commodious frame dwelling house, one and half stories high, 18x28 feet at a cost of $1,100. He carries on general farming; his farm is well supplied with water and is well adapted to stock raising purposes. Mr. Rock has now one of the finest farms in the county, consisting of 240 acres, he having bought eighty acres in 1881, paying $20 per acre for one-half of it. and $21.25 per acre for the other half. In Avoca, this county, March 8, 1875, he married Louisa Frese, born in Waldeck, Germany, January 9, 1856, daughter of Ludwig and Wilhelmina (Rock) Frese, also natives of that country. By this union, they have had three children - Minnie, born November 15, 1865; Frederick, born September 12, 1877, and Henry, born January 23, 18__. Mr. Rock has been highway Supervisor and Assessor of the township, and is now Township Trustee. He is a member of the Lutheran Church, is a member of the A. H. T. S., and is in politics, a Republican.


SCOTT, Alexander M.

Farmer, P. O. Shelby, Shelby County, Iowa, was born in Washington County, Penn., February 9, 1847, and is a son of Archibald and Elizabeth (McCandless) Scott, natives of Allegheny County, Penn., and now residents of Henry County, Ill., he, a farmer by occupation, born in December, 1808; she, born in 1810. Subject's parents had seven children, two boys and five girls. He received his education in his native State, and in Henry County, Ill., began life as a farmer, and still follows that occupation. He moved from Pennsylvania to Illinois in the spring of 1857. He farmed for several years in Illinois, and in 1872 came to this township, where, in 1870, he had bought a tract of land, half of which he broke in 1871, and on which he built in 1872. His farm consisted of 160 acres of land which cost $8.50 per acre, and, in 1873, he bought eighty acres at $8 per acre. In March, 1877, he sold his personal property, rented his farm, and removed to Lake City, Hinsdale Co., Colo., but returned in November. He built a one and half story frame dwelling house on his place. 16x26 feet and 10x26 feet, at a cost of $700. In this township, January 7, 1880, he married Anna Frum, born in Monongalia County, W. Va., March 24, 1857, daughter of Joseph and Mary (Boyd) Frum, natives of that county, and both born in the year 1820. By this union two children have been born - Archie Boyd, born December 9, 1880, and Clifford, born July 22, 1882. Mr. Scott has been Township Trustee, President of the Board of Directors two years, and also School Director for one year. He is a member of the Presbyterian Church, is a Good Templar and member of the A. H. T. S., and in politics, votes the Democratic ticket.


SIMPSON, William

Farmer, P. O. Shelby, Shelby County, was born in Onondaga County, N. Y., May 18, 1821, and is a son of Benjamin and Elizabeth (Redman) Simpson. Benjamin Simpson, who was a farmer by occupation, was born in Orange County, N. Y., November 21, 1782, and died at Elbridge, Onondaga Co., N. Y., September 30, 1822; his wife, who was also born in Orange County, N. Y., October 15, 1790, died in Clinton County, Iowa, April 30, 1864; they had seven children, five boys and two girls. The subject of this sketch received his education in the schools of Elbridge, N. Y., and early engaged in farming; he also followed boating several years, owning and running several boats on the Erie Canal. In Onondaga County, N. Y., December 1, 1842, he married Julia Gregoire, born in Canada October 24, 1825, daughter of Theodore Gregoire, a blacksmith by trade, who was born in Canada April 22, 1786. By this union nine children have been born, six of whom are living, four of whom reside in this county - Nicholas P., Benjamin E., Eltnor U., Sarah E., Elnora E., John W., Albert O., Nettie M. and Gratia A. He came to Pleasant Township in 1870, bought 488 acres of wild land at $10 per acre, which he improved, and on which he erected a frame house, 26x32 feet, two stories high, with kitchen 14x16 feet, at a cost of $2,000. Mr. Simpson is engaged in general farming. When he came to Pleasant Township, there were only three voters, but at the last election 150 votes were cast, and then all the voters in the township did not vote. He is a supporter of the Democratic party.


