Iowa Eighth Infantry

This information has been transcribed and graciously provided by volunteer John Davis from
the "1880 History of Keokuk County Iowa."

The Eighth Infantry was organized during the summer of 1861, rendezvoused at Davenport, moved to St. Louis in September, where it remained two weeks, received its equipment and moved to Syracuse, where it was stationed for three months engaged in scouting and pursuing Price in His retreat through Arkansas. It returned to Sedalia in November and went into winter quarters. In March, following, it went by steamer to Pittsburg Landing, arriving just before the battle of Shiloh, in which it was engaged, and was its first battle. It was commanded by Colonel Geddes, its first colonel, Frederick Steele, having been promoted to brigadier general. In this battle the regiment, with the second, seventh, twelfth and fourteenth Iowa regiments on its right, held and important position, the Eighth being the connecting link between the divisions of Wallace and Prentiss, to defend a battery placed in front of them. The struggle to capture this battery by the enemy was desperate, and the Eighth lost heavily in stubbornly and successfully defending, losing nearly two hundred in killed and wounded. After maintaining their position from early in the morning until after four o'clock Prentiss' line gave way, on the left of the regiment, and fled to the landing, when there being no opposition in front, the enemy swept around to the rear of the Eighth and thus effected its capture about six o'clock in the evening, together with a greater portions of the twelfth and fourteenth Iowa and the fifty eighth Illinois. Companies I, C and H, of the eighth, partially escaped capture, and were subsequently attached to the union brigade, which fought in the advance at Corinth with the second division. Company F was so stationed as to receive the brunt of the assault and captain Hoin was killed. The Eighth was the last to leave the advance line of the Union Army at Shiloh on that terrible Sunday battle. It could have retreated and saved itself from capture, but its motto was to obey orders and it was left alone to defend itself and the battery before it for and hour after supporting column had fled in terror from the field. From this date the paths of company C and F diverged. The history of company C is that of the union brigade. Company F, with the other troops captured there went to Corinth, thence to Memphis and Mobile and Montgomery, where they were placed in cotton sheds and treated badly for six weeks then they were moved to Macon, Georgia, and were worse treated being shot down without provocation, for three months; when they were taken to Libby prison and there exchanged, when they were permitted to come home on furlough, and December the regiment was reorganized, and in the spring of 1863 joined Grant's army at Milkmen's Bend being assign to the third brigade, third division, fifteenth army corps, which it accompanied in all its tedious marches through Mississippi. It did no go with the army to Chattanooga, but remained at Vicksburg until winter, when it re-enlisted as veterans, came home on furlough, and returning was ordered to Memphis, where it remained on provost duty nearly a year. It was while there, in August, Forest made his dash into the city, and in the charge to drive him out, Lieutenant A. S. Irwin of company F was mortally wounded. It was at the capture of Spanish Fort, in the siege of Mobile, the regiment most distinguished itself on the eight of April, 1865. The regiment remained in the vicinity of Mobile until the spring of 1866, when, April 20th they were mustered out at Selma, Alabama, and those not otherwise accounted for were mustered out then. Keokuk County was represented on the staff, to-wit:

Joseph Andrews, major, promoted from captain of company F; James McConnell, hospital steward from company F.

Company C

Privates

-Parker, Samuel G. enlisted Aug 18, 1862
-Parker, Alonzo enlisted Aug 18, 1862
-Seaton, Joseph enlisted Aug 10, 1861; discharged Oct 3, 1861 for disability
-Vastine, William M. enlisted Aug 10, 1961; veteranized Jan 1, 1864
-Wilkins, Ebenezer enlisted Aug 8, 1861

Company F*

*Enlisted Aug 10, 1861 unless other wise stated.

