B. F. Joy Diary, 1866

Transcription of the 1866 Diary of Benjamin F. Joy, age 13, living in Peoria, Mahaska county, Iowa. It is fun read and a great view of life just after the Civil War in Iowa. See the end of the file for identification of some of the people and places mentioned. The original is now in the possession of a descendant living in Sioux City, Iowa. Contributed by Jessica Frost

 

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Front inside cover:

B.F. Joy

Jan 1. 1866

Monday, January 1 1866.

Went Scating with Gan Z. Gardner and Soloman

George Holan an eat turkey to Ant Eliza

Tuesday 2

Went over the river in the forenoon and got my book and went to school in the afternoon

Wednesday 3

Went to school and help pa start to Oskaloosa with his barley

Thursday, January 4, 1866.

Went to school

Friday 5

Went to school and went to riting school lasnight

Saturday 6

Help make a sheep shead and hald some feed and Aunt Jerusha dide

Sunday, January 7, 1866.

Went to Aunt Jerusha funeral it was preached at 3 oclock

Monday 8

Went to school

At noon went a skating with Jim and Picton

Tuesday 9

Went to school it has rained and frose ice all day

Wednesday, January 10, 1866.

Went to school it has rained all day.  buchley  was bank full this morning

Thursday 11

Went to school

Friday 12

Went to school

It is as mudy as it can bee

It is agoing to freese to night

 

Saturday, January 13, 1866.

Help chop some Sunday wood and drive the calves to water and set by the fire the rest of the day

Sunday 14

Drove the calves to watter and help do the chores and set in the house

Monday 15

Went to school it has snowed all day

Tuesday, January 16, 1866.

Went to school and help do the chores pa and Jim haled [8] loads of fwood

Wednesday 17

Went to school

Jim and Lester haled one load of wood

Thursday 18

Went to school  Lester and Jim haled two loads of wood

Friday, January 19, 1866.

I and pa and Lester and Jim Wm haled five loads of bwood and I drove the cattle to wattl

It is a snowing

Saturday 20

Went to school this fore noon and help chop the Sundays wood and Jim and I and ma got some runners [?] for a hand sled.

Sunday 21

Went up to aunt Almgracb

Have just been eating walnuts and halesnunts

Monday, January 22, 1866.

Went to school

Pa and jim went to the coal bank and did not get but about 15 or 16 bushel

Tuesday 23

Went to school

Jim and I have just been amaking a handsled

Wednesday 24

Lester and Jim and Wm and I haled 4 loads of wood and Jim broke our old sleed  pa and uncle jim make a bob

Thursday, January 25, 1866.

Went to school and went to spelling school

Friday 26

Went to school

I have just come home from spelling school

Saturday 27

Pa and I haled 2 load of feed and chopped the Sunday wood

Sunday, January 28, 1866.

Went down and chopped the ice for the cattle and watered the calves at the well

Monday 29

Help ma wash this fore noon and this after noon went to school

Tuesday 30

Went to school

I haled snow this morning for ma to wash with

Wednesday, January 31, 1866.

Went to school

Pa and ma has gone over to uncle Solomon

Jim and Mary came home to day

Thursday February 1

Went to school this fore noon and this after noon I haled one log to the mill and we have got one on the sled up to the stable

Friday 2

Went to school

I have just came home from spelling school

Saturday, February 3, 1866.

I help chop the Sunday wood and jim and Wm and I went a hunting

Jim shot twice and did not kill nary time

Sunday 4

I have don any thing

One of the old ewes had two little lambs

Monday 5

Went to school

Mr Crowders folks has been here all the evening and Mr Vancleve and Mrs vacleve

Tuesday, February 6, 1866.

Help Pa and Jim load a log and I haled one load of wood in the fore noon and in the after noon went to school

Wednesday 7

Went to school and help do the chorse

Thursday 8

Went to school

Jim  and Grampa and Uncle Boliver went over to Uncle Solomons and haled (hauled) three load of hay

Friday, February 9, 1866.

