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Macedonia Township


Grain merchant and farmer, Carson, was born in La Salle County, Ill., April 12, 1842. His father, Jacob Anderson, was born in Norway in June, 1807; emigrated to America when eighteen years old in 1819; settled first in New York, where he remained till going to Illinois in the year after the Black Hawk war. He settled in La Salle County, where he remained till the fall of 1848, then removed to Iowa, settling in Grove Township, Pottawattamie County, on a farm of 680 acres, which he improved; he remained there till the spring of 1854, when he crossed the plains with ox teams to Napa County, Cal., where he lived on a farm till his death, May 4, 1864. The family remained in California till 1868, when the mother of our subject, with two children, returned to Iowa, and settled on the old farm in Grove Township, Pottawattamie County. Subject's mother was born in Norway January 1, 1814, and emigrated to America with her father's family (said to be the first Norwegian family to come to America) and who became permanent settlers. She is living with the subject of this sketch, her only surviving child. Mr. Anderson began life on his own responsibility in California on a farm; there he remained but a year or two, when he emigrated to Iowa, settling in Grove Township, Pottawattamie County, on a farm, where he was engaged exclusively in farming and stock dealing till he entered the grain business in Carson, erecting an elevator, which he owns and operates in connection with his farm. He first bought a partial interest in the old homestead of 680 acres in Grove Township, Pottawattamie County, then his mother's interest; since then he has added land until the farm now contains 1,000 acres. This farm consists of what is known as Wheeler's Grove, in Grove Township, and is very valuable. There being 200 acres of good timber land. Mr. Anderson lives in Carson; he married Miss Melissa Broadhurst. of Napa County, Cal., June 24, 1866. She was born in Berrien County, Mich., January 2, 1846; her father Joseph Broadhurst, born in Ohio in May, 1818, lives in California; her mother, Nancy (Gorham) Broadhurst, born in Indiana June 10, 1826, died March 9, 1854. Mr. Anderson is a member of the church of Latter Day Saints; he is no partisan in politics.


Farmer and stock-raiser, P. O. Macedonia, was born in Adams County, Ill., July 15, 1844; his father, E. C. Bradley, was born in Livingston County, N. Y., about 1817; he emigrated to Iowa in 1834, settling in Davenport when there was but one frame house in that place; from Davenport he came to Qnincy, Ill., and he now lives in that State; he was married in 1842 to Mahala J. Foy, mother of our subject; she was born in Chautauqua County, N. Y., about 1827; she is the mother of six children, one of whom is dead. Mr. Bradley worked on a farm a few months, and then, January 1, 1862, enlisted in the Tenth Illinois Infantry, in which he served two years and three months. After returning from the army, he farmed in Illinois one year, then came to Decatur County, Iowa, thence to Marion County, where he was engaged in farming from 1865 to 1871, then he moved to Mills County and settled near Hastings; came from there, February 22, 1876, and located on his present farm of 120 acres, situated three miles west of Macedonia. Mr. Bradley was married in Knoxville, Marion Co., Iowa, F.ebruary 6, 1868, to Miss M. E. Carle, born January 25, 1849, daughter of Eber and Mary N. (Pastory) Carle; he, born in Pennsylvania, January 27. 1818, now living in Marion County, Iowa; his wife died about 1866. Mr. and Mrs. Bradley have had seven children, one of whom is dead, their names are Clarence W., Armina M., F. E., Nora G., Roxie and Louetta. Mrs. Bradley is a member of the Christian Church. Mr. Bradley is an Odd Fellow, and a Republican.


Lumber merchant, Macedonia, was born in Tippecanoe County, Ind., January 16, 1844; his father, James Bulla, born in Tennessee, December 7, 1815, but reared till ten or twelve years old in Georgia, whence he emigrated to Indiana. He, with five brothers, landed at Richmond, Ind., when it was a wilderness ; there four of the brothers lived and died strict members of the Quaker Church. Father of subject was a brick-layer and stone-mason by trade, and died in Danville, Ill., September 11, 1861. Subject's mother, Abigail (Osborn) Bulla, born in Ohio October 28, 1824; she was the mother of four children, of whom subject is the oldest; but two of the children are living. Mr. Bulla's father came to Iowa, and at Des Moines took up land near Fort Dodge in the fall of 1854, which land subsequenth' fell to the heirs. Mr. Bulla attended the common schools, and was bound out when about eleven years old, continuing thus till the spring of 1861, when he enlisted in Company G, Twentieth Indiana Volunteers. He served as private for three years and forty-one days; being in thirteen skirmishes and fourteen pitched battles; was wounded four times and carries a buckshot in his face. After returning from the army, he attended school two terms at the State Normal at Kokomo, Ind., then he taught school one winter, and in the spring of 1865 came to Iowa, settling near Fort Dodge on the farm that his father had entered in 1854. He remained in this county three years, sold out and moved to Linn County, near Mr. Vernon, where he ran a saw-mill one year, then came to Council Bluffs in April, 1870. There he was engaged in the saw-mill business with Shugart & Liningertill the spring of 1876. Then he moved to Emerson, Mills Co., Iowa, and started in the implement business, in the spring of 1879, adding hardware to his other business, which he conducted successfully, till being burned out in September, 1879. Then he rebuilt, took a partner, and opened a hardware and grocery store. He sold out in July, 1880, came to Macedonia, and entered the lumber business with Lewis Hammer, of Council Blutfs, where he still remains. Mr. Bulla married Miss Sarah J. Albee, at Fort Dodge, March 25, 1866. She was born in Ohio, October 11, 1845; her father, Heiman C. Albee. born at Rutland, Vt., in 1819; emigrated to Ohio when a young man; there he married, raised his family, and from there emigrated to Fort Dodge, Iowa, with his brother, E. H. Albee, in 1854, and there they still live. Mrs. Bulla's mother, Mary Rowson, was born November 29, 1815, and is the mother of seven children, three of whom are living. Mr. and Mrs. Bulla have had three children; they are, Oliver Morton, Mary O., Josie Ellen, Lena Abigal (deceased). Mr. Bulla is a member of the Masonic fraternity, and also of the M. E. Church. He is an active Republican.


Farmer, P. O. Macedonia, was born in Preble County, Ohio, January 9, 1840. His father, George F. Cale, born in Pennsylvania in 1812; he emigrated to Ohio when a boy, and there followed farming in Preble County till he died in 1845. Subject's mother, Henrietta McCabe, born in Delaware in 1812, was the mother of six children, and died in 1860. Mr. Cale attended the schools of Lee County, Iowa, then entered Denmark Academy of Lee County, Iowa, where he attended four years, and would have graduated in 1862, but he left his class two months before graduation, and enlisted in Company G, Fourth Iowa Cavalry, continuing in the army till the close of the war. He was promoted after a service of nearly three years as a private, to the Captaincy of a company of scouts, which position he held till the close of the war.
Mr. Cale was in nineteen general engagements. After leaving the army, Mr. Cale engaged in carpenter work, which trade he had learned before the war, and this work he followed in Kansas City, Mo., as a contractor for about sixteen months, then removed to Lee County, thence to Moulton, Iowa, where he followed contracting for four years, thence to Missouri, and went into the hotel business for about five years, then came to Pottawattamie County, Iowa, and settled in Macedonia Township. He built the hotel known as the Macedonia House in Macedonia. He owns 345 acres of land, valued at $30 per acre in this township. Mr. Cale is a purely self made man. He was married, September 4, 1864, in Fort Madison, Lee Co., Iowa, to Miss E. B. Babb, of Denmark, Iowa, who was born in Ashtabula County, Ohio, December 23, 1845; her father, Clark Babb, born in Livingston County, N. Y., April 7, 1811, died September 27, 1865, in Lee County, Iowa; her mother, Louisa A. Case, born in Ashtabula County, Ohio, July 21, 1820, died July 15, 1876; she was the mother of five children. Mr. Cale is a Republican, and, a member of the I. O. O. F., of Macedonia Lodge, No. 421. Mr. and Mrs. Cale have four children - Ada M., born October 5, 1865; Lola B., February 11, 1868; Maud L., November 8, 1869, and Charlie F., July 18, 1871.

CARTER, Rev. J. W.