Officers

-Joseph Andrews captain; promoted major Feb 7, 1862; wounded at Shiloh; resigned Jan 26, 1862
-Solomon E. Start first lieutenant; resigned Mar 3, 1863
-Rutus H. Law second lieutenant; resigned for disability Jan30, 1862
-William F. Hogin first sergeant; promoted second lieutenant Feb 1, 1862; captain, Mar 4, 1862; killed at Shiloh, Apr           6, 1862
-Seth E. Hall second sergeant; veteranized first sergeant Jan 1, 1864; discharged Jul 10, 1865 for disability
-Thomas F. Ford third sergeant; discharged May 26, 1862, for disability
-James R. Sturdevant fourth sergeant; captured at Shiloh
-Daniel N. Fish fifth sergeant; veteranized Jan 1, 1864, second sergeant; promoted first sergeant Jan, 1865; first           lieutenant Aug 3, 1865
-Owen E. Hogin first corporal; veteranized Jan 1, 1864; promoted fourth sergeant Feb 10, 1864
-John J. Smith second corporal; discharged Jun 25, 1863
-George Johnson third corporal; killed at Shiloh, Apr 6, 1862
-Mills R. Stephenson fourth corporal; promoted sergeant; discharged Sep 5, 1863, for disability
-Joseph A. McIntire fifth corporal; veteranized Jan 1, 1864; promoted first corporal Feb 10, 1864
-Archibald S. Irwin musician; promoted first lieutenant Mar 4, 1862; captured at Shiloh; killed at Memphis, Aug 1,           1861, for disability