Went to school and Uncle Solomon come over here

Saturday 10

Help chop the Sunday wood and haled a logs and play

Sunday 11

Went down to Uncle Jim and got all and then went to Mr Titinan

Monday, February 12, 1866.

Went to school

Pa and ma went to pella with uncle boliver and aunt Elmyra

Tuesday 13

Went to school

Pa and ma went to pella and is not agoing to come home to night

Wednesday 14

Went to school

Pa and ma has not come home yet

Thursday, February 15, 1866.

Went to school

Mr Selmon and Mrs Selmon is here to night and Aunt Almgra and Uncle Boliver

Friday 16

Went to school

Pa and ma has come and they brought a load of coal

Saturday 17

Pa and I went over to about a mile beyond pella and got a load of coal for the miting house

Sunday, February 18, 1866.

I have just come from meeting

Mr Wintermute died

Monday 19

Went to school and have just come home from meting.  Pa went to Oskaloosa this morning.

Tuesday 20

Picton and I whatched the cattle in the stocks and went to Mr Wintermutes funeral

Wednesday, February 21, 1866.

Went to school

Jim and Uncle Solomon and Pic. Went over the river and got their chickens

Thursday 22

Went to school  bil and Jim went a koon hunting this fore noon

Friday 23

Went to school and Jim haled 2 logs to the mill

Saturday, February 24, 1866.

Will went after pa {*} and help chop the Sunday wood and help haled 3 loads of feed and played and went a skating

Sunday 25

Went to Sunday school and meting and have just came home from meting to night

Monday 26

Went to school and have just came home from meting

Tuesday, February 27, 1866.

I and Picton and Angeline and 3 Marys and Solomon and (Metty?) all of us went down to Uncle James and we had some fun

Wednesday 28

Went to school

Jim and Uncle Salomom went down to his pl[ace] and got a load of corn

Thursday March 1

I have payed all day and help saw some wood.

Friday, March 2, 1866.

I have played

Will and Charles Crowder went a hunting.

Saturday 3

Picton and I hearded the cattle in the stocks a croos the brank and help chop some wood fore Aunt Eliza

Sunday 4

I watered the calved at the well I have just came home from meting

Monday, March 5, 1866.

Went to school

Bil has gone up to set up with grampa

Tuesday 6

I help hal two barrels of watter and two loads of feed

Wednesday 7

Went to school and help do the chores

Thursday, March 8, 1866.

Pic and I hearded the cattle this fore noon and this after noon went to school

Friday 9

Went to school

Bill and Charles Crowder has out to the prairie school house to a exibetion

Saturday 10

Help chop some wood and help hal some feed

Sunday, March 11, 1866.

Pa  and Uncle Solomon has been up to Uncle Boliver all day

Monday 12

Help Uncle Solomon drive his cattle down to his place

Tuesday 13

Went to school

Uncle Solomon was up and got a load of things

Wednesday, March 14, 1866.

I left school and chopped some wood

Thursday 15

Jim and I had chopped all day and bill has gone to work for Eal Alen

Friday 16

Help hall seven loads of Manure and one load of feed and help chop some wood

Saturday, March 17, 1866.

I chopped the most of the Sunday wood and help hall some wood

Sunday 18

I have ben to meeting.

Monday 19

Uncle Solomons folks was all up here and went to Pella and chopped a lot of wood

Tuesday, March 20, 1866.

Help hall 2 loads of feed and help chop the nights wood

Wednesday 21

Pa and Uncle Bolivar and Jim and I and George went and got a log for Mr Hunt and took Ella and Mary down to Uncle James

Thursday 22

I and Henry and Solomon haled up an load of feed and played and this after non I choped the night wood

Friday, March 23, 1866.

Solomon and I hearded the cattle in the stocks and help pa saw a log into down to the Mill

Saturday 24

Help chop the Sunday wood and went down to Mr. Hunts and Jim grind his ax

Sunday 25

Went up to meting and John come home with me and we rode the horses to watter.

Monday, March 26, 1866.

