IOWA HISTORY PROJECT
HAIR, JAMES T., Ed. Iowa State Gazetteer, Shippers' Guide and Business Directory. Chicago: Bailey & Hair, 1865
It is the second tier of counties from the northern boundary of the State,
and the fourth east of the Missouri River. It is bounded on the north by
Emmett County, on the east by Kossuth, on the south by Pocahontas, and on
the west by Clay. It is twenty four miles square, and contains 576 square
miles. The west branch of the Des Moines River passes through the county
from northwest to southeast, and affords many good sites for mills and
manufactories, which are much needed. There are seven very pretty lakes of
good water in the county, among which the principal is Medium Lake, in the
central portion. This lake is about three miles long, over a fourth of a
mile wide, is partly bordered by timber, and surrounded by beautiful land.
The general surface of the county is partially rolling, and principally
prairie, with about fifteen hundred acres of timber mostly along the Des
Moines River. The gentle slopes of the prairie towards the river, through
six townships of this county, are as beautiful if not more so, than along
any other river in Iowa or any other part of the west. The soil is mostly
dry, very slightly sandy on some portions of the wide river bottoms, and on
the prairies it appears to possess those desirable qualities that make it
adapted to both grass and grain. The principal varieties of timber are ash,
oak, elm, maple, hackberry and hickory.
~ transcribed by C.L.
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