There are three published rosters for the 21st Regiment, Iowa Volunteer Infantry. They're significantly different and all three contain numerous errors, in large part since they were relying on handwritten records, handwriting was often difficult to decipher, some men could not read or write, and others sometimes did not know how to spell their own names or altered the spelling from time to time.
a. Nathaniel B. Baker, Report of the Adjutant General, Volume I (Iowa State Printer 1863). Baker's roster was prepared while the war was still in progress, many had not yet enlisted, and there were errors for those who did enlist.
b. George Crooke, The Twenty-First Regiment of lowa Volunteer Infantry (King, Fowle & Company, 1891). Crooke's roster has limited information and was prepared at a time when record keeping wasn't the best. While he was a member of the regiment, he was absent for almost ten months and probably for that reason some of his narrative is also wrong.
c. Roster and Record of lowa Soldiers, Volume 3; by Guy Logan (Iowa State Printer 1910). The most recent of the three rosters, part of a massive state effort to accurately reflect those who served and, I thought, the most likely to be accurate.
I have researched the regiment for more than thirty years and visited most sites that were visited by the regiment. Each of these biographies is based on that research, the soldiers records and records of his comrades that are on file with the National Archives & Records Administration, records and diaries on file with the State Historical Society of Iowa, original letters by members of the regiment, county histories, other original source documents and relevant online information.
Talcott, Horace P.
Horace P. Talcott, son of Asa and Caroline (Newcomb) Talcott, was born in Madison, Lake County, Ohio, on April 10, 1835. He married Elizabeth Kemp on July 5, 1857.
While working as a 27-year-old farmer in Clayton County, he was enrolled on August 11, 1862, at Strawberry Point in a company then being raised primarily in Clayton County by local dentist Charles P. Heath. They were mustered in as Company B on August 18, 1862, with Horace described as being 5' 8¼ tall with blue eyes, auburn hair, and a sandy complexion. When all ten companies were of sufficient strength, they were mustered into service on September 9, 1862, at Dubuque, as the 21st Regiment of Iowa Volunteer Infantry.
A week later they crowded on board the steamer Henry Clay and two barges lashed to its side and left for the South. They went first to St. Louis where they were inspected and spent one night before traveling by train to the railhead at Rolla where they arrived on September 22, 1862. On October 18th they started the first of many long marches they would take before their military careers came to an end. They walked to Salem, Houston, Hartville and, after a wagon train was attacked in November, back to Houston. They were still stationed there when ordered to the support of Springfield where an attack by Confederates moving north from Arkansas was expected. Horace was one of twenty-five from Company B who volunteered to join the expedition, but they never made it to Springfield. On the way, at Hartville on January 11, 1863, they engaged the Confederates in a day-long battle with their regiment having three killed in action, one fatally wounded who would die on the 26th, and at least thirteen non-fatally wounded.
Near the end of the month they walked south to West Plains where they arrived on January 30, 1863. Most thought they would continue into Arkansas but, instead, they were ordered to the Mississippi. They moved northeast through Thomasville to Ironton and Iron Mountain and reached the river at the old French town of Ste. Genevieve on March 11th.
The men enjoyed their stay in Ste. Genevieve but, on April 1, 1863, they boarded the Ocean Wave and again headed down the Mississippi, past Memphis, to Millikens Bend where General Grant was organizing a massive army intent on capturing the city of Vicksburg. Vicksburg was viewed as the key to opening the Mississippi River and the 21st Iowa would play a prominent part in the upcoming campaign. After moving through swamps and bayous west of the river, the army crossed the river on April 30, 1863 to the small landing at Bruinsburg. As the point regiment for the entire Union army, they led the movement inland and, guided along dirt roads by a former slave, they drew first fire about midnight. On May 1, 1863, Horace was with the regiment as it participated in the Battle of Port Gibson, a town that General Grant reputedly said was too beautiful to burn. Regimental casualties were three fatally wounded and fourteen non-fatally wounded.
Horace was also present on May 16, 1863, at the Battle of Champions Hill when the regiment was held in reserve by their commanding general, John A. McClernand, and only two companies were permitted to engage in light skirmishing after the battle. William Crooke, Captain of Company B, felt McClernand had been: "spellbound by a show of opposition and the throwing of a few shells from the high ridge in his front caused three of his own divisions and one of Sherman's to stand motionless while another division of his own corps was being slaughtered by wholesale almost if not quite within musket range, but hid from them by dense woods. Those who stood there that day will surely never forget the bands of humiliation and shame which bound them to the spot, while listening to the awful crashes of musketry and thunders of cannon close by."
Having not participated in the battle on the 16th, the 21st Iowa and others in its brigade, were ordered to the front on the 17th. Nearing the railroad bridge over the Big Black River they encountered entrenched Confederates hoping to keep the bridge open long enough for all their troops to cross. Never one to hesitate, General Big Mike Lawler agreed to a bayonet charge. Colonel Merrill shouted to the 21st - "By the left flank, Charge!" Colonel Kinsman ordered the 23d "Forward!" and "his noble regiment sprang forward" over the plain and toward the bayou and the waiting enemy. Some fired their guns; others just ran as fast as they could.
The assault was short, only three minutes, and the Confederates were routed, but the regiments casualties were high. Horace Talcott was uninjured in the assault, but seven of his comrades were killed, eighteen were fatally wounded, and thirty-eight were non-fatally wounded. Among them was Colonel Merrill who fell severely wounded early in the charge when hit by a ball that passed from right to left through both thighs. The Thompson brothers joined two others who carried off our beloved Colonel. We laid him beside that noble Christian soldier, Adjutant Howard, who was mortally wounded, fearing that his fate would be the same. Many of the wounded would stay with the regiment while others would be transported to general hospitals in the north or, like Merrill, to their homes where they could rest and recuperate. Some would be discharged, but others would recover sufficiently to rejoin the regiment later.