The snow is about all gone of it is as mudy as it can be we haled seven logs to the Mill

Tuesday 27

Urwin and charl and Solomon and I haled 2 loads of dung and pa loaded it and one load of feed with an yoke of 2 yearlins and one yoke of yearlins

Wednesday 28

Haled [?]  with dick and fly, and Jim haled a load of wood

Thursday, March 29, 1866.

I chopped some wood and Jim and I went a hunting

Friday 29

Pa and Salomon and I hearded the cattle in the field

Saturday 31

Bill and Adison and I went a hunting and chopped the sun day wood

Sunday April 1, 1866.

Went and drove the cattle and hogs out of the field and went to meting

Monday 2

Went to school

To day was the first day of school

Tuesday 3

Went to school

Wednesday, April 4, 1866.

Went to school  Bill went a fishing and caught a good mess

Thursday 5

Went to school and pa made a new farrow

Friday 6

Pa and ma wet to Oskaloosa insed of Saturday

Wento school sating

Saturday, April 7, 1866.

Went to school

Bill and Charles Crowder went a fishing and caught 4 Bass and 2 pike pa and ma went to Oskaloosa

Sunday 8

I have just come home from Uncle Solomons

Monday 9

Help plow in  some wheet with the duble shovel Jim has got the ague to night

Tuesday April 10, 1866.

Went to school and bill went a hunting

Wednesday 11

Went to school in the after noon and in the fore noon help plade in sam wheep

(plowed in some wheat?)

Thursday 12

Went to school we have got our wheet all sold

Friday, April 13, 1866.

Brushed in a lot of wheep and burley

Saturday 14

Help hall up same feed and went down to the shop and got the flour

Sunday 15

Went to Sunday school and meting

Monday, April 16, 1866.

Went to school

Pa and Jim and Will went to the timber and split some rails

Tuesday 17

Went to school and help drive the cattle and sheep on the praria it was the warmest eve of an had this sprn

Wednesday 18

Went to school, and plowed some

I came from school out wheet is a coming up

Thursday April 19, 1866.

Went to school

Pa has set out some apple trees

Friday 20

Went to school

Pa went to pella

Saturday 21

I plowed some and played Uncle Solomons Children has all ben here

Sunday April 22, 1866.

Went to Sunday school Uncle Solomon family was all up

Monday 23

Went to school in the fore noon and in the after noon I plowed

Tuesday 24

Help fix some fence and burned some grass and made some garden

Wednesday, April 25, 1866.

Help plow some ground for oats and harrow and brush them in

Thursday 26

Plowed and help make some garden fense and help set out some Currants sprouts

Friday 27

Brushed in the forenoon and watched the sheep in the afternoon

Saturday, April 28, 1866.

Brushed pa has got out corn planter fixed

Sunday 29

Went to Sunday school and heard ed the sheep

Monday 30

Went to school in the fore noon and this after noon harrowed down stocks

Tuesday, May 1, 1866.

Pa nad I plowed bill has been up to his hucks

Wednesday 2

I have been down to the river to a May party

Thursday 3

Help Solomon start the sheep to the field and planted corn

Friday May 4, 1866.

Pa and bill and Irwin has plowed and pa plowed this after non I and Jim has planted corn

Saturday 5

Plowed for Eden hunt and got one dollar and a half pa and bil and Jim and Solomon went a fishing

Sunday 6

Went to Sunday school and went down to Jimes and got my dinner

Monday, May 7, 1866.

I played pa and Jim went to Oskaloosa to help move Mr Baxter

Tuesday 8

Help pic the cata pillars off of the apple trees  pa and Jim/I went down to get a nother load for Mr Baxter and is acoming home to morrow

Wednesday 9

Bil and Solomon and I had grubed and proked the fbrussh off of the fall wheet pa and Jim has come home

Thursday May 10, 1866.

Chopped some wood and help hoe some in the garden and brushed this after noon for corn Jim moved yesterday

Friday 11

Brushed in the fore noon and in the afternoon and pa planted corn and Jim marked out.  Bill l is a working for ur warren

Saturday 12

James and I planted corn

Sunday, May 13, 1866.