Clergyman, Macedonia, was born in Clermont County, Ohio, November 25, 1819; his father, John S. Carter, was born in Gloucester County, N. J., December 30, 1787, was married in the same county, and emigrated to Ohio in 1810, where he followed farming, and carpentering till his death, which occurred October 15, 1856. Subject's mother, Ann (Ware) Carter, was born in Gloucester County, N. J., May 6, 1791; she was the mother of eight children, of whom five are living; she died April 2, 1840. Mr. Carter was educated in the common schools of Ohio, where he taught several years, then entered the Bethel Academy, where he graduated in 1848, then he pursued the study of theology under the direction of the Presbytery of Sangamon, of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church. He labored within the bounds of that Presbytery till coming to Iowa in 1871, when he settled in Macedonia Township, Pottawattamie County, where he organized a church in old Macedonia in April, 1871. Mr. Carter continues as pastor of this church, and he also organized a church in May, 1875, at Wheeler's Grove, in Grove Township, Pottawattamie Co., Iowa. Mr. Carter now lives in Macedonia; he has been a Republican from the first organization of the party. He is also a member of the Masonic fraternity. Mr. Carter married Miss Malinda Sargent, in Ohio, August 30, 1842; she was born in Kentucky December 1, 1816; her father, John Sargent, died in 1852, at the age of about eighty-five years; her mother, Mary (Lamb) Sargent, died in 1818, when Mrs. Carter was about two years old. Mr. and Mrs. Carter have had eight children, of whom five are living - Mary E., Joseph E., John E., Soma and Eva. Mr. Carter's life has been an active one, and he is a ver worthy gentleman.


Farmer, stock and real estate dealer, P. O. Macedonia, is the proprietor of Sunnyside Stock Farm, situated one and three quarters miles southwest of the town of Macedonia; he is interested in an agricultural implement house in Macedonia, known by the firm name of Clayton & Clark, also in a similar house in Carson, known as the Carson Implement Company. Mr. Clayton is a stockholder and Director in the Macedonia Bank. He was elected by the Eighteenth General Assembly of the State of Iowa, served term of six years on the Board of Trustees of the Deaf and Dumb Ayslum situated at Council Bluffs, of which board he is Chairman. Mr. Clayton was born in Nicholas County, Ky., January 10, 1839, and leaving the parental roof at the age of sixteen years, went directly to Decatur County, Ind., and went to work by the month. He remained in Indiana from 1855 to 1873, during which time he served three years on the Board of County Commissioner of Decatur County; he followed farming as a business while there. In October, 1873, Mr. Clayton came to Pottawattamie County, Iowa, and settled where he now lives, buying at that time 320 acres partially improved, which he has since added to till now Sunnyside farm contains over 500 acres, and Mr. Clayton has over 1,600 acres in the county, most of which is improved. His father, William M. Clayton, born in Virginia in 1788, came to Kentucky, duriug boyhood with his parents, was a soldier in the war of 1812, being under Capt. Metcalf, who was afterward Governor of Kentucky; he was a mechanic during life, and died in 1852, in Robinson County, Ky. Subject's mother, Mary (Adair) Clayton, was born in Nicholas County, Ky. Subject has but one full sister, one half-brother and three half-sisters. Mr. Clayton has held some township office ever since he came to the State, and served iu the Seventeenth and Eighteenth General Assemblies of the State of Iowa, being Chairman of the Agricultural Committee, in the Eighteenth General Assembly. Mr. Clayton is a Master Mason. He is an active member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and is a Trustee of Simpson Centenary College, situated at Indianola, Iowa. Mr. Clayton was first married to Miss Priscilla Martin of Decatur County, Ind., March 2, 1862; she died in Indiana in 1868. He married again, September 22, 1869, to Miss Nannie M. Hamilton; she was born in Decatur County, Ind., May 22, 1852; her father, D. N. Hamilton, born in Harrison County, Ky., November, 1817; he is a farmer, living in Indiana; her mother, Martha A. Taylor, born in Harrison County, Ky., in January, 1819, died December 24, 1864. Mr. and Mrs. Clayton have two children - William N. and Mona V.

CRAIG, Dr. John

Farmer, P. O. Macedonia, was born in Indiana, April 23, 1835; his father, William Craig, was born in Scotland in 1800; came to America in 1820, landing first in Charleston, S. C; from there he moved from place to place, following his trade of weaving, or serving as overseer of power looms. He finally moved to a farm in Franklin County, Ind., and followed his trade in connection with farming for some years; then sold his farm and moved to Decatur County; bought a farm, improved it, and followed his trade and farming again for several years; then moved into the town of Greensburg, Ind. He lived there for several years, and then moved to the town of Milford, Ind., where he died in 1879. Subject's mother, Jane Gilchrist, was born in Scotland in 1800; she and Mr. Craig were engaged in Scotland, and during the religious troubles there Mr. Craig had to fly for his life, being a strong advocate of the Presbyterian Church; his intended wife soon followed, and they were married in the city of Charleston, S, C; she died about 1871, and was the mother of seven children, two of whom are dead. Dr. Craig received a common school education in Indiana; read medicine with Dr. George V. Armington, and finished reading witli Dr. Mitchell; then attended two courses of lectures at the Eclectic Medical Institute of Cincinnati, Ohio, from which he graduated in February. 1857. He began practicing in March, 1857, at Milford, Ind.; continued there till 1865, excepting an absence of about two years, which time he spent in Greensburg, Ind,; then, on account of poor health, he moved to Highland Township, Wapello Co,, Iowa, in 1865, and went on a farm. He managed his farm and practiced, remaining there  for several years, when he met with an accident, and went to Cincinnati, where he was treated for fifteen months by his favorite surgeon, Prof. Z, Freeman. Recovering, he returned to his home in Wapello County, where he remained till 1873; then he traded for the farm of 160 acres on which he now resides, moving onto it m the spring of 1875. Since then the Doctor has not been in active practice, but devotes his attention to farming, stock raising and feeding. This farm is three and one-half miles west of the town of Macedonia. Dr. Craig was married in Lebanon County, Ohio, in February, 1857, to Miss Sarah J. Dyche, of Lebanon; she was born about 1832, at State Line, Ohio; she died in February, 1859, He married a second time, in 1860, Miss Lydia Richman, born in Ohio, about 1834, and who died in 1863. Dr. Craig married a third time, in September, 1864, to Anna J. Huffer, of Bartholomew County, Ohio; she was born in same county in 1840; her father, David Huffer, was born in 1811, in Ohio; is now living in Indiana; her mother, Delila Bruner. died in 1846. Dr. Craig has one daughter by his first marriage - F. J.; two boys by his second - Isadore E. and Charles F.; three by his third wife - William D., Claud L. and J. Freddie (deceased). Dr. Craig and wife are members of the M. E. Church of Macedonia. The Doctor is Master of Ruby Lodge No. 415, A. F. & A. M., of Macedonia. He is a firm Republican.

DOTY, Luther

Farmer, P. O. Carson, was born in Richland County, Ohio, August 15, 1826; his father, James Doty, was born in Virginia in 1802, and died in Richland County, Ohio, January 4, 1879; he was a farmer by occupation; in 1846, he was elected Sheriff of Ashland County, Ohio, being the first Sheriff of that county. Subject's mother, Sarah Croniger, was born in Pennsylyania in 1806, and died in 1849; she was the mother of ten children, eight of whom are living, six of them in Iowa. Mr. Doty received but a limited education in the common schools, but he afterward attended the Ashland Academy in Ohio; he taught in that State about seven years. He began by farming; then came to Iowa in the fall of 1853, and settled in Johnson County, where he farmed and taught school for awhile; in that county he served as Justice of the Peace for tweuty years, and also served as County Supervisor one term. In March, 1876, he sold his property in Johnson County, and came to Pottawattamie County, settling in Pleasant Township, five miles west of Avoca, till October 12, 1880, when he came to his present home of 200 acres, about two and one-half miles west of Carson; the land is now valued at about $45 an acre. Mr. Doty was first married in Ohio, August 23, 1849, to Elizabeth A. Kagy, who died August 25, 1850. Mr. Doty was married again, in the same State, December 25, 1851, to Mary Hilborn, born in Ohio October 17, 1832, and died February 13, 1882. Mr. Doty has five children - Sarah M., James M., T. E., Mary C. and E. C. The family are members of the M. E. Church of Carson. Mr. Doty is an A. F. & A. M.. and a Democrat in

DYE, John

Farmer, P. O. Macedonia, was born in Lee County, Iowa, August 29, 1847; his father, Henry Dye, was born about 1815, and is a farmer, living in Washington Township, Lee County, Iowa. Subject's mother, Jane (Micklewait) Dye, was born in England in 1822, and came to America when eight years of age; she died about 1858, having given birth to seven children. Mr. Dye worked on his father's farm until March, 1873, when he migrated to Pottawattamie County and bought 160 acres where he now lives, three and a half miles southwest of Macedonia. To this land he has since added 50 acres, paying about $10 an acre for the whole. It is now finely improved and valued at $40 an acre. January 1, 1873, Mr. Dye married Miss Mary G. Snapp, of Lee County, Iowa, born February 27, 1851; her father, Simpson Snapp, was born in Washington County, Tenn., in 1816, and migrated to Lee County, Iowa, in 1837, where he died in 1874; her mother was born about 1823, and died about 1868. Mr. and Mrs. Dye have five children - H. W., born December 10, 1874; Daisy, March 9, 1876; George, April 23, 1877; H. S., October 10, 1879, and Effie M., January 5, 1881. Mr. Dye is an Odd Fellow and a Democrat.

