How to Estimate

Bushels of Grain or Shelled
Corn in Bin: Multiply the length by the width
by the depth. (all in feet) and divide by 1 1/4. 



Tons of Hay in Stack:
Multiply the overthrow (the distance from
the ground on one side over the top of the stack
to the ground on the other side) by the length by
the width (all in feet); multiply by 3; divide by
10 and then divide by 500 to 600. 



Bushels of Ear Corn in Crib:
Multiply the length by the width by the average
depth (all in feet) and multiply by .4. If the
crib is round, multiply the distance around the
crib by the diameater by the depth of the corn
(all in feet) and divide by 10. 



Tons of Hay in Mow:
Multiply the length by the width by the height
(all in feet) and divide by 400 to 500, depending
on the kind of hay and how long it has been in the
mow. 



Estimating Cord Wood: A
cord of wood is a pile 4 feet wide, 4 feet high
and 8 feet long or 123 cubic feet. 



Land Measure

To Measure: If the field
is square or rectangular, multiply the length in
rods by the width in rods, and divide by 160. If
the field is triangular, multiply the length of
the logest side in rods by the greatest width in
rods, and divide half the product by 160. 



Government measure: A
township is 6 square miles, containing 36
Sections. A Section is 1 mile square
containing 640 Acres. Quarter Section  160
acres. 


Weights and Measures

Square Measure 
144 sq. inches 
1 sq. foot 
9 sq. feet 
1 sq. yard 
30 1/4 sq. yards 
1 sq. rod 
272 1/4 sq feet 
1 sq. rod 
169 sq rods 
1 acre 
640 acres 
1 sq. mile 




Cubic Measure 
1728 cubic inches 
1 cubic foot 
27 cubic feet 
1 cubic yard 
128 cubic feet 
1 cord (wood) 
24 3/4 cubic feet 
1 perch (stone) 
321 cubic inches 
1 gallon 
2150.4 cubic inches 
1 bushel 



Long Measure 
12 inches 
1 foot 
3 feet 
1 yard 
16 1/2 feet 
1 rod 
320 rods 
1 mile 




Liquid Measure 
1 pint 
16 ounces 
1 quart 
32 ounces 
1 gallon 
128 ounces 
31 1/2 gallons 
1 barrel 




Commercial Weight 
16 drams 
1 ounce 
16 ounces 
1 pound 
2000 pounds 
1 ton 




Dry Measure 
2 pints 
1 quart 
8 quarts 
1 peck 
4 pecks 
1 bushel 


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