Went to Sunday school and to meting

Monday 14

James and I have plowed I have caught 3 gofers pa has sold 5 steers for $190 to Mr Baxter

Tuesday 15

James and I have plowed and Uncle Solomon was up here

Wednesday, May 16, 1866.

Solomon brushed in the forenoon and I harrowed and Jim and I planted corn this after noon

Thursday 17

Pa marked out and Jim and I planted corn and Jim went down to mark out for Uncle Solomon

Friday 18

Pa went down to sheer uncle solomons sheep and I went a fishing

Saturday, May 19, 1866.

Pa and I went a fishing with Mr Alen with the sane a lots of fish

Sunday 20

Went to Sunday school and George came home with me

Monday 21

Went to school to day was the first day of school.

Tuesday, May 22, 1866.

Went down to the river and help wash our sheep

Wednesday 23

Went to school pa went to Mr Berries to a raising

Thursday 24

Went to school and plowed some corn this evening

Friday, May 25, 1866.

Went to school and plowed some corn this evening

Saturday 26

I plowed 3 rows of corn and cleaned out the stable in the fore noon and in the afternoon went a fishing

Sunday 27

Went to Sunday school and George come home with me

Monday May 28, 1866.

Went to school

Pa and ma went down to Uncle James to get a load of hay

Tuesday 29

Help sheer sheep Uncle Boliver and Aunt Elnara was here there was a frost last night

Wednesday 30

Help sheer sheep

All Smith and I sheered 14 sheep

Thursday May 31, 1866.

Went to school they have finished our sheep Jim and Will went a fishing and caught 2

Friday June 1

Went to scool

Saturday 2

Plowed corn all the fore noon and in the afternoon went to up to Mr Paytons to get Jims cow

Sunday, June 3, 1866.

Went to meting up to Galesburg with Mr Paytons

Monday 4

Help Mr Payton set up cane and come home and brought Jimes cow

Tuesday 5

Went to school it has rained all day

Wednesday, June 6, 1866.

Went to school and plowed a row of corn

Thursday 7

Went to school

Pa has worked the road

Friday 8

Went to school

Pa has been a working on the road Jim and Wm ahas plowed corn this afternoon

Saturday, June 9, 1866.

Pa and Jim and Will and I has plowed corn

Pa and ma has gone down to uncle James

Sunday 10

I caught one gofer and went down to Jimes and got my dinner

Monday 11

Went to school

Bill went a fishing and caught a pike that weighed 17 ¼

Tuesday, June 12, 1866.

Went to school

Bill went a fishing and caught 8 little ones

Wednesday 13

Went to school

Pa and ma went down to Oskaloosa and got me a new coat and jacket and pants and sold my j_f_rhider

Thursday 14

Went to school in the forenoon and in the afternoon plowed corn

Friday, June 15, 1866.

Went to school

I made a mistake here this is for Wednesday

Saturday 16

Plowed in the forenoon and in the after noon went down to Uncle Solomons

Sunday 17

I went a straw ferrying and come home

Monday, June 18, 1866.

Went to school and plowed corn this evening

Tuesday 19

James Aand I have plowed corn and ma had a wool picking

Wednesday 20

James and George Holland and I have plowed corn

Thursday, June 21, 1866.

Went to school it rained this morning real hard

Friday 22

Went to school

Saturday 23

Plowed 8 roes of corn this forenoon and went a hunting this afternoon

Sunday, June 24, 1866.

Pa and Will and Mary and Salamon went up to Sundy school  and I turned the horses out

Monday 25

George Holland and have plowedeven and Jim has haled cane

Tuesday 26

Went to school pa and ma went down to Uncle Salomans

Wednesday, June 27, 1866.

Went to school

Pa and ma has come home

Thursday 28

Will and Jim and George Holland and I have plowed corn

Friday 29

Will and Jim and George and I have plowed corn

Saturday, June 30, 1866.

Pa and I got a load of wood and pa and ma went to Pella and bill went to Galesburg

Sunday, July 1

Pa and ma has come home and Will has come home

Monday 2

Went to school

Bill went to Oskaloosa to help drive some hogs for Mr Burden

Tuesday, July 3, 1866.