DYE, Sylvester

Merchant, Macedonia, was born in Lee County, Iowa, in May, 1843. His father, Henry Dye, was born in Miami County, Ohio, in 1814. From there, he emigrated to the State of Indiana; thence to Lee County, Iowa, in 1839, where he now lives. He is a member of the Pioneer Association of Lee County, Iowa, being one of the oldest members of the association. He has been a farmer all his life; has been Justice of the Peace. Subject's mother, Jane (Mickelwait) Dye, was born in York, England, about 1823; she came to America with her parents in 1829. Her father was a farmer; settled at Jacksonville, Ill., remained there about nine years, and subsequently moved to Lee County, Iowa, where he died in 1856. Mr. Dye has four brothers and one sister. He was educated at Denmark Academy, in Lee County, Iowa. From attending this institution, Mr. Dye went to the army, enlisting in Company E, of the Nineteenth Iowa Volunteers, serving in the capacity of a private for three years. After returning from the army, he came to Mills County, Iowa, in the fall of 1865; there he rented a farm for about six years, then bought in Macedonia Township, Pottawattamie County, where he farmed until 1880, when he with his brother formed a partnership in a general store, the firm going by the name of W. Dye & Co. Mr. Dye still owns and conducts his farm of 210 acres, situated three and a half miles southwest of Macedonia. The firm of W. Dye & Co. was burned out March 6, 1882, but they have their new brick building now almost completed. Thus we have traced the movements of one of Iowa's most thrifty, self-made business men. During the time spent in the army, Mr. Dye was taken prisoner in the State of Louisiana in the fall of 1863, and confined at Tvler, Tex., for ten months; he was at the siege of Vicksburg and various other engagements. He is a member of the Odd Fellows' Lodge of Macedonia. He married Miss Mary J. Linville, of Grlenwood, Mills County, Iowa, January 16, 1868; she was born in Nodaway County, Mo., in 1851. Her father, George Linville, was born in Tennessee in 1815, and came to Iowa in 1856; he still lives in Mills County, Iowa. Her mother, Sarah Burris, was born in Tennessee, and is the mother of eight children. Mr. and Mrs. Dye have three children - Claud, Emma L. and Willoughby. Mr. Dye was a successful candidate for the office of County Supervisor in the fall of 1879. He served his constituency very satisfactorily during a term of three years, being elected by the Democratic party, with W. Fay as opponent.


Furniture dealer and undertaker, Carson, was born in St. Lawrence County, N. Y., May 5. 1846, son of George and Jane (McCoy) Eustis, he born in England in September, 1809, was a farmer by occupation, and was killed September 5, 1854, by the accidental discharge of a blast while he was foreman of a gang of miners at Brogville; she born in Ireland in February, 1813, and has given birth to eleven children, two of whom are dead. Mr. Eustis began to work at farming when twelve years of age, his father having died. After two years of farm life, he served an apprenticeship of two years at the carpenter's trade, and then, at the age of sisteen, enlisted in Company G, One Hundred and Sixth New York Infantry. During the last year of his service, he was color-bearer for his regiment. Tliis regiment was a part of the Army of the Potomac, and consequently Mr. Eustis was in many severe engagements. At the battle of Cold Harbor, June 1, 1864, Col. Townsend, of Mr. Eustis' regiment, was killed, and of the forty-eight men composing Company C, twenty-five were killed, Mr. Eustis himself being wounded. He, with his regiment, were mustered out at Ogdensburg, B. Y., July 16, 1865. After returning from the army, Mr. Eustis spent about eight months in his native county, then came to Montgomery County, Ill., where he conducted a farm one year, and worked at the carpenter's trade one year. He removed to Galesburg, and worked at his trade from 1868 to 1878, then came to Stuart, Iowa, where he conducted a furniture business till June, 18S1, when he came to Carsou and opened a furniture and undertaking establishment, where he now is. Mr. Enstis was married, in Galesburg, Ill., March 16, 1870, to Elizabeth Young, born in 1844, daughter of Robert and Rosanna (Wilson) Young, he born in New York in 1790, was a farmer by occupation, and died July 22, 1877; she born in Maryland, and is living with our subject. Mr. and Mrs. Eustis have four children - Albert, Eddie, Ida M. and Ralph. Mr. Eustis is a member of the I. O. O. F., No. 444., and is a Republican in politics.


Farmer, P. O. Carson was born in North Carolina about 1832, son of Levi and Jane (Evans) Fender; the former born in North Carolina, where he died about 1865; the parents had twelve children, seven of whom are living. Mr. Fender moved from his native State to Hardin County, Iowa, about 1868; thence to Pottawattamie County about 1872, where he leased land about one and a half years, then bought eighty acres at $11 an acre. He now has 160 acres valued at about $35 an acre. He has a very good young orchard, and quite a quantity of small fruits. The cyclone of June 9, 1880, damaged Mr. Fender about $500, a fine colt being killed, and half of his stock being blown a quarter of a mile from the house. Mr. Fender was married, in North Carolina, in 1866, to Millie Dillard, born in North Carolina about 1834, daughter of James and Polly (Spurling) Dillard, natives of North Carolina. Mr. and Mrs. Fender are the parents of two children - James, born in North Carolina, and Willie, born in Iowa. Mr. Fender enlisted in Company F, Twenty-second North Carolina Regiment in 1861, and was discharged in 1865. He engaged in the battles of Seven Pines, Chancellorville, Gaine's Mill, Tnrkey Ridge, and many other minor battles. Mr. Fender is a member of the Christian Church, and is a Republican.


Lumber merchant, Carson, was born in Bakersfield, Franklin Co., Vt., May 22, 1846; his father, Alanson Field, born in Bakersfield, Vt., July 6, 1820; his forefathers were brought to America as members of Burgoyne's army, during the Revolution, his father being in the battle of Plattsburg. Subject's mother, P. W. (Cutler) Field, was born in Bakersfield, Vt., Nov. 2, 1817, and is the mother of four children, of whom two are in the West. Mr. Field attended the common schools of his native State, and also the Academy of Bakersfield. He worked on a farm in his native State till coming West in 1866, when he landed at Council Bluffs, having come there by boat, there being no railroads at that time. He spent his first winter in a saw-mill, his second as a school teacher in Pottawattamie County. The following five years were spent as civil engineer on the railroad lines of the R. I. & Pacific, B. & M. and various other lines; leaving this he spent about one year in Council Bluflfs. In 1874, he went into the lumber business at Avoca, Pottawattamie County, where he remained in the same business till locating in Carson, in 1880; thence he opened the first yard in the town. Mr. Field married Miss Ella T. Adams, in Ottumwa, Iowa, January 27, 1874. She was born in Ottumwa August 13, 1850. Her father, John J. Adams, was born in Abingdon, Va., April 8, 1807, came to Iowa in 1836, locating at Burlington, then not as large as Carson now is. Her mother, Evaline Trueman Adams, was born in Kentucky February 22, 1812; was the mother of two children. She died August 13, 1850, at Ottumwa, Iowa. Mr. and Mrs. Field have four children - John A., Arthur L., Pearl I. and George A. Mr. Field is a Republican, and a member of the Odd Fellows Lodge, No. 444, at Carson. He and wife are members of the Presbyterian Church.