Men still able for duty were allowed to rest, bury the dead and treat the wounded, but were soon in position on the line at the rear of Vicksburg. An assault on the 19th, before they arrived, had failed, but General Grant ordered another assault for the 22nd. With 985 men, officers and enlisted, on the muster rolls when the regiment was mustered-in, they were down to 820 on the morning of the 22d, but many were unable to participate. The assault was unsuccessful and the regiment suffered its heaviest casualties of the war: twenty-three killed in action, twelve fatally wounded and at least forty-eight with non-fatal wounds. Horace Talcott had participated in the assault and would remain present during the siege that ended with the citys surrender. He then joined an immediate pursuit of Confederate General Joe Johnston and a siege of the capital at Jackson.
Horace maintained his health well during the regiments ensuing service in southwest Louisiana, the Gulf coast of Texas, excursions into Arkansas, and the campaign that resulted in the occupation of Mobile, Alabama in the spring of 1865. Returning from Alabama, they arrived in New Orleans on May 28, 1865 and, the same day, Horace was admitted to the citys Marine Hospital. With the war nearing an end, there was no need for him to return to the regiment and he was mustered out at the hospital on June 5, 1865. Thirty-seven early enlistees were mustered out on the 10th, most recruits who had enlisted after the initial organization of the regiment were transferred on July 12th so they could finish their commitments, and the remained were mustered out on July 15th at Baton Rouge.
Online sources indicate that Horace and Elizabeth had three children, all born after the war: Fred Arthur Talcott on August 13, 1867, and twins Mertie and Bert Wallace Bertie Talcott in July 1870. Elizabeth died in 1909 and was buried in the Strawberry Point Cemetery. The following year, Horace died on June 22d, and was buried in the same cemetery. Their son, Fred, married Harriett Alice Manchester on June 30, 1892. Less than a month after their fifty-fifth wedding anniversary, Fred died on July 11, 1947, and Harriett died on July 9, 1949. Theyre buried in Strawberry Point Cemetery.
Tharp, Jacob M.
Jacob M. Tharp was born in Gallipolis, Ohio, in 1820, moved to Illinois and, in the fall of 1857, to Buena Vista Township, Clayton County, where he worked as a farmer, laborer and wood chopper.
On August 12, 1862, the Civil War was in its second year when he was enrolled in the Union Army by McGregor Postmaster Willard Benton. Infantry regiments had ten companies with each company led by a Captain, 1st and 2nd Lieutenants, five ranks of Sergeant, and eight ranks of Corporal. On August 22, 1862, at Dubuques Camp Franklin, Company G was mustered into service with Jacob as 1st Corporal and Willard as Captain. The Company Muster-in Roll described Jacob as being forty-two years old, 5 feet 10¼ inches tall with blue eyes, black hair and a dark complexion. With nine other companies, they were mustered in as Iowas 21st regiment of volunteer infantry on September 9, 1862.
After another week of mostly ineffective training, they marched through town on a rainy September 16th, crowded on board the sidewheel steamer Henry Clay and two barges tied alongside, and left for war. Their initial destination was St. Louis, but the trip took longer than normal. On the 17th, about noon, they were put ashore at Rock Island while the federal government decided what regiments should be sent to Minnesota where there was fighting between the Dakota and local settlers. When the government learned the regiment had already started south, it was allowed to continue and, with flags at half-mast in recognition of the death of Thompson Spottswood who had contracted measles while at Camp Franklin, resumed its journey about 2:00 p.m. on the 18th. On the 19th, Company Fs Walter McNally said they got under way moved down to Montrose a Towne at the head of the lower rappid we heare had to go a shore againe at about none on the 19th heare we went abord the cares and went by raleroad to Kearkuk. At Keokuk they boarded the Hawkeye State, continued downstream and on September 20th finally reached St. Louis.
After one night at the citys Camp Benton, they boarded cars of the Southwest Branch of the Pacific Railroad and, huddled under blankets, were taken to the railroads western terminus at Rolla, a town of about 600 residents. From their first camp, said Cyrus Henderson, wee have to carey our water from one to fore miles and it is bad then it tastes as bad as them pond up thare does. Officers were aware of the problem with water that "oppressed the senses like the breath of sewers" and, on the morning of the 28th, the camp was moved about five miles southwest of town where there was good spring water.
On October 17th, pursuant to orders from Fitz Henry Warren, reveille was about midnight and, at 2:00 a.m. on October 18th, those able to travel started a march south to Salem. Muster rolls prepared every two months reflected the presence or absence of the soldier on the last day of the bimonthly period together with any interim absences, special duties, furloughs and other events. On the October 31st muster roll taken at Salem, Jacob was marked present but hospitalized.
By November 2d, due to deaths, transfers, discharges and three desertions, regimental strength had dropped to 970 from an original 985 when they started a march to Houston. Many on the rolls were too sick to travel, but Jacob continued south with his regiment and, on the December 31st muster roll at Houston, was again marked present but hospitalized.
On January 4th, Captain Benton signed a Certificate of Disability for Discharge saying that Jacob has been unfit for duty 61 days. The said Jacob M. Tharp was taken sick while doing camp duty in camp near Rolla Mo. Oct 20th 1862 and has been unable to perform the duties of a soldier since that time and in my opinion never will be if retained in the service. A surgeon said Jacob had chronic nephritis and lumbago and was not able to assume erect position either at rest or in walking. On the 24th, Brigadier General Fitz Henry Warren signed the order of discharge. Jacob was one of nine discharged that day and one of forty-two since the regiment was mustered in four and one-half months earlier.