Went to school

Bill come home this afternoon

Wednesday 4

I have just come home from buckey we had a party down there

Thursday 5

We have cut our barley and some fall wheet

Friday, July 6, 1866.

Born (crossed out)

Help cut wheet in the forenoon

Saturday 7

Pa and Solomon and I haled a load of wood in the forenoon

Sunday 8

Went up to Mr Baldings Grove to a sentury meting

Monday, July 9, 1866.

Went to school

Pa went to Oskaloosa with our wood

Tuesday 10

Went to school pa went down to Uncle Solomons to cut grass

Wednesday 11

Went to school ma went doan this morning Jim broke the rake

Thursday, July 12, 1866.

Went to school

I went a swimming

Friday 13

Went down to Uncle Solomons to help make hay

Saturday 14

Help hall hay to stack

Sunday, July 15, 1866.

Went to Sunday school and went up to Uncle Bolivers this after noon.

Monday 16

Went down and help cut Uncle Solomons wheet

Tuesday 17

Went down help cut wheet it rained pretty hard this after noon

Wednesday July 18, 1866.

Help bind wheet for Uncle James

Thursday 19

Help bind some oats for Uncle James this fore noon

Friday 20

Cleaned out the stable and chooped some wood in the fore noon and went to school in the after noon

Saturday, July 21, 1866.

I carried watter for them to cut our wheet and Eals Alens wheet

Sunday 22

Went to Sunday school and went up to Uncle Bolivers

Monday 23

Went to school Aunt Elmyra had a sewing and ma went up

Tuesday, July 24, 1866.

Went to school I made a mystake the sewing was to day

Wednesday 25

Went to school pa cut Wintermuts wheet

Thursday 26

Went to school

And went and got the sheep

Friday, July 27, 1866.

Went to Pella with Uncle Salolomon

Saturday 28

Chopped some wood and went up to Uncle Bolivers sale

Sunday 29

Went to Sunday school

Grampa was here for dinner

Monday, July 30, 1866.

Went to school

Pa is a cutting wheet for Mr Thomas to day

Tuesday 31

Went to school and went to hunt some sheep

Wednesday, August 1

Help bind oats this after noon

Thursday, August 2, 1866.

Went to school

Pa and Jim and Will and Mr Thomas stacked our wheet

Friday 3

Help stack our barley in the fore noon and in the after noon cut grass

Saturday 4

I pa and Solomon and I some cocked hay in the afternoon

Sunday, August 5, 1866.

Went to Sunday school and went down to Jimes and got some watter melon

Monday 6

Went to school

Tuesday 7

Went to school

Wednesday, August 8, 1866.

Went to school Uncle Boliver started to Misoria

Thursday 9

Cut grass for Uncle Jim in the fore noon and in the after noon for Uncle Solomon

Friday 10

Went to school to day was the last day

Saturday, August 11, 1866.

Mowed some weeds and stacked hay

Sunday 12

Went to Sunday school

Monday 13

Went down to Uncle Solomons to put up hay

Tuesday, August 14, 1866.

Went down to Uncle Solomns to cock hay

Wednesday 15

Went down to Uncle Solomons and stacked 1 stack and put Uncle Solomons share in the barn

Thursday 16

Thrashed some in the after noon

Friday, August 17, 1866.

Finished thrashing in the fore noon and went down to Uncle Solomons and got a load of hay

Saturday 18

I come home from Uncle Solomons and cut the Sunday wood

Sunday 19

Went to Sunday school

Monday, August 20, 1866.

Made some fense in the fore noon and Solomon and I cut weeds in the afternoon

Tuesday 21

Solomon and I have cut weeds

Wednesday 22

Help Jim clean out his seller

I was prettyng sick

Thursday, August 23, 1866.

Pa and I took our fal barley to Oskaloosa

Friday 24

Jim and I halled hay and pa stacked

Saturday 25

Jim and I haled 4 loads of hay for Aunt Eliza

Sunday, August 26, 1866.