Merchant, Carson, was born in Shelby County, Ohio. March 28, 1832. His father, James Furrow, was born in Blackford County, Va., about 1792; he removed with his family to Ohio, where he owned and operated a large farm, and at the same time was Canal Contractor in Miami Extension Canal, north of Dayton; he died about 1842. Subject's mother, Mary (Peterman) Furrow, was born in Blackford County, Va-, and died with the cholera. She was the mother of ten children, all but one of whom married and raised families of their own. At fifteen vears of age, Mr. Furrow learned the trades of mason, bricklayer and plasterer; these he followed till 1861. April 17 of that year, he first enlisted in the army; the following August he re-enlisted for three years; he next enlisted in the Eighth Indiana Infantry, a regiment organized as veterans at Indianola, Texas, January 1, 1864. May 21st of that year, Mr. Furrow was promoted from First Sergeant to Captain of Company F, Eighth Indiana Infantry Veteran Volunteers, in which capacity he served till the close of the war. May 22, 1863, at the siege of Vicksburg, Capt. Furrow received a wound which disabled him three months. From Vicksburg his regiment went to New Orleans; thence north and joined Sheridan's command. After leaving the army at the close of the war, Capt. Furrow opened a meat market, then, after dealing in stock in general for two years, he bought a farm near Wabash, Ind., where he remained till 1874, then sold out and came to Pottawattamie County, Iowa. He farmed first in Knox Township till March, 1882, when he came to Carson, where he owns and operates a grocery store. Capt. Furrow was married in Wabash County, Ind., November 20, 1866, to Elvira Lewis, bora in Grant County, Ind., December 25, 1839, daughter of James and Rosanna (McClure) Lewis; he, born in Virginia in 1805, is now living in Shelby County, Iowa; she, born iu Ohio, died in 1865 in Indiana. The cliildren of Capt. and Mrs. Furrow are L. Edith, James F., Nellie M., Winnie G. and Charles E. (deceased). Capt. Furrow and wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church. He is a Republican.


Famer, P. O. Macedonia, was born in Indiana in 1842. His father, David N. Hamilton, was born in Kentucky in December, 1818, and is a retired farmer living in Greensburg, Ind. Subject's mother. Martha A. (Taylor) Hamilton, was born about 1820, and died in 1864. She was the mother of eleven children, three of whom are dead. Mr. Hamilton came from his native State to Mills County, Iowa, in 1869, settling near Hastings, where he owned and farmed eighty acres for five years; he then sold out and bought another farm near Macedonia, in the township of that name. After living on this farm about four years, he sold it to his brother. J. W. Hamilton, and then bought his present farm of 400 acres. This farm is three and a half miles from Macedonia, and has a very sightly location; it is worth $35 an acre. March 12, 1863, Mr. Hamilton married Miss Hattie Phillips, who died in 1866. He was married a second time, in 1869, to Mrs. Hattie (Brown) Tindal, born iu Indiana in 1843, daughter of John C. and Mary (Hattan) Brown; he, born in Peunsylvania in 1799, died in Indiana in 1864; she, born in New Jersey about 1802, was the mother of five children, and died in 1876. Mr. and Mrs. Hamilton have had three children - Myrta C, born January 11, 1871; Pearl, born February 4, 1876, died January 3, 1879; William J., born November 13, 1879. Mr. Hamilton and wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church. He is an A. F. & A. M., and a Republican.


Farmer, P. O. Carson, was born May 1, 1851, in Gerry, Chautauqua Co., , N. Y.; his father, Myron Hooker, was born November 4, 1809, in Allegany County, N. Y.; was a farmer by occupation; came to Delaware County, Iowa, in 1856, where he died March 4, 1873. Subject's mother, Nancy (Palmeter) Hooker, was boru in Farmington, Ontario Co., N. Y., March 19, 1816; she lives with our subject, and is the mother of ten children, four of whom are dead. Mr. Hooker attended the common schools of Delaware County, Iowa, and after working on his father's place in Delaware County two years, he came to this county and settled on his present farm of sixty acres, situated two miles northeast of Macedonia. Mr. Hooker was married November 23, 1878, at Watson, Mo., to Lizzie M. Folts, born in Oneida County, N. Y., April 26, 1856, daughter of William A. and Amanda (Denslow) Folts; he, born in Oneida County, N. Y.. July 9, 1828, died September 25, 1867; she, born in Oneida County, N. Y., August 1, 1833, is living in Center Township, this county. Mr. and Mrs. Hooker have two children, viz. : Emma L., born August 11, 1879, and Crete, born July 2, 1881. Mr. Hooker is serving his third year as Road Supervisor; he is a Democrat in politics.


Farmer, P. O. Carson, was born in Chautauqua Count, N. Y., in July, 1837. His father, M. H. Hooker, was born in Genesee County, N. Y., in 1810. He was a farmer and lumberman, and came to Iowa in the winter of 1854, settling iu Delaware County, where he died in March, 1874. Subject's mother, Nancy (Palmeter) Hooker, was born in New York State in 1816, and is the mother of ten children. Mr. Hooker's first work was in a saw-mill in the pine woods of Pennylvania, where he continued till coming to Iowa in the spring of 1855. In March of that year, he commenced work in a saw-mill, and continued in the employ of the same man five years; he then bought and improved a small farm, which he sold in 1869. He next spent two years at the coal miles of Fort Dodge, then started for Nebraska, changed his mind. and. in 1871 traded with John Hammer, now of Council Bluffs, for the farm of eight acres, where he now lives. He was married, in Delaware County, Iowa, in July, 1861, to Miss T. J. Wilson, born in England in October, 1843, daughter of John and Jane (Crelling) Wilson; he, born in Ireland October 5, 1313, died October 18, 1876; she, born in 1817, lives in Page Co., Iowa. Mr. and Mrs. Hooker have eight children - John M., Charles M., Edward D., Joseph D., Jennie L., Lewis E., Shockey E. and Genie E. Mr. Hooker is a Democrat. Mr. Hooker's father was unfortunate in the lumber business, losing his property, with the exception of that in Delaware County, which he had purchased before engaging in the lumber trade. While in the city of Cincinnati, Ohio, he received an injury by a fall, from which he never fully recovered.


Farmer, P. O. Carson, was born in Mercer County, Ill., August 30, 1857; his father, T. W. Jetfryes, was born in 1818, in London, England, and came to America about 1841, living in different parts of Illinois till 1868, when he came to Pottawattamie County, where he still lives. Subject's mother, E. J. (Hamilton) Jeffryes, was born in Indiana, December 27, 1830, and is living and is the mother of five children - William T., Robert E., R. S., F. I. and F. H. Mr. Jeffryes attended the common schools and then, for three terms, attended the Malvern Normal School, where he intends to graduate. He began life as a farmer in Pottawattamie County, and he now owns 320 acres in Woodbury County, which he is rapidly improving. Mr. Jeffryes' parents settled on the farm of 160 acres on which they now live in 1868; it was at that time entirely unimproved, but is now in a good state of improvement. Mr. Jeffryes is a Democrat.


Physician and druggist, Carson, was born in Ohio, Greene County, April 27,1840. His father, Christopher G. Johnson, was born in Virginia March 15, 1800, and with his parents located in Ohio, Highland County, and a few years after moved to Greene County, Ohio, thence, in 1856, came with his family to Iowa, settling on a farm in Wapello County, where he died in November, 1857. He was a farmer by occupation. Subject's mother, Lydia E. Johnson, was born in Virginia in December, 1806, and is now living in Osage County, Kan.; she is the mother of ten children, two of whom are dead. Dr. Johnson attended the common schools, and at twenty-one entered Pennsylvania College at Oskaloosa, Iowa, where he remained three months, then enlisted in the army as a private in Company H, Thirty-sixth Iowa Infantry. He served in this company about one year, then received a commission in a colored regiment as Second Lieutenant, where he served till September, 1866, when he was mustered out at Little Rock, Ark. He was at the battle of Helena, Ark., July 4, 1863, and also served on the frontier. After coming out of the army he engaged in the drug business and read medicine under Dr. J. C. Johnson, of Agency City, Wapello Co., Iowa, from 1867 to 1870, and in 1871 attended a course of lectures at Keokuk, Iowa; then went to Kansas for two years; returned to Keokuk, and graduated in the Keokuk College of Physicians and Surgeons in 1873. After graduating he went to Kansas, where he practiced medicine and conducted drug business for one year; he then returned to Agency City, Wapello County, Iowa, where he followed his profession for a short time, then became Medical Examiner of the Centennial Mutual Life Association of Burlington. Iowa, which position he held for three or four years. In 1878, he located in Mills County, Iowa; practiced medicine and conducted a drug store in Hillsdale, where he remained till 1880, then came to Carson, where he now follows his profession, and is senior partner of the drug firm of S. M. Johnson & Co. Dr. Johnson was the first man to come from a distance and erect a house in the town of Carson; this he did in April, 1880. He was one of the first School Board of Carson, and a member of the Building Committee that erected the schoolhouse; he is now on the Board of Health of Carson. Dr. Johnson married Miss Ellen Stephens, of Agency City, Wapello County, Iowa, September 10, 1S68; she was born March 31, 1852, in Agency City; her father, James Stephens, a pioneer of Wapello County, Iowa, was born in Kentucky May 1, 1822, and was reared in Indiana; he came to Iowa when a young man and located at Agency City, where he remained till his death, July 3, 1868. He was a blacksmith by trade, and erected a large plow manufacturing establishment, but died before his business had fully developed. Mrs. Johnson's mother, Mary A. (Horrow) Stephens, was born in Kentucky, February 27, 1824; she is the mother of five children, three girls and two boys, and lives in Agency City, Wapello County, Iowa. Dr. and Mrs. Johnson have had three children - Hamilton C. (deceased), C. Clyde and an infant, deceased. Dr. Johnson is a member of the Masonic fraternity of Olive Branch Lodge. No. 21; he has always been a firm Republican; he was reared by Quaker parents and rather adheres to that lielief. Mrs. Johnson is a member of the M. E. Church.