On March 16, 1875, he filed an application for an invalid pension. Supporting affidavits were signed by former comrades William Flowers from Buena Vista Township, Llewelyn Walker of Millville and McGregors Willard Benton, but evidence was conflicting. Benton, in the contemporaneous Certificate for Disability for Discharge, had said Jacob became ill while doing camp duty at Rolla in October, 1862, and was unable to do any duty after that. When applying for a pension, Jacob said he didnt become ill until January, 1863, while performing duty and after swimming a stream three times when placing pickets at Houston. Benton then, contrary to the certificate he had signed and on which the discharge was based, said, like Jacob, that the illness occurred in Houston in January.
Regardless of when (October or January), where (Rolla or Houston) and how (doing camp duty or swimming a stream) he had become incapacitated and regardless of whether he had been unable to perform duty since October or was performing duty in January, the Department of the Interiors Bureau of Pensions finally agreed he was entitled to a pension of $4.00 monthly for a disability caused by lumbago and chronic nephritis while in the military.
Like most pensioners, Jacob then applied for increases. During the next several years Jacob applied no fewer than nine times for an increase, utilized the services of at least seven different attorneys, signed two more affidavits, secured another sixteen affidavits from people who knew him, and had medical exams in McGregor (four times), Dubuque (six times) and Elkader (once) - all to no avail. Still receiving $4.00 monthly, Jacob died on April 11, 1894, and was buried in Goshen Cemetery, Millville.
Jacob had been married two, possibly three and maybe four times. Pension records and information from a descendant, indicate he first married Catherine Stalnaker (although the spelling of her surname varies) and had two children, Jacob Jr. and Benjamin. Twice-married Fannie Holmes, widow of Benjamin Williams and Peter Holmes (possibly not in that order), said she married Jacob on March 23, 1876. Sarah M. Bliss, another widow, said she married Jacob on November 24, 1893, less than five months before his death - and she had a certificate of marriage to prove it - or so it appeared. The fourth wife, if any, has not been identified. Fannie filed a widows claim, a special master conducted an investigation, and the government agreed that she was Jacobs legal widow. Fannie was granted a monthly pension of $8.00.
Thurber, Justin W.
Co D, age 22, residence Volga City
08/22/62 muster in CompanyD
09/09/62 muster in Regiment
05/20/65 muster out Davenport
This is from the R&R. I have not verified the information.
Treadwell, Abram 'Abe'
The son of Tyron Treadwell and Mary (Smith) Treadwell, Abram (Abe) Treadwell was born on September 18, 1832, in the town of Aylmer in what was then known as Canada West, todays Ontario. When he was twenty-four years old, Abram moved to Illinois and then to Iowa where he lived near Strawberry Point. Initially, he worked as a farmer, working one year on the farm of Franklin Buckley (one of the honored pioneers of the county) before opening the towns first harness business.
On August 12, 1862, he was enrolled in the military as a private by fellow Canadian Charles Heath, a Strawberry Point dentist. At Dubuque, on August 18, 1862, they and other enlistees were mustered in as Company B and, on September 9th, ten companies were mustered as the 21st regiment of Iowas volunteer infantry. Abram was present when they left for war on September 16th and during their service in Missouri at Rolla, Salem, Houston and Hartville.
On January 31, 1863, he was detached for temporary service with the Chief Quartermasters Department. The regiment was camped at Iron Mountain when Abe was relieved from the Quartermasters Department and rejoined the regiment on March 4th. That same day, Myron Knight, a comrade and near neighbor at home, wrote that he and Abram went to nearby Middle Brook on business and, on March 8th, that they went down to the Knob (Pilot Knob).
From Iron Mountain the regiment went to Ste. Genevieve where Abram was promoted to 5th Corporal and then to Millikens Bend where General Grant was organizing a large army for the purpose of capturing the Confederate stronghold at Vicksburg. As the army moved slowly south across and around bayous and swamps on the west side of the Mississippi, many became ill and were left behind as the rest of the army moved on. Among the sick left at Judge Perkins Somerset plantation were Abram Treadwell, Jim Bethard, John Crop and other convalescents from the 21st Iowa and other Union regiments together with about 350 men of Colonel Owens 60th Indiana.
On May 30, 1863, after learning that a large Confederate force under John Walker was moving in their direction, Colonel Owen moved his regiment and the lightly armed convalescents closer to a levee and kept an anxious watch. On the morning of the 31st, shots were exchanged. About 8:00 a.m., under cover of artillery, they destroyed supplies, rushed on board the Forest Queen, and made their escape. On June 2d, they reached their regiment on the siege line at the rear of Vicksburg and Myron Knight noted that: "Abe Treadwell returned to the Regt. was left at Perkins Plantation sick - with the tents and the rest of the clothing left behind."
Abram was promoted to Sergeant and participated in the balance of the siege of Vicksburg and a subsequent expedition to and siege of Jackson. Back in Vicksburg on August 13th, he loaned $8.00 to Myron who was heading home on a furlough.
Starting with the death of the regiments Lieutenant Colonel, Cornelius Dunlap, on May 22, 1863, a series of events (involving several members of the regiment, personal issues, and the number of men on the regiments muster rolls) resulted in a delay in the commissioning and mustering-in of Salue Van Anda to take Dunlaps place, and William Crooke to take Van Andas place as Major, and William Lyons to take Crookes place as Captain, and Abe Treadwell to take Crookes place as 1st Lieutenant.
Abe was commissioned as 1st Lieutenant by Governor Kirkwood on November 12, 1863, but it would be more than eight months before he was mustered into the position and signed the oath of office. Despite the lengthy delay, he performed the duties of 1st Lieutenant and was recognized by others in the company as being their 1st Lieutenant. On January 17, 1864, they were in Texas when Jim Bethard wrote to his wife, Caroline: "We also have a new 1st lieutenant his name is Abram Treadwell he was a private in the start and has gone up by degrees to 1st lieutenant he puts on a considerable of style but I think he will make a verry good Lieut he is verry particular to have every thing done up according to the army regulations"
In February, Abe was ordered to Davenport to assist the recruiting service and, on February 24th, Myron Knight wrote: "Abram Treadwell with several others left for Iowa after other recruits - let him have my overcoat to wear home."