STEWART, Hiram

Farmer, P. O. Shelby, was born in Athens County, Ohio, December 24, 1835, son of Alexander and Clara (McGee) Stewart, he a native of Athens County, Ohio, born August 30, 1806; was a merchant, boatman and a farmer, and is still living in this State. The mother of our subject was born in Pittsburgh, Penn., January 8, 1815, and died in West Point, Lee County, this State, in June, 1840. They were the parents of ten children, five sons and five daughters. Our subject received his schooling in his native county, and in Lee and Henry Counties, this State. He started in life as a drover and farmer. He was married in Van Buren County, this State, February 21, 1861, to Esther L. Bennett, born in Athens County, Ohio, January 8, 1837, daughter of P. W. and Martha A. (McLain) Bennett, he a native of Massachusetts, born in 1812; she born in Athens County, Ohio, June 1, 1822.  Mr. and Mrs. Stewart have four children - Clara Frances, born February 23, 1862; John, born June 29, 1864; William A., born June 29, 1866, and May Anna, born July 3, 1869. Our subject came to Pleasant Township in the spring of 1868, and bought a school claim of eighty acres. April 20, 1875, he purchased forty acres of improved land at $20 per acre, and March 1, 1882, he made another addition of forty acres at $16.50 per acre. His present farm, of 160 acres of good land, is situated, 120 acres in Section 16 and forty acres in Section 15. He carries on general farming. He has been Road Supervisor for a number of years, and also a Director. In politics, he is a Republican.


STUHR, John H. C.

Farmer, P. O. Shelby, was born in Holstein, Germany, February 27, 1841, son of Adam and Mary (Bocher) Stuhr, both natives of Holstein, Germany, he born in 1801, she in 1809. Both died in their native country. They were the parents of seven children, four boys and three girls, of whom one son and a daughter are deceased. Our subject received his education in his native country, and emigrated to America in 1857, landing in New York. He came to Davenport, this State, from which place he went in the army, returning to the same county, after serving throughout the entire time of the war. He enlisted in the fall of 1861, in the Twelfth Missouri Infantry Company I, Capt. Alefeldt. He took part in the engagements of Pea Ridge, Vicksburg, Lookout Mountain, Atlanta and others. He was married in Davenport, this State, October 2, 1866, to Eva Katharina Wilhelmina Arohn, born April 24, 1844, in the same place as her parents - G. and Mrs. (Atzman) Arohn, who were natives of Schleswig, Germany. Mrs. Stuhr came to the United States in 1866, and lived in Scott County, this State, till the time of her marriage. Mr. and Mrs. Stuhr are the parents of ten children, eight of whom are living - Emma, Willie, Mary, Clara, Kathrina, Matilda, Dora and Johanna. Our subject came to Pleasant Township in 1875, and purchased 205 acres of land at $11 per acre, fifty-five acres for $1,000, and also made a purchase of 160 acres of wild land in Harrison County at $9 per acre, fifty-five acres of which were, however, somewhat improved. His present farm property is now well cultivated. He set out a grove and a three-acre orchard of small fruit. He pays attention to most all kinds of farming. Mrs. Stuhr died in Pleasant Township August 17, 1882, and her funeral was attended by large numbers, who have always held her in the highest esteem. Our subject has filled many township offices. He was Constable two years, Trustee three years, Assessor two years, and School Director two years. He is an I. O. O. F., Helvetia Lodge, No. 423. In religion, he is a Lutheran, and in politics, a Republican.


WASSER, Charles

Farmer, P. O. Avoca, is a native of Wurtemberg, Germany, born January 19, 1827, and is a son of Erhart and Rosina (Stein) Wasser, also natives of Wurtemberg, Germany. Erhart Wasser was born in 1794; was a shoemaker by trade, and died in Pennsylvania in 1857; his wife, who was born in 1802, died at Blue Island, Ill., in 1868; they had three children, two boys and one girl. Subject received his education in Wurtemberg, Germany, and learned the shoemaker's trade in Germany. In 1853, he left his native country and came to the United States, locating at St. Clair, Penn., where he worked at his trade ten years. In 1863, he moved to Illinois, where he worked at his trade, and, in 1871, came to Pleasant Township, bought eighty acres of land at $11 per acre, improved it and remained on the place two years. He then worked at his trade for three years, renting his farm meanwhile, and, at the end of that time, returned to the farm. In 1880, he bought eighty acres of improved land at $18.50 per acre, and carries on general farming. There is a good supply of living water on the farm, which is well adapted to stock-raising. Mr. Wasser has been Road Supervisor. In Germany, in 1851, he married Kate Anna Gebel, a native of Germany, born January 30, 1823, daughter of Elias and Katharina (Hiventhal) Gebel, natives of Germany, he born in 1790, she in 1798. Mr. Wasser was again married in Pennsylvania in 1857. He has three children - Lizzie, Jacob and Conrad Philip. He is a member of the Lutheran Church, and in politics, is Republican. Mrs. Wasser is a member of the Reformed Church.


From History of Pottawattamie County, Iowa, published by O. L. Baskin & Co.