Farming, P. O. Carson, was horn in Ross County, Ohio, July 12, 1846; his father, Joseph Jones, was born in Campbell County, Va., in June, 1804; came West to Ohio about 1839; thence, in 1849, to Davis County, Iowa, where he lived on a farm near Union Village, till moving to Appanoose County, where he still lives. Subject's mother, Mary E. (Dickie) Jones, was born in Virginia in May, 1804, and is livincr, and is the mother of nine children. Mr. Jones began working by the month at farming, in Macedonia Township, this county in 1866; he worked for A. F. Rayburn for four years; then married, and rented a farm in Davis County, Iowa, where he remained about six months; thence to Page County for eighteen months,when he returned to Macedonia Township, this county, and rented land for one year of ťA. F. Rayburn; then engaged with him in the stock business one year. He next bought land east of the town of Carson; this he sold in 1873, and bought the farm of 220 acres where he now lives. This farm cost Mr. Jones about $10.50 an acre, and is now valued at about $45 an acre; it is situated in Section 3, one and one-half miles west of Carson; it was raw prairie when Mr. Jones first took possession of it, and it is now one of the finest farms in the township. Our subject was married in Council Bluffs, Iowa, in September, 1870, to Miss C. F. Crane, born in May, 1853, in Lancaster, Ohio, daughter of John and Tabitha (Thompson) Crane; he, born in Pennsylvania, and she in Ohio. Mr. and Mrs. Jones have five children - Ora E., James A., Robert F., Albert L. and Loula M. Mr. Jones belongs to the I. O. O. F. of Carson and the
Iowa Legion of Honor. He is a Republican.


Banker, Macedonia, was born in Johnson County, Ill., March 18, 1852; his father, Richard Y. Kelley, was born in Tennessee February 14, 1813; emigrated from Tennessee to Illinois about 1835, where he raised his family. He was a farmer, and died June 10, 1860. Subject's mother, Sarah E. F. (Ballowe) Kelley, was born in Virginia July 3, 1814; was the mother of eight children, of whom our subject is the youngest; she died in Mills County, Iowa, November 14, 1873, where she and her husband had emigrated in 1854. Mr. Kelley is a graduate of the State University of Iowa, of the class of 1876. He is now Cashier of the Macedonia Bank, where he has been for two years. Mr. Kelley has been a law student, but never sought admission to the bar; he has been engaged iu the mercantile business, and served as Deputy Treasurer of Mills County, Iowa. He is connected with the Masonic Lodge of the place, and is a youug man of very high standing and influence iu the community.


Farmer, P. O. Macedonia, was born in New Jersey in December, 1837; his father, Samuel Lewis, was born iu New Jersey in 1808, and migrated to Ohio in 1838, settling first in Warren County, then in Shelby County, where he raised his family, and where he now lives, employed as a shoemaker and a farmer. Subject's mother, Catharine (Lake) Lewis, was born in New Jersey in 1807, and died in 1862; she was the mother of six children, two of whom are living. Mr. Lewis enlisted in the army in September, 1861, and served till July 20, 1865; he was at the battles of Shiloh, Yicksburg, Fort Donelson, Atlanta, Ga., and with Sherman in his march to the sea. After returning from the war, Mr. Lewis remained iu his native couuty in Ohio till March, 1866, when he came to Macedonia Township, first settling west of Old Macedonia, where he lived till 1872, when he bought his present farm of 160 acres, at that time unimproved. Mr. Lewis was married in this township in August, 1866, to Catharine Roush, born in Highland Count\-, Ohio, in November, 1842, daughter of John and Rebecca (Rhodes) Roush, he born in 1800, and she in 1806, both living in Marion County, this State. This union has resulted in five children - George A., Mina L., Frederick W., William B. and Bennett. Mr. Lewis is a Republican.

LEWIS, William

Farming and stock-raising, P. O. Macedonia, was born in La Salle County, Ill., in 1848; son of Charles and Elizabeth (Hougs) Lewis ; he, born in Norway in 1826, came to America when fourteen years old. settling in La Salle County, where he was engaged in farming, till his death in 1861; she, born in Rochester, N. Y., in March, 1827, is now living on the homestead in La Salle County, Ill.; she is the mother of seven children, five of whom are dead. Mr. Lewis was engaged m farming in his native State till coming to Iowa in 1870, when he bought 160 acres, a part of the farm where he now lives; this land was in an uncultivated condition, and cost Mr. Lewis $8.50 an acre; he has improved his original farm and added to it, until now he has 760 acres, worth about $30 an acre. Mr. Lewis was married iu Mills County, Iowa, May 30, 1873, to Mrs. Elizabeth Richards, born in Parke County, Ind., February 10, 1844, daughter of James and Alzina (Fisher) Shank; he, born in Warren County, Ohio, about 1817, is a blacksmith in Mills County, Iowa; she, born in Brown County, Ohio, in 1819. Mr. and Mrs. Lewis have four children- Anna W., Arthur C., Laura I. and Charles M. Since coming to Iowa, Mr. Lewis has given his attention largely to stock-raising; he now has 150 head of cattle, besides hogs. Mr. Lewis is no partisan in politics.


Farmer, and merchant of agricultural implements, Carson, was born in Bourbon County, Ky., October 6, 1816, son of Seth and Rebecca (Ryan) Lowe; he, born iu North Carolina about 1786, and died May 4, 1871; she, born in Virginia about 1791, died about 1867; was the mother of six children, four of whom are dead. When our subject's father was about twelve years old, he, with his father's family, moved into Kentucky, passing through the Indian nation. On this journey the family were nearly driven to starvation, being without food seven days; their first food was a " hoe-cake," baked in the ashes by a squaw. Subject's father moved from Kentucky to Indiana in 1820; thence, in 1869, to Glenwood, Mills Co., Iowa, where the family remained till our subject could finish his house, which he was then building on his farm of 320 acres, two miles southwest of Carson ; to this place they moved May 17, 1871. Mr. Lowe's schooling was obtained in the days when schoolhouses were composed of puncheon floors, benches made of split logs, and the windows of paper, the school year being about three months. Mr. Lowe first worked on the home farm, assisting his parents; then he bought a portion of the place, and took charge of the whole farm till it was sold to Charles Elmore, the former owner of Mr. Lowe's present farm. This was unimproved when Mr. Lowe first took it, but is now in a state of cultivation, and worth $35 an acre. January 30, 1854, in Kingston, Ind., Mr. Lowe married Miss Julia A. Sperling, born in Middlesex County, N. J., in 1826; her father was a native of New Jersey, and a farmer and gardener by occupation; her mother, Hannah (Morse) Sperling, was also a native of New Jersey, and the mother of ten children. Mr. and Mrs. Lowe have had six children - Horace G., Oriella, Eddie and Emma (twins) who died in October, 1878), William H. and Alice D. In connection with his farming, Mr. Lowe is a partner in the Carson Implement Company, which began business July 1, 1882. Mr. Lowe is a strong temperance man, and a firm Republican.