Privates

-Allen, David E.
-Brown, Porter D.
-Besser, John veteranized Jan 1, 1864
-Bland, Calvin L. killed at Shiloh Apr 6, 1862
-Brown, John T.
-Barker, Warren H.
-Beardsley, Wilford W. veteranized Jan 1, 1864
-Carney, Thomas P.
-Clark, John F. veteranized Jan 11, 1864
-Clark, William H. wounded and captured at Shiloh, Apr 6, 1862
-Conger, William wounded at Shiloh
-Caldwell, Daniel W.
-Crakoal, Augustus captured at Shiloh; died while prisoner at Montgomery, Ala May 14, 1862
-Cox, Benjamin F. Wounded at Shiloh; discharged Sep 5, 1862
-Carlisle, James killed at Shiloh
-Carlisle, William wounded at Shiloh
-Cary, Alva A. veteranized Jan 1, 1864; captured at Memphis Aug 21, 1864
-Doty, Edwin veteranized Jan 1, 1864
-Denniston, William
-Darling, Valoren O. discharged Apr 26, 1862 for disability
-Dougherty, Edward transferred to company I
-Daymude, William B.
-Eaton, Alonzo A. Discharged Jul 30, 1862 for disability
-Eaton, Levi J. veteranized Jan 1, 1864
-Emmons, Ames M.
-Fowler, Jeremiah J. veteranized Jan 1, 1864
-Garrett, Alfred veteranized Jan 1, 1864
-Humes, Solomon captured at Shiloh; reported dead; date, and place unk
-Harvey, Hollin H. veteranized Jan 1, 1864
-Hendrix, John C. wounded at Corinth Oct 4, 1862; veteranized Jan 1, 1864; reported also as discharged Nov 19, 1863,           for disability
-Harding, William T.
-Hagan, Robert D. wounded at Shiloh; discharged for disability
-Hendrix, Isaac W.
-Hornish, John M. discharged Nov 23, 1862 for disability
-Hodson, George W. wounded at Shiloh Apr 6, 1862; veteranized Jan 1, 1864
-Howard, Amos M. veteranized Jan 1, 1864
-Holtz, William veteranized Jan 1, 1864
-Hensley, Timothy killed at Shiloh Apr, 6 1862
-Huggins, George H. enlisted Aug
-Hendrix, Thomas J. discharged Apr 1863, for disability
-Jacobs, Noah veteranized Jan 1864
-Jacobs, John B. discharged Aug 5, for disability
-Johnson, George promoted third corporal; killed at Shiloh Apr 6, 1862
-Kreger, William wounded at Shiloh; veteranized Jan 1, 1864
-Konkright, William W. wounded at Shiloh; veteranized Jan 1, 1864
-Laffer, Benjamin F. captured at Shiloh; veteranized Jan 1, 1864
-Lash, Daniel W. captured at Jackson Mississippi, Jul 10, 1863; veteranized Jan 1, 1864
-Littler, George L. discharged Feb 7, 1862 for disability
-Long, William captured at Shiloh; rejoined regiment and discharged for disability on Oct 3, 1862
-Lain, Thomas V. killed at Shiloh
-Mayres, Frederick
-Matthews, Alvin t. captured at Shiloh; died Oct 15, 1862, at Petersburg Virginia while a prisoner
-Maryvess, John H. discharged Jul 11, 1862 for disability; re-enlisted Feb 23, 1863
-Morgan, Cornelius L. discharged Apr 26, 1862 for disability
-McMasters William R. discharged Apr 26, 1862 for disability
-McConnell, James promoted hospital steward Nov 27, 1861; veteranized Jan 1, 1864; discharged Feb, 14, 1865 for           disability
-Monical, John D. killed at Shiloh, Apr 6, 1862
-Martin, Henry L. enlisted Aug 30, 1862; died at Davenport, Jan 16, 1862
-McEllroy, John A. discharged Jan 10, 1862 for disability
-Nelson, George W. died at Keokuk, Oct 27, 1862
-Nanke, Frederick
-Nelson, Jonathan M. discharged Apr 16, 1862; for disability
-Neiman, Charles discharged Feb 7, 1862; for disability
-Oswalt, Alfred discharged Jan 14, 1862 for disability
-Paul, Franklin A. veteranized Jan 1, 1864
-Perkins, George W. wounded at Corinth Oct 4, 1862
-Richardson, Silas J. discharged Feb 7, 1862 for disability
-Reynolds, Joseph H. discharged Apr 14, 1862
-Reynolds, Silas W. veteranized Jan 1, 1864
-Richardson, Benjamin F. captured at Shiloh; veteranized Jan 1, 1864
-Rolans, William discharged Apr 26, 1862 for disability
-Reed, Charles discharged Apr 26, 1862 for disability
-Rockafeller, Peter R. veteranized Jan 1, 1864
-Shockley, Samuel M. wounded at Shiloh Apr 6, 1862; discharged Sep 818, 1862 for disability
-Sloan, Norman captured at Shiloh Apr 6, 1862; discharged Sep 12, 1862 for disability
-Sloan, Newton captured at Shiloh Apr 6, 1862; died while prisoner at Tuscubmia Ala Apr 25, 1862
-Smith, Charles died at Sedalia, Mo. Jan 2, 1862
-Seibel, Adolph veteranized Jan 1, 1864
-Torrence, William M. killed at Shiloh Apr 6, 1862
-Uthman, Frederick died Jan 8, 1864 at Sigourney
-Vogel, Andrew J. captured at Shiloh Apr 6, 1862; veteranized Jan 1, 1864
-Ward, John W. promoted eight corporal Sep 21, 1861; second lieutenant Mar 4, 1862; captured at Shiloh Apr 6, 1862;           resigned Mar 25, 1863
-Williams, Isaac M. wounded at Shiloh Apr 6, 1862; died of wounds May 6, 1862
-York, Joseph M. veteranized Jan 1, 1864

Additional

-Clark, Robert W. enlisted Mar 17, 1865
-Hickman, J. Q. F. enlisted Mar 11, 1865

Company G

Privates

-Wetherill, H. B. enlisted Sep 3, 1861; wounded at Shiloh Apr 6, 1862
-Burns, William H. enlisted Jan 18, 1863; re-enlisted as veteran Jan 1, 1864; wounded at Spanish Fort Apr 7, 1865
-Schuatz, Jacob F. enlisted Mar 31, 1864
-Wetherill, Edwin enlisted Mar 31, 1864; died May 10, 1865; at Montgomery Ala
-Chapman, Charles veteranized Jan 1, 1864
-Goben, Joseph veteranized Jan 1, 1864
-Walters, Robert H. veteranized Jan 1, 1864

Webmaster's note: John Roland has identified a mispelling in the above, for his great-grandfather, William Roland. The book lists his surname as Rolans in the list of privates for Company F, above.

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