When Abram returned in late April, Myron noted that, Abe Treadwell arrived from home - also two new recruits for our Co. The recruits were William Carpenter and Andrew Hughes, two eighteen-year-olds from Winneshiek County. Andrew had less than five months to live. From Texas the regiment returned to Louisiana and, on June 28, 1864, was stationed near the Terrebonne rail station when, with warm summer weather approaching, Myron wrote on June 28, 1864, that Abe Treadwell and I sent a box of clothing to New Orleans to be expressed home.
The following month, order was restored to the company hierarchy when Captain Lyons returned after four months with a pioneer corps and, on July 6, 1864, Abe signed the oath, agreeing:
I will faithfully discharge the duties of First Lieutenant of Company B of the 21st Regiment Volunteer Infantry of the State of Iowa, during my term of office, according to the best of my skill and ability. So help me God.
Muster rolls noted that Abram was entitled to increased pay for the services he had performed as 1st Lieutenant before signing the oath and, on November 6, 1864, Jim Bethard wrote from their camp near Arkansas White River: "Our 1st Lieutenant is a man of good sound sense and sober and steady habits he never drinks to excess is allways the same, is well liked by all and makes a good officer; he came out as a private."
On February 27, 1865, Captain Lyons was detached to again take command of a pioneer corps, this time during the springs Mobile Campaign. On the 28th, Abe Treadwell was ordered to take command of the company during Lyons absence. In June, they were in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. Lyons returned and Abe Treadwell was relieved of temporary command of the company as they prepared to be mustered out of service. The June 30th muster roll noted that Abe was entitled to increased pay for commanding the company during Lyons absence.
Abe was mustered out with the regiment on July 15, 1865, and was discharged from the military at Clinton on July 24th. On September 24, 1865, he married Emily Agnes Gager. Emilys parents, James P. and Jane Gager, had moved to Lodomillo Township in 1852 and bought a farm from Frank Ruff. They sold part of it, but built their home at the Grange Hall corner.
Abram and Emily had four children: Mark Gager Treadwell (on June 29, 1866), Ray D. Treadwell (on February 14, 1871), Lynn Curtis Treadwell (on July 27, 1875) and Charles Clark Treadwell (on May 18, 1881). By 1880, they had a 120 acre thoroughly stocked farm with 80 acres under cultivation. In 1883, Abe joined the Henry Howard Post, Post 259, of the G.A.R. in Strawberry Point.
Despite having served many months as a 1st Lieutenant while not holding that rank, despite the earlier commission from the Governor, and despite muster rolls saying he was entitled to increased pay, that pay had never been received. Abe hired attorney Thomas Updegraff who had a private bill for Abrams relief introduced in the 54th Congress and again in the 55th Congress, but there it languished. Eventually, on May 14, 1902, the Committee on War Claims of the House of Representatives sent the matter to the federal Court of Claims for a review of the facts.
An 1863 Enrollment Act (aka Civil War Military Draft Act) had addressed the number of officers regiments were to have depending on the number of men on the rolls. Pursuant to that act, a General Order said that, if a regiment were reduced below the minimum number allowed by law, but was above half the minimum, it was to be deprived of a Colonel and an Assistant Surgeon. When Abram performed service as 1st Lieutenant prior to signing the oath, the regiment had been below the minimum number and for this reason, and no other, he was refused muster and recognition in the grade of first lieutenant during said period and was paid merely the amount allowed to sergeants. By the time of the courts findings, Abram was almost seventy years old and the pay was more than thirty-five years delinquent. In Abram Treadwell v. The United States, Congressional No. 10811, the court found that, if the said Abram Treadwell should be deemed first lieutenant, he was entitled to $450.40 (the difference between his sergeants pay and a 1st lieutenants pay) less $8.62 income taxes. Abrams military and pension records dont indicate if the pay was actually received.
Meanwhile, in 1892, Abe applied for, but was denied, an invalid pension. In 1904, he reapplied under the general law of June 27, 1890, and a pension was granted. He was receiving $30.00 monthly, payable quarterly, when he died on January 19, 1915. Emily died on June 6, 1924. They are buried in Strawberry Point Cemetery as are two of their children (Mark and Ray), Emilys parents, and her brother (Edgar).
Watkins, David L.
David Watkins was born in Warren County, Pennsylvania, on July 24, 1823. On May 7, 1846, twenty-two-year-old David married Julia A. Carpenter. Julia died in Epworth, Iowa, on September 15, 1857. Her grave has not been located and its unknown if they had any children.
David had been living in Strawberry Point for three years when, still a widower, he was enrolled on July 25, 1865, by local dentist, Charles Heath, as a Private in Company B of the 21st Iowa Infantry. He was described as being 5' 9½ tall with blue eyes, a dark complexion and brown hair. They were ordered into quarters at Camp Franklin in Dubuque on August 16th and mustered in as a company on August 18th. On September 9, 1862, with a total of 985 members, officers and enlisted, ten companies were mustered in as the 21st Regiment of Iowa Volunteer Infantry.
They left for war on September 16, 1862, and spent the next six and one-half months in Missouri with David working much of the time as a company cook. After a month in Rolla, they started for Salem on October 18th and arrived on the 19th. On the muster roll dated at Salem on October 31st, David was present but sick in quarters. Rolls were taken every two months and David was still present on December 31st at Houston and February 28th at Iron Mountain. On March 11, 1863, they walked into the Mississippi River town of Ste. Genevieve and camped on a ridge to the north. Starting on the 1st of April, they were transported down-river to Millikens Bend, Louisiana, where General Grant was organizing a large army to capture the Confederate stronghold at Vicksburg.