Farming and mining, P. O. Carson, was born in Western Virginia October 17, 1835. His father, Henry Mace, was born in Ohio in 1811, was a farmer, and has lived most of his life in Missouri, having gone there from West Virginia in 1844, when he settled in Linn County. He then moved to Sullivan County; thence to Livingston County, where he still resides. Subject's mother, Harriet B. (Gibson) Mace, was born in Ohio in 1811, and is the mother of eight children, of whom one is deceased. Mr. Mace began life as a farmer in Missouri, where he continued for three years, then went to Kansas, Bourbon County, where he farmed one year; thence to Allen County, where he worked at the carpenter's trade one year; thence to Mills County, Iowa, in 1861, and the same year came to Pottawattamie County and settled at Wheeler's Grove on a farm, where he continued till going to Council Bluffs in the fall of 1863, when he worked in the City Mills, then operated by J. C. Hofmyre. At Council Bluffs, Mr. Mace lost his first wife, Barbara Allen, who died February 6, 1864. Mr. Mace returned the same spring to Wheeler's Grove, and again engaged in farming. There he married his second wife, Mrs. Martha E. Elswick, in March, 1865. She was born in Kentucky March 4, 1833. Mr. Mace remained on this farm till 1874, then moved to where he now lives, two miles northeast of Carson, on a farm of 196 acres, bought in 1873, costing about $1,800, now valued at $40 per acre. The average of crops raised by Mr. Mace, for the past twenty years in Pottawattamie County, has been: Corn, 51-1/4 bushels per acre; wheat, 12 bushels; oats, 30, and potatoes, about 75. Mr. Mace, accompanied by Elswick and Bates, of this county, started for Colorado April 13, 1879, and arrived in Gunnison City May 21. From July 2 to July 6, they located eight mines, among which are the famous "Ruby King" and "Little Crown" of Ruby Mining District. They operated the King mine and superintended the operation of the others, till in September, when they leased the King for ten mouths to Henry Lee, of Denver, and Bacy, of Colorado Springs, for $500 cash and one-half of all the ore taken during the lease. They returned home, and, in February, 1880, sold the King and Republican lode to Col. W. T. Holt, of Portland, Me., for $25,000. In the spring of 1880, Messrs. Mace & Elswick returned to Colorado, and located five mines in Red Well Basin, Elk Mountain District, which they still own and operate. They also own the Little Crown in the Ruby Mining District. These mines are all in a prosperous condition, and valued at $200,000. Mr. and Mrs. Mace have eight children - James F., Harriet J., Emily C., Ulysses, Edith B., Ernest A., Trannie Y. and Altie M. Mr. Mace is an Odd Fellow, of Lodge No. 444; in politics, a Democrat.


Farmer. P. O. Macedonia, was born in Fayette County, Penn., June 25, 1836; his father, Joseph Myers, was born in 1806 in Greene Count, Penn., where he resided until 1840; then he emigrated to Highland County, Ohio, where he remained till emigrating to Des Moines County, Iowa, in 1854. There he resided till a short time before his death, when he moved to Henderson County, Ill., and died January 8, 1879, being buried in Oquawka. He followed various occupations; was a shoemaker by trade. Subject's mother, Sarah (West) Myers, was born in Pennsylvania about 1812; was the mother of nine children, of whom five are living. She died in November, 1852, in Putnam County, Ill. Mr. Myers learned engineering, and, after marriage, learned and worked at the carpenter's trade, which he followed till 1875, at which time he came to Pottawattamie County, having emigrated from Ohio to Marion County, Iowa, in 1865, where he followed the carpenter's trade till coming to this county and buying the farm of 120 acres where he now lives. He has constructed a rotary or endless engine, on which he secured a patent January 3, 1882. Mr. Myers married Miss Rebecca J. Fernow in Ross County, Ohio, March 27, 1857; she was born in the same county May 2, 1835. Her father, David Fernow, born in Morgan County, Va., February 2, 1798, was a farmer, and died December 8, 1865, in Ross County, Ohio. Her mother, Rebecca Parrott, was born in Virginia March 4, 1802, died December 2, 1879, and was the mother of thirteen children, of whom seven are living. Mr. and Mrs. Myers have five children; two girls are married - Frances E. McConnaughey, Matilda A. Bates, R. Dudley, Willard D. and Joseph H. Subject is a member of the Odd Fellows Lodge, No. 421. Mr. Myers has been an active member of the Christian Church for over twenty years. He is a strong Democrat.


Farmer and stock-dealer, P.O. Carson, was born in Belmont County, Ohio, June 2, 1836. His father, Jesse Perry, was born in Pennsylvania about 1816; settled in Bureau County, Ill., in 1852, where he was employed in farming till his death in July, 1873. Subject's mother, Malinda (Pool) Perry, was born in Loudoun County, Va., in 1818, and died about 1857, and was the mother of eight children, of whom seven are still living, all in Illinois and Iowa except one in California. Mr. Perry attended the common schools, and began farming in his native county on his own farm, where he continued till moving to the town of Malden in March, 1875. He then came to this county and bought his present farm of 520 acres, paying $4,160 for the same. It is now valued at $35 or $40 an acre, and is situated on Gray Bill or Second Creek, one and one-fourth miles southeast of Carson. After making improvements on his farm, Mr. Perry brought his family to it in April, 1880, from the town of Malden, Ill. Mr. Perry was married, in Bureau County, Ill., January 9, 1861, to Arminda E. Hogue, born in Belmont County, Ohio, May 17, 1838, daughter of Nimrod and Sarah A. (Palmer) Hogue, natives of Belmont County, Ohio; he, born in 1816. is a farmer, now living in Pottawattamie County, where he moved in 1880, she, born in 1818, died in 1880. Mr. and Mrs. Perry have had four children, two of whom, twins, Elbert and Delbert, are dead; those living are Nora and Sarah M. When quite young, Mr. and Mrs. Perry both became members of the Methodist Episcopal Church in Ohio. Mr. Perry has been Township Trustee of Macedonia for the past two years; he is a Republican.


Miller, Macedonia, was born in Rock Island County, Ill., at Rapid City, October 19, 1855. His father, L. S. Pruden, was born in Athens, Athens County, Ohio, May 29, 1831; he remained in Ohio till twenty years old, then emigrated to Rock Island County, Ill., in 1850. He, with his father, owned and operated a grist-mill in connection with an oil mill and salt works near Athens; there subject's father and grandfather, while boring for salt, struck one of the first oil wells discovered in Ohio, although the substance which proved to be oil, afterward, was not detected as such at that time. This property was sold, when the family emigrated to Rock Island County, Ill. There subject's father bought the place known as "Sulphur Spring Farm," situated about ten miles south of the eity of Rock Island, and near the town of Andalusia. After two years, he sold his farm and removed to Rock Island County, Ill., where he, with James Barber laid out the town of Rapid City in 1853. There he built the Rapid City Mill and operated it till April 14, 1863; sold his property, and, with his family, moved to Potosi, Washington County. Mo., where he engaged in lead raining for two years. He then returned to Rock Island County, Ill., where he worked one year in the same mill he had sold; then, in 1870, he emigrated to Gleuwood, Mills County, Iowa, where he operated a mill known as the Gordon Mills, for three ysars; thence he moved to Falls City, Richardson County, Neb.; operated a mill one year; thence to Fremont County, Iowa, and operated a mill. Then he bought a property, and built what is known as the "Sunny Side Mill," situated one and a half miles southwest of Macedonia, Pottawattamie County, Iowa. Here the father's health failed aud he went West, leaving his son, our subject, in charge of the mill. His father recovered partially and returned to Iowa, but on account of a relapse, returned to the West, and died at Boulder City, Boulder County, Col., April 26, 1881. Subject's mother, Amelia M. Ruby, was born in Cattaraugus County, N. Y., October 14, 1838. She is the mother of three girls and one boy. Subject learned the milling trade with his father and was in business with him till his death. Subject is still operating the Sunny Side Mill on Nishnabotna River. Mr. Pruden married Miss J. M. Hogan, of Avoca, Pottawattamie County, Iowa, January 27, 1881. She was born August 3, 1858, near Avoca, Pottawattamie County. Iowa. Her father, James S. Hogau, was born in Indiana, December 25, 1825, and died February 15, 1862; her mother, A. Y. (Wilson) Hogan, was born in Fulton County, Ill,, October 14, 1837, and has had three children. Subject and wife have one child - Odessa Maud, born November 20, 1882. In politics, Mr. Pruden is a Greenbacker; he is an Odd Fellow.

RINEHART, William H.

Farmer, P. O. Macedonia, was born in New York City October 7, 1826, son of John and Susan M. (Livers) Rinehart; he, born February 18, 1800, in York County, Penn., is a carpenter by trade, living in Illinois. Subject's mother was born in Baltimore, Md., March 5, 1805, and died December 29, 1881; she was the mother of seven boys and three girls. Mr. Rinehart learned the painter's trade in Warrensville, Ill., which trade he followed in that town and vicinity till about 1852, when he came to Iowa and settled in Manteno, Shelby County. In the latter place he followed his trade for about two years, then rented a farm in Mills County for two years, thence to Pottawattamie County, where, after renting land for three years, he bought 120 acres where he now lives, on the west bank of Nishnabotna River. This farm which was purchased May 29, 1872, is one and  a half miles southwest of Macedonia. Mr. Rinehart enlisted in the Twenty-ninth Iowa Infantry, and served two years and eleven months, the last year of his service he was driver for Gen. Steele. Mr. Rinehart was married in Illinois, July 4, 1850, to Elizabeth Pelham, born in England November 21, 1829, daughter of George and Louisa Pelham; he, born in England, March 19, 1809, is living in Illinois; she, born in England, December 28, 1809, lives in Illinois and is the mother of six children. Mr. and Mrs. Rinehart have eight children - George J., born March 8, 1851; Henry T., April 14, 1853; Lydia Jane, February 6, 1856; Almeda L., January 1, 1858; Adelah E., July 20, 1860; Minnie May, September 14, 1866; Warren L. G., January 13, 1869, ancLRose Altha, born July 6, 1S70. Mr.
Rinehart is a Mason and a firm Republican.


