106 EMMET AND DICKINSON BOUNTIES
dents of Emmet County. A number of the early settlers made the
money in this way to pay for the lands they entered. At the period
mentioned those living in the county discouraged immigration all they
could, because new comers had a tendency to frighten away the fur‐
bearing animals, especially the mink and beaver, and thus decrease their
One would naturally suppose that men and women who suffered the
privations incident to frontier life would be glad to remain in the
country after it was developed and enjoy the fruits of their labors. But
some persons are pioneers by nature. They seem to prefer the new‐
country, with its labor and freedom, to the older civilization, with its
luxuries and conventionalities. A few of those who came into Emmet
County in the early days, and contributed in no small degree to its
development, afterward crossed the Missouri River and became pioneers
a second time, aiding in building up the states in that section of the
country. Such persons are well described in Brininstoors beautiful poem
THE OLD trapper's SOLILOQUY
"I've taken toll from every stream that held a furry prize.
But now my traps are rustin' in the sun;
Where once the broad, free ranges, wild, unbroken, met my eyes,
Their acres have been civilized and won.
The deer have left the bottom lands, the antelope the plain,
And the howlin' of the wolf no more I hear;
But the busy sound of commerce warn me of an alien reign.
As the saw and hammer echo in my ear.
"I've lived to see the prairie soil a-sproutin' schools and stores.
And wire fences stretch on every hand;
I've seen the nesters crowdin' in from distant foreign shores.
And the hated railroads creep across the land.
My heart has burned within me and my eyes have misty grown.
As Progress came unbidden to my shack;
My streams have all been harnessed and my conquest overthrown.
And I've been pushed aside and crowded back.
"I've seen men come with manners and with customs new and strange.
To take the land which I have fought to hold;
I've watched the white-topped wagons joltin' on across the range
With those who sought to lure the hidden gold.
I've seen the red man vanquished and the buffalo depart.
And the cowmen take the land which they possessed;
And now there's somethin' tuggin' and a-pullin' at my heart.
And biddin' me move on to'rds the West.
EMMET AND DICpNSON COUNTIES 107
"There ain't no elbow room no more to circulate around,
Since Civ''lization stopped beside my door;
I'll pack my kit and rifle and I'll find new stompin' ground,
Where things is like they was in days of yore.
I've heard the mountains whisper, and the old, free wild life calls,
Where men and Progress never yet have trod;
And I'll go back and worship in my rugged canyon walls,
Where the pine trees croon and Nature is my God."