On April 12th, in a corps led by General John McClernand, they started walking south along the west side of the Mississippi. On the 14th they camped along Roundaway Bayou near Richmond and, on the 15th, several furloughs were granted. David Drummond and John Carpenter left for McGregor while David Watkins left for Strawberry Point on a thirty-day furlough pursuant to a Surgeons Certificate. With him, David carried a letter that Myron Knight was sending home to his family. David, returning with letters and newspapers, rejoined the regiment at the rear of Vicksburg on June 7th and, on June 30th, was marked present but sick. During his absence the regiment had participated in the May 1st Battle of Port Gibson, May 17th assault at the Big Black River, May 22nd assault at Vicksburg and the first part of the siege.
Vicksburg surrendered on July 4th. The next day, the able-bodied members of the regiment joined General Sherman in a pursuit of Confederate General Joe Johnston. David, however, was still sick and remained in Vicksburg to recuperate. He was able to regain his health and was present on bimonthly muster rolls at Carrollton, Louisiana, on August 31st, and Vermillion Bayou, Louisiana, on October 31st. In late November they left New Orleans, were transported westward across the Gulf of Mexico, and went ashore on St. Josephs Island, Texas. For more than six months they performed service along the Gulf Coast at Matagorda Island and Indianola before returning to Louisiana.
David was still present but, in August, was treated for rheumatic pains and chronic diarrhoea. On September 10, 1864, at the mouth of the White River, he was granted a forty-day furlough to go north on a Surgeons Certificate. On September 16th he was in Dubuque when he secured a requisition to go from Dubuque to Earlville on the Dubuque & Sioux City Railroad. He was late returning to the regiment but, on December 1st, reported voluntarily to the Provost Marshal at Camp McClellan in Dubuque and was placed under arrest as a straggler. On the 12th he started south and on the 16th he reached the regiment then at Memphis. By order of Brigadier General Big Mike Lawler, David was restored to duty without loss of pay or allowances.
David then participated with his regiment in the Mobile Campaign in the spring of 1865. From New Orleans, they were transported to Dauphin Island at the entrance to Mobile Bay, crossed the entrance to Mobile Point on March17th, and then walked north along the east side of the bay. When the Confederates abandoned the city, the regiment camped at Spring Hill west of town before returning to Louisiana, performing garrison duty and accepting surrenders along the Red River, and being mustered out on July 15, 1865, at Baton Rouge. On the 24th, they were discharged from the military at Clinton, Iowa, and free to return to their homes.
David said he stayed in Strawberry Point for about two weeks, but then followed other family members to western Iowa and lived briefly in Sioux City before moving in January 1866 to Onawa where he went into the brick business. He was still living there on September 4, 1867, when he married Sarah Cole forty-five miles away in Denison. David and Sarah lived in Onawa until February, 1871, when they moved to Kansas and settled in Mound City in Linn County. A son, Myron Watkins, was born on July 13, 1871, and another, Frank Watkins, was born on May 2, 1873. On March 17, 1875, they were living in Marion County when George Washington Watkins was born. The family of five then moved to Republic County in November 1875 and to Rooks County in March 1878. Thats where their final child, John A. Watkins, was born on May 17, 1881, the same year the county courthouse was erected in nearby Stockton.
On August 16, 1887, sixty-five-year-old David gave his residence as the town of Motor when he applied for an invalid pension and indicated he was taken sick with jaundice followed by rheumatism contracted twenty-five years earlier when the regiment was in Salem. William Bromley, a doctor in Motor, signed an affidavit saying he had treated David for rheumatism in 1878. David, he said, seemed to be in pain all the time and was not able to doe but little work. Other witnesses submitted similar affidavits and a board of pension surgeons found his shoulder and knee joints on both sides extremely tender. There was stiffness and limitation of motion of knee joints. They suggested an 8/18 rating.
William Warner, James Hicks and Charlie Robbins had served with David in Company B and agreed that David had a difficult time that first winter. William recalled that David was off duty for considerable time and James said David had been disabled by contracting rheumatism caused by exposure. Charlies testimony was similar. We had been doing some hard campaigning, he said, and David was subjected to extremely severe and constant exposure mud rain snow sleet and fording streams of water. Since they had done very little up to that time, Charlie may have been referring to their more difficult service in November when a wagon train was attacked at Beaver Creek and men in Hartville raced to the scene of the attack and to January when many participated in a battle at Hartville and a difficult return, often wading across icy streams, to their base then in Houston. Davids claim was approved and, on June 21, 1889, a certificate was issued entitling him to $8.00 monthly, payable quarterly through the pension agency in Topeka.
As was normal with most pensioners once a pension was granted, David applied for increases. More affidavits were submitted and David, living in Cordell, was again examined by pension surgeons, this time in Stockton. An increase was approved and a new certificate was mailed on November 19, 1890, with a monthly rate of $16.00.
A month earlier David had moved to Beaty, Arkansas, and on December 4th he applied for another increase. On July 15, 1891, he said he was a resident of Southwest City, Missouri, where he was examined by another board of surgeons. His application was still pending when he submitted another one. Now seventy years old, he said his health was deteriorating. Dr. Baker of Maysville, Arkansas, said David was suffering from partial blindness and deafness.
On October 16, 1892, he moved back to Codell and the following year was examined by surgeons in Stockton. For the next several years there were more examinations, more applications and more supportive affidavits until, on June 21, 1897, a certificate was issued raising Davids pension to $24.00 monthly.