Merchant, Carson, was born in Champaign County, Ohio, June 18, 1857, son of John and Eliza I. (Burnham) Roades; he, born in Ohio about 1835, is a farmer and stock-dealer, living in Logan County, Ill.; she, born in Ohio about 1830, is the mother of six children, one of whom is dead. Mr. Roades received a common-school education, and began the business of life as a farmer in Logan County, Ill.; there he remained one year and then came to Iowa in 1877, locating at Wheeler's Grove, Grove Township, Pottawattamie County, where he rented a farm for one year of L. D. Woodmansee; after renting another farm for a year he bought forty acres for S12.50 an acre, in Belknap Township, this he improved and sold for $26 an acre. In March, 1882, after selling his farm, Mr. Roades bought a half interest in I. Culbertson's store, known as the Farmer's Store of Carson. The firm is now Culbertson & Roades, and deals in groceries, queensware and notions. In July, 1881, he bought another lot and erected a house upon it in Carson, and in July, 1882, he bought another lot and erected a house upon it; he now rents them for $6 and $7 per month, respectively. In 1879, Mr. Roades assisted in the harvesting of oats, where the town of Carson now stands. Mr. Roades is a member of the I. O. O. F., No. 444, also of the M. E. Church; he is a Republican.


Farmer, P. O. Macedonia, was born in Canada December 4, 1826; son of Robert and Mary (Thompson) Smith; he born in Ireland about 1788, came to America in 1826, settling in Peel County, Canada, where he followed farming till his death, which occurred about 1848; she born in Ireland about 1792, came to America with her husband and three children; after coming to this country she gave birth to five more children, of whom our subject was the first born; five of the children are living, all in Canada except our subject. Mr. Smith commenced his education in the common schools of Canada, and afterward graduated at Toronto Normal School in the class of 1850. After graduating, Mr. Smith taught in Canada till March, 1867, when he emigrated to Cass County, Iowa, and rented a farm for two years near Atlantic, during which time he taught school one term. He next spent one year on a farm near Lewis, Cass County, then one year on a farm near Macedonia, Pottawattamie County, thence to Farm Creek bottom for three years, at the end of which time Mr. Smith purchased the farm of 160 acres where he now resides. He has taught school the successive winters of these years. In 1848, Mr. Smith married Miss Margaret McElroy of Brampton, Canada West; she died about 1864, and was the mother of seven children - Mary J. (married to Lorenzo Lewis), Thompson, Alice E. (now in Colorado), Margaret A., Martin, Robert J. and Eliza L. Mr. Smith's next marriage was in March, 1867, to Miss Agues Blain, of Streetsville, Canada West, born about 1826, daughter of William and Jane (Hill) Blain, natives of Ireland; he born about 1787, died in 1871; she born about 1790, died in 1831. Mr. Smith lived directly in the path of the cyclone that passed through this region, June 9, 1880; it scattered his house and its contents in all directions. Mr. Smith, with his wife, one daughter and a hired man, fled to the stable and were miraculously saved, the corner of the building in which they had taken shelter remaining, while the rest of the building was swept away. Mr. Smith, wife and one daughter, are active members of the Presbyterian Church of Macedonia.


Farmer, P. O. Carson, was born in Lee County, Iowa, February 28, 1850; son of Simpson and Lucinda (Tade) Snapp; he born in Tennessee, September 6, 1816, was a farmer by occupation, settled in Lee County, Iowa, in an early day, and lived in that county till his death, May 28, 1874. Subject's mother was born December 3, 1S22, and died in March, 1869; she was the mother of eight children, all living in this county, except one deceased. Mr. Snapp attended the common schools of his native county, and then attended Denmark Academy, in Denmark, Iowa; also went to Fort Madison Academy, and took a full course in book-keeping. He first farmed in his native county one year, then in 1876 came to this county and settled on a farm now owned by Adam Ring; there he remained till 1880 when he bought 160 acres where he now lives, one mile west of Carson. Mr. Snapp paid $25 an acre for his farm, which is now valued at S40 an acre; he deals extensively, and successfully, in cattle and hogs. He was married in Pottawattamie County, June 26, 1879, to Floda I. Jeffryes, born in Illinois March 15, 1861; daughter of T. W. and Eliza J. (Hamilton) Jeffryes; he born in England in 1818, and came to America about 1847; she born in Indiana about 1830. Mr. and Mrs. Snapp have one child - Arthur R., born September 4, 1880.


Editor, Macedonia, was born in Perry County, Ohio, October 9, 1846; his father, Edward Spencer, born in 1818 in Pennsylvania, was a miller by trade, went to the army in September, 1862, and died in a rebel prison near Richmond in June, 1863, having been captured by "Stonewall" Jackson. Subject's mother, Polly (Fowler) Spencer, was born in Ohio, and died in 1854; she was the mother of five children, one of whom died in 1856. Mr. Spencer began on a farm as a hired laborer, and continued as such until going into the army in 1862, when he enlisted in the Seventy-sixth Ohio Volunteers, Col. Woods, serving a portion of his time in the Army of the Potomac and the balance in the Arm of the Cumberland. He was at the siege of Vicksburg and the battle of Arkansas Post, also in other engagements, serving a period of two years. After leaving the army, Mr. Spencer returned to Ohio; from there, went to Illinois with a younger brother and a sister, making his home at Bushnell. In the spring of 1865, he, with his brother, B. F. Spencer, went to the gold mines of Gilpin County, Colo., where they remained till June, 1867, when the Indians drove them out. .Mr. Spencer then determined to leave those parts, so he with three other men started in a small boat down the Missouri River, and continued the journey to Leavenworth, Kan., making a trip of about twelve hundred miles, occupying about twenty days. After landing at Leavenworth, Mr. Spencer took a trip through Kansas, then returning to Illinois. In March, 1872, he bought a half-interest in the Bushnell Record, of Bushnell, Ill., with S. A. Epperson, with whom he continued till 1874. He next engaged in real estate and insurance business. In March, 1878, he established the McDonough Monthly at Bushnell, Ill., but, on account of the vast number of papers published in the county, this enterprise proved impracticable, and was discontinued. In June, 1880, Mr. Spencer came to Macedonia and started the Macedonia Tribune, issuing the first paper August 13, 1880. He also established a real estate, insurance and loan agency, and he is now doing a thriving business. Mr. Spencer has had to make his own way in the world since eight years of age, and is therefore a purely self-made man. He married Miss Serilda Steel, of Bushnell, Ill., February 8, 1874; she was born February 2, 1855; her father, Graff Steel, was born in Ohio, and is a grain-dealer, living in Illinois; her mother's maiden name was Pontious; she died in 1872. Mr. Spencer is purely a Republican and edits a Republican paper. He was a correspondent of the Chicago Inter Ocean during his last five years at Bushnell, Ill. Mr. Spencer's trip on the river gave rise to the story, written by himself, of "A Thousand Miles in a Canoe." He is a member of the Odd Fellows Lodge of Macedonia. Mr. and Mrs. Spencer have four children - Walter Clyde, Lena Myrtle, Ethel and Helen.


Blacksmith and wagonmaker, Carson, was born in Prussia February 8, 1852; his father, F. W. Stadter, was born in Prussia about 1818, came to America about 1857, and settled in Davis County, Iowa, on a farm; there he raised his family, and, in 1878, moved into the town of Ottumwa, where he still lives. Subject's mother, Mary (Plushantz) Stadter, was born in Prussia about 1822, and came to this country with her husband; she has had ten children, six of whom are dead. Mr. Stadter attended the common schools of Davis County, Iowa, and in 1872 began serving an apprenticeship at blacksmithing and carriage-making at Ottumwa, Iowa, with W. C. Grimes. In 1875, having learned his trade, he opened a shop in Slagle, Keokuk Co., Iowa, where he remained till 1880, when he came to Carson and opened the first wagon and carriage shop of the place. Mr. Stadter owns three lots in the town of Carson and a farm of 160 acres in Woodliury County, Iowa. He is a member of the Winebrennarian Church, is an Odd Fellow, and a member of the Encampment, also of the Iowa Legion of Honor; he is a staunch Republican.


