The Crawford County, Iowa, IAGenWeb Project

1885 Iowa State Census

Crawford County, Iowa

Instructions to the Enumerator

The Population Schedule

The following are the detailed instructions given to enumerators of the 1885 census regarding the items on the census sheets.

Remember that the Census is to be taken as of January 1.

1. Dwellings numbered in order of visitation:

Under this head insert the number of dwelling-houses as they are visited. The first house visited to be numbered 1; the second one visited, 2; and so on to the last house visited in the district.

By a dwelling-house is meant a separate inhabited tenement, having one or more families under one roof. Where several tenements are in one block, with brick or wood walls to divide them, having separate entrances, they are each to be numbered as separate houses.

Uninhabited houses, not abandoned for dwelling purposes, must also be counted.

If a house is used partly for a store, shop, office, or other purpose, and partly for a dwelling, it is to be numbered as a dwelling-house.

Hotels, poor-houses, hospitals, asylums, and jails are each to be numbered as a dwelling-house.

The state educational, charitable, and penal institutions need not be visited by assessors. The necessary data will be obtained direct from the officers thereof upon blanks furnished by the executive council, and the findings thereof furnished the auditors of the proper counties.

It is suggested that hotels, large boarding-houses, and other places having a considerable number of persons lodging thereat, be visited first, because of the greater liability to change of residence among so many persons, and the greater difficulty lapse of time will occasion in obtaining correct data.

2. Families numbered in order of visitation

Under this head insert the numbers of families visited, as in the case of dwellings. By the term family is meant either one person living separately in a house or part of a house and providing for himself or herself, or any number of individuals living together and provided for by a common head.

Resident inmates of a hotel, jail, prison, hospital, poor-house, asylum, or other similar institution should be considered as one family.

3. Name of Each Person

In this column write the full name of every person in each family whose home on the first day of January 1885, was properly with such family, whether present or temporarily absent, either on business or for recreation, or in the service of the county, state, or nation.

If any member of the family then away from home was at any of the state institutions in any capacity whatever, the name of such person need not be inserted, as it will be obtained direct from the particular institution, with full data. If, however, it should be inserted here by the assessor the actual whereabouts of the person thus enumerated should be noted in the "remarks."

If any member of the family has died since January 1, he should nevertheless be here entered and described the same as if living at the time of actual enumeration; while no child born after January 1 is to be included.

The first name to be entered is that of the father if living, next that of the mother if living. If both of these be dead or not living with the family the name of whomsoever is considered the head of such family is first to be inserted.

The names of the children should then follow in order of age; then the names of other relations; then those of lodgers, laborers, and domestics.

If any lodgers, domestics, or others are only temporarily staying with a family they should be enumerated where they consider their homes to be, respectively.

Persons only casually present in the state, traveling or engaged in transient business, attending school, or stationed on official duty in the service of the United States, are not to be enumerated. So with persons away from home in the service of the state or any county, who are to be enumerated where they claim a residence.

If any elector claims and exercises the right to vote at any place other than what appears to be his "usual place of abode" he, his wife and children, and any dependent persons whose home is usually with him are to be enumerated at such place of voting.

Commercial travelers, railroad employees, and others engaged in like occupations, are to be enumerated where they claim residence.

"Tramps" and other homeless persons are to be enumerated, as closely as may be, in the township, town, or ward where they were on the first day of January and not elsewhere.

4. Residence

Street and number, or other accurate designation, if in town plat, smallest legal subdivision, if in country: township, range and section.

Inquiries must be made at all stores, shops, eating-houses, and similar places, and the names of persons usually lodging thereat taken, unless such person is elsewhere properly enumerated.

But stores, etc., where persons lodge for protection of property or otherwise and not otherwise used as dwelling-houses, are not to be counted as such; neither are persons so lodging to be enumerated as in any family.

Where persons have removed since the first day of January 1885, they are to be enumerated where they belonged on that day.

5. Age at birthday in 1884
6. Sex
7. Color
8. Married, Single, Widowed, Divorced
9. Profession, Employment or Occupation
10. Place of Birth, If in Iowa, what county
11. Place of Birth, If in United States, name of state or territory
12. Place of Birth, If abroad, what country
13. Nativity of Father, Native born or Foreign born
14. Nativity of Mother, Native born or Foreign born
15. Subject to military duty (Yes/No)
16. Entitled to vote (Yes/No)
17. Alien who has taken out first papers
18. Alien who has not taken out first papers
19. Cannot read or write, over 10 years old
20. Can read but not write, over 10 years old
21. Deaf and dumb, blind, insane, or idiotic
22. Remarks

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