On May 13, 1899, Sarah died. David was eighty-six years old when he died on March 15, 1907. Theyre buried in Conger Cemetery, Plainville, Kansas. Of their four boys, Myron died in 1939, Frank in 1951 and George in 1954. Myron and George are in Plainville Cemetery, while Frank is buried in Fern Hill Cemetery, Aberdeen, Washington.
Weeks, Bradford T.
Co. D, age 18, born in Massachusetts, residence Clayton County
02/13/64 enlisted as Recruit
02/13/64 muster in
07/12/65 transfered to 34th/38th Consolidated
The above is from the R&R. I have not verified the information
Co. G, aged 24, born in England, residence Millville, Clayton County
08/22/62 muster in CompanyG
09/09/62 muster in Regiment
08/01/64 promoted to 5th Corporal
02/01/65 promoted to 4th Corporal
07/15/65 muster out Baton Rouge
The above is from the R&R. I have not verified the information.
Darwin Whipple was born on December 20, 1824, in Croydon, New Hampshire. About fifty miles to the north, Eliza H. Sargent was born on June 26, 1826, in Corinth, Vermont. On March 6, 1845, twenty-year-old Darwin and eighteen-year-old Eliza were married in Newport, New Hampshire. Their first three children were born in Croydon: Joseph Nettleton Whipple on June 26, 1847, Cordelia K. Whipple on October 26, 1848, and James Danforth Whipple on October 28, 1850.
In 1854 or 1855 (records differ), the family of five moved to Clayton County where Darwin worked as a farmer and two more children were born. Olive Electra Whipple was born on January 30, 1858, and on June 3, 1861, Edgar J. Whipple was born into a troubled country. Only fifty days earlier, Confederate cannon had fired on Fort Sumter and with a voice that shook the land, the guns of Sumter spoke.
As the war progressed through a second year, President Lincoln called for more volunteers and, despite an imminent fall harvest, the volunteers came. Charles Heath, a Strawberry Point dentist, was an active recruiter in the county and, on August 11, 1862, he enrolled at least fifteen men including thirty-seven-year-old Darwin Whipple who enlisted at Cox Creek. Darwin was described as being 5' 10¼ tall with grey eyes, brown hair and a dark complexion. He and Eliza were possibly unaware that Eliza was pregnant with their sixth child.
At Dubuques Camp Franklin on August 18, 1862, they were mustered in as Company B and, on September 9th, ten companies were mustered in as the 21st Regiment of Iowas Volunteer Infantry. On September 16th, they left for war. Crowded on board the sidewheel steamer Henry Clay and two barges lashed alongside, they started down the Mississippi, changed to the Hawkeye State after encountering low water at Montrose, and arrived in St. Louis on the 20th. The next night, about midnight, they boarded cars of the Southwest Branch of the Pacific Railroad and on the 22nd reached the railhead at Rolla.
Darwin was present during their month in Rolla and was again marked present on the October 31st Company Muster Roll dated at Salem. Two months later, still in Missouri, he was with the regiment in Houston but detailed as a pioneer, a laborious duty often involving construction of roads, bridges, levees and other structures, work many thought was unworthy of soldiers. He continued with the regiment as they walked south to West Plains and, from there, northeast to Thomasville, Ironton, Iron Mountain and, on March 11, 1863, into the old French town of Ste. Genevieve. On April 1, 1863, Darwin was promoted from Private to 8th Corporal as the regiment boarded the Ocean Wave and went downstream. They debarked at Millikens Bend where General Grant was organizing a large army with the intent of capturing the Confederate stronghold at Vicksburg.
On April 9th, Eliza gave birth to their sixth child, a boy named Darwin Whipple in honor of his absent father. On the 10th, at Millikens Bend, a special muster was taken and Darwin was present. He was sick in quarters but, on the 12th, was well enough to continue with the regiment as it started a march south along roads, over bayous and through swamps of northwestern Louisiana.
On April 30th, they crossed to the Bruinsburg landing on the east bank and, on May 1, 1863, engaged in the Battle of Port Gibson. On May 16th they were present but held out of action at the Battle of Champions Hill and on the 17th they and the 23rd Iowa led a successful assault on Confederates entrenched along the Big Black River. Several days later, they joined other regiments encircling the rear of Vicksburg and, on May 22d, participated in an all-out, but unsuccessful, assault on the enemy lines. A soldiers Descriptive Book usually, but not always, indicates actions in which the soldier participated, but Darwins book mentions no such actions.
During the ensuing siege of Vicksburg, 4th Corporal William Perkins died of disease on June 14th, 5th Corporal Abe Treadwell was promoted to take his place, 6th Corporal John Farrand was promoted to take Treadwells place, 7th Corporal James Adams was promoted to take Farrands place, and 8th Corporal Darwin Whipple was promoted to take Adams place - but Darwin was not well.
On the June 30th Company Muster Roll, Darwin was marked Absent sick in Hospital. On August 3, 1863, he was a patient in St. Louis small pox hospital when he died. Due to the infectious nature of the disease, all of his personal effects were burned and he was likely buried in the cemetery on Quarantine Island, also known as Arsenal Island. In April, 1876, the island was flooded, wooden markers were destroyed, and the remains of those who could be located were reburied in the national cemetery at Jefferson Barracks. His name appears with that of his wife on a monument in Elkader Cemetery but, for Darwin, its likely a cenotaph erected when Eliza died.
Eliza was thirty-seven years old and the mother of six children, aged sixteen to four months, when Darwin died. To secure a badly needed pension, Eliza had to prove she had married Darwin and that they were still married when he died. The town of Croydon found no record of the marriage but, on September 4, 1863, the clerk of Sullivan County issued a certificate confirming the marriage. A month later, still living in Clayton County, Eliza signed an application for a widows pension. Witnesses signed affidavits and the claim was submitted. With the pension office inundated by applications, it was the following March before the government verified Darwins service and not until July 17, 1865, almost two years after Darwins death, that Eliza was finally admitted to the pension rolls at a rate of $8.00 per month retroactive to the date of his death.