Jim and I have watched the plumes

Monday 27

I have plowed and pa and the children gathered plumes I ma and Solomon was sick

Tuesday 28

Went to show with Jim

Wednesday, August 29, 1866.

Jim and I plowed this after noon

Thursday 30

Jim and I plowed in the fore noon and I plowed in the after noon

Friday 31

Went down to Uncle Jimes and got some cucumbers

Saturday, September 1, 1866.

I went down and got a bucket of plumes and chopped the Sunday wood

Sunday 2

Picton and I met was here and Aunt Elizas chreldren

Monday 3

Help hall manure and Jim and Solomon cut some grass

Tuesday, September 4, 1866.

Went down to Uncle Jims and got some cucumbers and plowded

Wednesday 5

Pa help Mr Paxson thrash and I was prettyng sick

Thursday 6

Pa went to pella and I help hall manure

Friday, September 7, 1866.

Pa sowed the fall wheet and Riley Redpat and George Holland harrowed it one way

Saturday 8

Jim and Solomon harrowed out wheet the other way and I and Solomon chopped the Sunday wood

Sunday 9

Pa and Mary went to meeting it has rained all day

Monday, September 10, 1866.

Jim and I cut some wood

Tuesday 11

Old Mr Kelly was buried

Wednesday 12

I have plowed and has been a working on his stable

Thursday, September 13, 1866.

I plowed in the fore noon and this after noon shucked corn and cut the foder

Friday 14

Went down to the fair

Saturday 15

Came home from the fair it has rained pretty all day

Sunday, September 16, 1866.

Went up to Jimes and got my diner and rote a letter

Monday 17

Plowed in the fore noon

Tuesday 18

Went and help get Jimes saw down in the fore noon and in the afternoon I plowed

Wednesday, September 19, 1866.

Grampa was here pa plowed and I and George Holland cut corn

Thursday 20

I plowed in the after noon and Uncle Solomon was here

Friday 21

Shucked corn and went after the cows

Saturday, September 22, 1866.

Pa and Jim and Irwin and George Holland and Solomon and I cut 1.15 shocks of corn

Sunday 23

I and Solomon caught a chicken

Monday 24

Help cut corn in the forenoon and Georg and I plowed in the after noon

Tuesday, Spetember 25, 1866.

Si Vancleve and Irwin and Salomon and I cut 20 cholcks of corn in the fore noon

Wednesday 26

Help cut corn in the fore noon and plow in the afternoon Jims horses run of with the plow

Thursday 27

I and Sirus have been blading cane

Friday, September 28, 1866.

Cut corn in the fore noon and plowed in the after noon

Saturday 29

Help husk some corn and hall some hay and help hall and chut the Sunday wood

Sunday 30

Uncle Solomons was here and I and Irwin went after the cows

Monday, October 1, 1866.

Help cut corn in the fore noon

Tuesday 2

Pa went to Pella

Wednesday 3

 Help cut corn in the forenoon and I went and cut hay for Able Prowdy

Thursday, October 4, 1866.

Help cut conr and shuck and made Molases in the after noon

Friday 6

Help cut in the fore noon and put up some hay in the after noon

Saturday 6

Bladed cane and shucked corn and went down to Uncle Solomons

Sunday, October 7, 1866.

I have just come from Uncle Solomons

Monday 8

I have plowed and Si[e,l] cut foder and shucked corn

Tuesday 9

I plowed in the fore noon and went down to lection in the after noon

Wednesday, October 10, 1866.

I have plowed and Si has been adiging potatoes

Thursday 11

I finished plowing this forenoon

Friday 12

I and Si dug potatoes

Saturday, October 13, 1866.

I and si went down to see them ditch and dug potatoes

Sunday 14

Pa went up to grampa in the fore noon with Mr Gardner

Monday 15

Uncle Solomon was married and come and staid all night

Tuesday, October 16, 1866.

Pa and ma and Uncle Solomon and his wife went to Pella

Wednesday 17

Pa and Jim and Bil and Spense and I went a hunting

Thursday 18

Help dig some potatoes in the fore noon and shucked some corn in the after noon

Friday, October 19, 1866.