Physician, Carson, was born in Chatham Village, Columbia County, N. Y., September 23, 1845. His father, Caleb J. Thomas, was born in Champlain, Clinton Co., N. Y., March 10, 1807. He was engaged in the cotton and woolen factories of the East, in which he was very successful until 1837, when the financial crisis swept away so many hard-earned fortunes. He was among the unfortunate, but paid every dollar of debt, thus being left without anything to begin life anew. This he did by going onto the railroad as a brakeman, where he continued till promoted to conductorship; then he left the railroad and came to Illinois in 1847, and located at Warsaw, Hancock County. There he followed painting for two years, then bought a farm of eighty acres three miles south of Warsaw. Here his children grew up. He moved from the farm back into Warsaw to afford his children better opportunities of education. From this town he moved to Atlantic, Iowa, in 1874, where he, with his wife, made their home with their daughter, the late wife of Hon. J. K. Powers, until 1878, when they made their home with the subject, then at Walnut, Pottawattamie County, where his father died July 21, 1880. Subject's mother, Catharine (Smith) Thomas, was born in Livingston, Columbia Co., N. Y., September 16, 1806. She died August 25, 1881. She was the mother of six children, all of whom are dead but the subject. Three died in New York - Edward, Charles and William; one is buried in Illinois - Mrs. M. F. Clark, and one is buried at Atlantic, Iowa - Mrs. Anna L. Powers, late wife of Hon. J. K. Powers, of Atlantic, Iowa. Dr. Thomas began his educational work in the common schools of Illinois; thence he entered the Warsaw High School, where he graduated in 1864. He then went into the army as a private in the One Hundred and Thirty-seventh Illinois Infantry, where he continued six months. The war was then over, and Dr. Thomas clerked about one year in the Keokuk Post Office, Iowa; thence he spent one season on the Keokuk Mail Packet Line as mail agent. Then he entered the drug store of Dr. C. G. Strong, at Warsaw, Ill., and began reading medicine; attended two courses of medical lectures at Keokuk Medical College (now College of Physicians and Surgeons), graduating February 21, 1870. He then took a special course in surgery under the late Prof. Hughes, of Keokuk. He began practice at Bentonsport, Van Buren Co., Iowa, in April, 1870. He removed to Atlantic in the spring of 1871, entered the drug businessunder the firm name of Tobie & Thomas, continuing there till 1872 and then moving to Macedonia, Pottawattamie County, where he practiced medicine, doing remarkably well, but, owing to the ill health of his wife, he moved to Walnut in 1877. There he continued practice until August, 1880, when he moved back to Carson, where he is now located, and has a very fine practice. The Doctor is the oldest graduate of medicine in this portion of Pottawattamie County. He has a fine residence and other property in Carson. He is a member of the Masonic and Odd Fellows fraternities, and in politics he is a (Blaine) Republican. Dr. Thomas married Miss Mary Ella Ferrier at Atlantic, Iowa, October 15, 1873. She was born in Platte City, Platte Co., Mo., September 4, 1850. Her father, John Ferrier, born in Virginia April 29, 1819, is living near Atlantic, Iowa. Her mother, Jane E. (Walker) Ferrier, was born in Virginia February 29, 1821, died February 3, 1867, in Des Moines, Iowa. Dr. Thomas and wife have two children - Ethel, born Februar 21, 1878, and Edith, November 25, 1880. Dr. Thomas was Coroner of Pottawattamie County from 1873 to 1875. He was prominently mentioned for Representative in 1875. He is a member of the Town Council of Carson, also a member of the School Board of that place.


Station agent and telegraph operator, Macedonia, was born in Schenectady, N. Y., March 11, 1848; his father, Abram S. Van Vranken, was born in Niskayuna Township, near Schenectady, N. Y., June 27, 1817; his father, Simon Van Vranken, was born in 1775, and died in 1849; his father, Nicholas VanVranken, was born in 1745; his father, Abraham Van Vranken, was born about 1715. These men were all farmers, and were doubtless born, raised, lived and died in this portion of the country. Being originally from Holland, they continued the use of the language of their mother country up to the present generation. All lived and died as strict adherents to the Protestant faith. Mr. Van Vranken's father lives in the place of his birth in New York. He was a farmer in the early part of his life, but later years has followed carpentering and various other occupations. He is a very prominent and zealous lay-worker of the Church. The mother of our subject, Lydia (Bradt) Vranken, was born in 1823 in the city of Albauy, N. Y. She was the daughter of Francis I. Bradt, a prominent citizen of Albany, N. Y., and was the mother of six children, of whom four are still living. She and Abram Van Vranken were married in Albany, N. Y., in 1839; she died August 19, 1851. Subject's father next married Silah W. Day, of Connecticut. Subject was educated in the Union School of Schenectady, and began for himself by coming West in the fall of 1867 and stopping at Chicago, where he was engaged in various employments, until the winter of 1868, when he learned telegraphy, and was subsequently employcd as telegraph operator and station agent by the T. P. & W. R. R. Co. at Watseka and Forest, Ill.; he continued in their employ about two years; then was employed by the C, B. & Q. R. R. Co. at Middletown, Mount Pleasant, New London, Hamburg, and finally Macedonia, where he is now located. Mr. Van Vranken married Miss Hannah E. Gladden, of Middletown, Iowa, August 12, 1872. Her father, Madison Gladden, born about 1807, is a farmer, living near Middletown, Iowa, where he located about 1862, emigrating there from Jefferson County, Ohio. Her mother, Martha (McElroy) Gladden, born about 1814, died in 1866. Subject and wife have five children - Eula M., Frank A., Ernestina A., Iola B. and Sila D. Mr. Van Vranken is a Republican, and a member of the Presbyterian Church.


Merchant, farmer and  O. Macedonia, was born in New Jersey in 1839; his father, John Woodmansee, was born in New Jersey in 1804; he was a sailor for the first forty years of his life, and a Captain a good portion of this time; he met with heavy losses, being shipwrecked off the American coast. The loss being total, he emigrated to Shelby County, Ohio, in 1844, where he located on a farm near Sidney; there he has since followed agricultural pursuits, and has been very successful, being among the leading men of the county. Subject's mother, Harriet (Platt) Woodmansee, was born in New Jersey in 1808, and is the mother of seven children, one of whom is dead. Mr. Woodmansee was educated in the common schools of Ohio, and enlisted in the three months' service; then re-enlisted in the Twentieth Ohio Regiment, where he served as a private until after the battle of Shiloh, when he was promoted to Second Lieutenant; he was made First Lieutenant in 1S63; was severely wounded at Atlanta, Ga., July 22, 1864. in consequence of which he was disabled two full years, being discharged in 1864. Upon being discharged, he was tendered a Captain's commission as soon as he should be able to take command; but he was not able to do so till the war closed. After coming from the army, he emigrated to Pottawattamie County, Macedonia Township, and settled at the old town of Macedonia for one year, during which time he bought the farm on which he now lives, moving to it the next year, or in the fall of 1866. This farm consists of 250 acres, and bounds the town of New Macedonia on the west; it was wild land when Mr. Woodmansee settled on it, but now is a beautiful home. Mr. Woodmansee served on the Board of County Commissioners in 1868, filling a vacancy, and has served his township in nearly all of its offices. He is a member of the firm of Woodmansee, Knox & Co., of Macedonia, and also turns his attention largely to the raising of stock. He is a firm Republican. He married Miss Jennie Robinson, of Shelby County, Ohio, in September, 1866; she was born in Shelby County, Ohio, June 30, 1843; her father, Henry Robinson, was born in Shelby County, Ohio, February 17, 1814; still lives in the same county on a farm near Sidney; her mother was born in Champaign County, Ohio, November 29, 1817, and is the mother of eleven children, eight of whom are living. Mr. and Mrs. Woodmansee have five children - Frank E., born December 27, 1868; Minuie E., February 28, 1872; Harry L., August 16, 1874; John H., December 24, 1876, and Stella May, born December 5, 1878. Mr. Woodmansee carries a scar on his forehead that will go with him to the grave. During the Kansas troubles he, with some other young men, went into that State, and while at Fort Scott they followed a party of Indians that had captured two girls a short distance north of the fort. These Indians were followed by a large party, all of whom gave up the chase, except Mr. Woodmansee and his four companions, who continued, and overtaking the redskins, who numbered sixteen, whipped them, recaptured the girls, and brought them safely back to Fort Scott, which at that time contained but one small store. During this skirmish, Mr. Woodmansee received a wound, which occasioned the scar before mentioned.

From History of Pottawattamie County, Iowa, published by O. L. Baskin & Co.