Pensions were also paid for a soldiers children until their 16th birthdays. On September 5, 1866, with the countys well known attorney, Realto Price, as her representative, Eliza applied on behalf of her four youngest children. Supporting her application were Mary Sargent who had assisted with the births of James and Olive and Relief Robbins who had assisted with the births of Olive, Edgar and Darwin and both of whom had helped Eliza when she was confined. The pensions were approved at $2.00 per month for each of the four children, but Elizas pension was terminated when she married a widower, Lester Wallace, on May 21, 1868, in Boardman Township.
On July 1, 1866, Cordelia married William Scovel. On March 31, 1872, James married Sada Smith. On February 23, 1873, Joseph married Alice Smith. On April 13, 1875, Olive married John M. Carpenter. On February 22, 1888, Darwin Whipple married Jennie McKinnis. By then, only twenty-six-year-old Edgar was unmarried.
Eliza died on October 28, 1888. The Elkader Weekly Register reported that she had been keeping house for her son, Ed Whipple, at his Cox Creek creamery near Osborne. Edward [sic] was assisting J. M. Carpenter [his brother-in-law] during the day, and on going home about seven oclock found his mother, dead from heart disease. She was buried in Elkader Cemetery with a monument erroneously indicating she died in November.
Cordelia died on January 15, 1918, and is buried in Dell Rapids Cemetery, South Dakota. James died on March 16, 1919, and is buried in Edgewood Cemetery. Joseph died on December 11, 1927, and is buried in Mount Hope Cemetery, Chicago. Olive died on August 24, 1929, and is buried in Strawberry Point Cemetery. Edgar died on June 21, 1943, and is buried in Chester Hill Cemetery.
Only the locations of the graves of Darwin Whipple, both father and son, are unknown although Darwin (Sr.) may be among those buried in the National Cemetery at Jefferson Barracks. Darwin (Jr.) and his family were living in Lincoln Township, Linn County, Kansas, as late as 1930. His two sons, Garland Garl Whipple and Reade Darwin Whipple, are buried in the countys Oaklawn Cemetery in La Cygne, but neither Darwin nor his wife was found.
White, John M.
Co. D, age 18, residence Volga City, Clayton County
08/22/62 muster in Company D
09/09/62 muster in Regiment
05/10/65 muster out Prairie du Chien, WI
The above is from the R&R. I have not verified the information.
Co. G., age 22, born in Germany, residence Clayton County
08/22/62 muster in Company G
09/09/62 muster in Regiment
05/17/63 wounded at Vicksburg (note: needs verification, the regiment was not in Vicksburg on that date - was he?)
08/19/63 transfered to Invalid Corps
07/05/65 dischargeed at Indianapolis
The above is from the R&R. I have not verified the information.
Wilson, Charles W.
Charles Wilson was born in Massachusetts. His father, Jubel M. Wilson, died when Charles was four years old and, on November 27, 1847, his mother, Eusebia (nee Puffer) Wilson, married Orlin Warn. In 1862 they were living in Giard with a post office address in Council Hill. On August 15th of that year, Charles was enrolled as a private by McGregor postmaster Willard Benton for three years or the end of the war. Charles was described as having blue eyes, brown hair and a light complexion and being 5 feet 7½ inches tall.
On August 22, 1862, he was mustered into Benton's Company G of the 21st Regiment of Iowa Volunteer Infantry, a regiment being organized in the state's northeastern counties, its 3rd Congressional District. On September 9, 1862, with ten companies of sufficient strength, they were mustered in as a regiment with a total complement, officers and enlisted, of 985 men, 87 of whom were in Company G.
Earlier in the war, the law provided for a $100.00 federal bounty to be paid when soldiers completed their enlistments, but, with enlistments lagging, Congress agreed, at Secretary of State Seward's request, that $25.00 could be paid in advance, the balance on discharge. A $2.00 premium would be paid to anyone who secured a recruit or to the recruit himself if he appeared in person. When mustered in, Privates were paid the $25.00, the $2.00 premium and a $13.00 advance on their monthly pay, most of which they left with their dependents.
Like Charles, most of the enlisted men in Iowa regiments were farmers with no prior military experience. Minimal training was received at Camp Franklin (previously known as Camp Union) located "on a sandy plateau on the bank of the Mississippi" just south of Eagle Point on the north side of Dubuque. Its buildings, one per company, were each twenty by sixty feet and "arranged to accommodate one hundred men each." The camp, including the drill and parade grounds, was enclosed by a line or path where a sentry walked his beat day and night, allowing no one to pass either in or out without permission. That said, one author said the camp was so near the mens homes, that their fathers, mothers, brothers, sisters, wives, sweethearts, and friends, were too often present to allow either drill or discipline to any great extent.
September 16th was rainy and miserable as the regiment left camp and marched through town, while families, friends and local residents watched. Women sent cakes and cheese and others tossed apples. From the levee at the foot of Jones Street most of the men boarded a densely crowded steamer, the Henry Clay, and two open barges lashed alongside and left for war.
Bimonthly company muster rolls indicated the presence or absence of the soldier as of the last day of the period and Charles was marked ''present" through the end of the year as they performed early service in Missouri with Charles spending part of the time as a cook. On February 8, 1863, they were in West Plains when they started a march to the northeast, walking much of the time in rain and snow. By the end of the month many were suffering from colds, pneumonia, chronic diarrhoea and other ailments.