Pa and bil and I shucked pretty ng a load of corn in the fore noon and went a hunting in the after noon

Saturday 20

Chopped the Sunday wood and haled up 2 shocks of corn

Sunday 21

It has rained all most all day

Monday, October 22, 1866.

Went to chool

Tuesday 23

Went to school

And Solomon and Miles hearded the sheep in Mr Alenes Meder

Wednesday 24

Went to school

 And Solomon and Miles hearded the sheep

Thursday, October 25, 1866.

Went to school

Friday 26

Went to school and help do the chores

Saturday 27

Went down and help Uncle James thrashed

Sunday, October 28, 1866.

Pic and henry and I hearded the sheep

Monday 29

We have thrashed

Tuesday 30

Help get a load of corn and went to school in the after noon

Wednesday, October 31, 1866.

Went to school

Thursday, November 1, 1866.

Went to school and pa has hired Will to work one year

Friday 2

Went to school and pa went to will

Saturday, November 2, 1866.

Help shuck a load of corn

Sunday 4

Henry and Solomon and I hearded the sheep

Monday 5

I went to scool and pa and bill make some pens and Jim went to Oskaloosa

Tuesday, November 6, 1866.

Went to school

Wednesday 7

Went to school

Mr Mccuchens baby was buried

Thursday 8

Went to school and help hal a log

Friday, November 9, 1866.

Went to school (crossed out)

Help hall and load of hay and chopped grampa wood

Saturday 10

Bill and I went a hunting and killed 3 ducks

Sunday 11

Help heard the sheep

Monday, November 12, 1866.

Help shuck 2 loads of corn

Tuesday 13

I went up and help do grampa chors and got my [bf]rots

Wednesday 14

I and Miles and Solomon hearded the sheep pa went and got a load of san_

Thursday, November 15, 1866.

Pa nad bil and I have shucked 2 loads of corn

Friday 16

Wm went to nickels mill to get some lath

Saturday 17

Chopped the Sunday wood and Solomon help heard the sheep

Sunday, November 18, 1866.

I help heard the sheep

Monday 19

Charles Crowder plastered our house

Tuesday 20

I and Mary cleaned out the house and pa and Salomon took the sheep down to Uncle Solomons

Wednesday, November 21, 1866.

I come down to heard the sheep

Thursday 22

Picton and I hearded the sheep and cattle in the fore noon

Mrs Craton died

Friday 23

Met and I hearded the sheep and cattle

Mrs Craton was buried at 2 o clock

Saturday, November 24, 1866.

Help Uncle Solomon thrash and hearded the sheep in the after noon

Sunday 25

Picton and I have been  a hearding the sheep

Monday 26

It has rained all day and I come home from Uncle Solomons in the rain

Tuesday, Novermber 27, 1866.

Help shuck 8 shocks of corn and help hall it up in the afternoon

Wednesday 28

Went to and bill and Jim has been a cutting wood and pa got me a new coat

Thursday 29

Help Mr Mccauly hall wood and eat turkey  afor diner at Aunt Eliza

Friday, November 30, 1866.

Went to school

Saturday, December 1

Help shell 3 [?] of corn and pa went to mill in the after noon

Sunday 2

Solomon and I went to Sunday school

Lester Olds started home this fore noon

Monday, December 3, 1866.

I come down to Uncle Solomon to heard the sheep and caught 1 gofer

Tuesday 4

I have been a hearding the sheep and caught 1 gofer

Wednesday 5

Hearded the sheep and pa and Uncle Solomon shucked a load of  corn and I come home

Thursday, December 6, 1866.

I went to spelling school last night and went to school to day

Friday 7

To day was the last day of our school and it has rained all day

Saturday 8

I and Albert f brought the shep home and it snowed last night

Sunday, December 9, 1866.

I went down to Uncle James

Nate Smith to Uncle James yesterday

Monday 10

Wm and I haled 3 loads of wood and we separated the sheep in the after noon

Tuesday 11

Pa and Wm killed a hog for Aunt Eliza

Wednesday, December 12, 1866.

Pa and Wm went to Pella and Salamon and I done chorse around here and went a skating

Thursday 13

Salamon and I chopped some wood and went a skating and I went a skating to night

Friday 14

I rote a letter to Georg and Wm went a scating

Saturday, December 15, 1866.

I cut the Sunday wood and Solomon and I took a load of straw up to grampa

Sunday 16

I went to Charlie Crowder wedin and went to meting

Monday 17

I have been a halling wood for James Craten and has been a helping Jim work an his sled

Tuesday, December 18, 1866.

Pa has been a helping work on Jim sled and Wm and I haled 2 loads of wood

Wednesday 19

Wm haled 2 loads of wood for Hunt

Thursday 20

Wm and Irwin and I haled 2 loads of lin wood

Friday, December 21, 1866.

Wm and I shucked corn and cut wood and pa haled a load of coal for the meting house

Saturday 22

Help shuck corn and help chop the Sunday wood

Sunday 23

Went to meting and went at night

Monday, December 24, 1866.

Went to school and to day was the first day

Tuesday 25

Went down to Uncle Jims and went a scating and in the afternoon went a hunting

Wednesday 26

Went to school

Thursday, December 27, 1866.

Went to school and there was meting here to night

Friday 28

Went to school

I Spain was buried

Saturday 29

Piled up some wood and pa was up ter Mrs S_elp[] sale and bought some corn

Sunday, December 30, 1866.

Went to Sunday school and meting

Monday 31

Went to school and pa haled 2 loads of corn

 

Memoranda

Bought 5 cts cloves

“ “   5 cts cinnamon

traded knives and giods to boot

bought 20 cts candy

“ “ 10 cts candy

“ “ 5 cts clove

one box of blackin 10

2 slate pencils 5

mishanary money 25

4 collars 10

5 cts candy

25 cts mishenary

money

one hat $1.50 cts

one knif $1

5 cts appels

5 cts cinnamon

went to the show 50 cts

spent 25 to the fair

bought 5 cts appels

bought 10 bouder

10 cts shot

5 cts cinnamon

5 cts soap

got  my bots

fixed 15

$ __

5.25

Peoria Iowa

Mahaska County

 

Text notes:

I’ve tried my best to maintain the original text, spelling, and punctuation.  Where necessary I’ve made corrections to match the author’s intent.  If I truly couldn’t decipher a letter, I used an _.  Parentheses represent the editor’s comments.

 

Names:

Adison: unknown

 

Aunt Almgracb: probably Aunt Elmyra, married to Boliver

 

Aunt Eliza: the sister of C.C. Joy.  Full name was Eliza Angeline Joy.  She married Marion DeKalb Smith, then George W. Ballard.

 

Aunt Jerusha: wife of Uncle Solomon, died January 1866.

 

Buckley: the name of the river that runs near the property that was owned by C.C. Joy (Ben’s father.)

 

Gan Z. Gardner: possibly Uncle Boliver’s son

 

George Holland: unknown

 

Jim: possibly is referring to Ben’s half-brother

 

Lester: unknown (later it says Lester Olds)

 

3 Marys: my best guess is, Mary Payton who was married to Jim Joy; Mary Joy was a sister to Picton; and Mary Smith was the daughter of C.C.’s sister Eliza.

 

Met/Metty: possibly Stephen Merritt Joy, brother of Picton.

 

Oskaloosa: a large town in Mahaska Co, about 15 miles from Peoria, IA.

 

Picton/Pic: Benjamin’s cousin, the son of Uncle Solomon

 

Pella: another, larger town in IA, about 9 miles from Peoria

 

Solomon: Benjamin’s brother

 

Uncle Boliver: the husband of Elmyra Joy.  Elmyra was C.C.’s sister.  Boliver’s last name was Gardner.

 

Uncle James: unknown

 

Uncle Solomon: C.C. Joy’s brother

 

Urwin and Charl: Irwin and Charles Smith, sons of Eliza Joy Smith.

 

Will/Bil/Wm: possibly refers to Ben’s half-brother

 

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