On February 27, 1863, they were in Iron Mountain when Charles wrote to his parents, enclosed $10.00, and said, "i have a very bad cold." His throat was hoarse, but he bought a bottle of Dr. Wistar's Balsam of Wild Cherry and thought he would soon be well. "[I]t snowed like fury," he said, "& we had to scrape the snow away make our bed right in the mud." They were still in Iron Mountain on March 8th when he wrote again. "I sit down here in my lonely tent to write a few lines to you to let you know how I am well I am not very well I have a Very bad cold but still i guess I shall be better in a few days." He closed;
"From Charley to All that take pains to enquire after him
Three days later they reached the old French town of Ste. Genevieve on the Mississippi River where they waited for further orders. Charles' company and two others left on board the Ocean Wave on April 1st. After traveling about twenty miles downstream, they tied up for the night. On the 2nd, they left at daybreak, reached Cairo about 2:00pm, and stopped for two or three hours. While there, Charles was admitted to Cairo's general hospital.
His health did not improve and, on April 10, 1863, the hospital Chaplain wrote to Eusebia to let her know that Charles was "sinking." That same night, about midnight, Charles died. The next day the Chaplain wrote again and let Eusebia know that her only child had died, "as far as I can judge in peace with God through Jesus Christ, so he expressed himself to me so you will not mourn as one without hope. I conducted his funeral service to day." Charles' Final Statement, his Descriptive Book and other military records confirmed that his death was caused by "typhoid pneumonia." He is buried in the Mound City National Cemetery, Mound City, Illinois, where a military stone reads:
C. W. Wilson
Life was difficult for Eusebia and Orlin. Orlins health was bad and, in a labor intensive economy, he had been unable to do more than one-third or one-half of the work of an able-bodied man for many years. Some said Orlin could now do no work. He hired others to assist him but, after paying them, sometimes had only $100 a year for other expenses. Eusebia found work outside their home, but was able to generate only minimal additional income. In September 1865 her brother, Thomas, visited from Massachusetts, moved in with them, and helped as much as possible but, in April 1867, he returned home while Eusebia and Orlin moved to Monona.
With Orlin's health not improving, Eusebia applied for a pension in 1881. To prove her entitlement as a dependent mother, she secured affidavits from friends, her husband and her brother. Several attested to her credibility. She was, said one, a "credible and highly worthy person of good morals and entitled to credit for integrity under all circumstances." Doctors attested to Orlin's poor health and his inability to provide sufficient income for him and his wife. Men who had worked with Orlin said he was unable to do a full day's work and was often bedridden for several days at a time.
Eusebia's original application was deemed abandoned by the Pension Office after she or her attorney apparently failed to submit necessary documentation. She applied again in 1883, hired attorney George Lemon to assist her, and submitted eighteen supportive affidavits. Lemon, a Civil War veteran from New York, was well known and possibly the most effective and reputable of the pension attorneys based in Washington, D.C. This time Eusebias application was granted and on January 27, 1886, a certificate was mailed entitling her to $8.00 per month retroactive to January 17, 1883 when the second application was filed. Orlin died in 1887 and was buried in Monona Cemetery. Eusebia's pension was paid to July 4, 1891 and, on June 30, 1893 she was dropped from the pension rolls.
Wiltse, George Washington
Co. D, 21st Regiment, Iowa Volunteer Infantry
Born 02/17/1845 Clayton County, Iowa
Enlisted 08/15/1862 Elkader, Iowa
Mustered Out 07/15/1864 Baton Rouge, Louisiana
Died 07/15/1930 Montezuma, Iowa
The son of Leonard and Jane (Smith) Wiltse, George Washington Wiltse, was born in Clayton County on February 17, 1845. During the Civil War, infantry regiments were to consist of approximately 1,000 men, each taking an oath of loyalty to the United States. No man under the rank of commissioned officer was to be younger than eighteen nor older than forty-five although age requirements were not always honored and some men stretched to permit (or prevent) their enlistment. Later in the war, requirements were often eased with minors openly accepted on the signature of a parent who would "freely give my consent to his volunteering as a soldier.
When George enlisted at Elkader on August 15, 1862 he was only seventeen, but he may have made a patriotic fib since his age was listed as eighteen on his Company Muster-in-Roll, in his Descriptive Book, in the Adjutant Generals Report (1863), and in the states Roster and Record of Iowa Soldiers (1910). When the company was mustered in a week later at Dubuque, he was described as being 5' 7¾ tall with blue eyes, dark hair, and a dark complexion.
He was ill and treated in the post hospital at Millikens Bend, Louisiana in April 1863 and in the division hospital in June of the 1863, but the hospitalizations were short, he maintained his health better than most, and he was present and able for duty during most of his service.
On May 22, 1863, General Grant ordered an assault on Confederate lines at Vicksburg. During the assault, the regiment had twenty-three killed in action, another twelve mortally wounded, and forty-eight non-fatally wounded. George was among the wounded but, fortunately, it was relative minor. After Vicksburg capitulated on July 4, 1863, George was marked present on all bi-monthly muster rolls for the balance of his service. During that time he saw service in Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas, Arkansas, and Alabama. The regiment was mustered out of service on July 15, 1865 at Baton Rouge, and, like many others, George elected to pay the government $6.00 so he could retain his musket and accouterments.
Leaving about 7:00am on the 16th, they started up-river past memories of three years of combat, scenes of battle and graves of friends. They reached Cairo, Illinois, about 8:00 a.m. on July 20th debarked and "went to the soldiers rest where a dinner was waiting. They left Cairo by rail that same afternoon and reached Clinton about midnight the next day. On the 24th they were discharged and George, still only twenty years old, returned to his home in Clayton County where he continued his prewar work as a farmer.
Five years later, in July 1870, he married Emily J. Twombly. They reportedly had five children, D. O. Wiltse who died at four years of age, Frank, Lottie born in 1873, Maude, and William who was born on July 20, 1880. In 1877 the family moved to Montezuma and, in 1883 George began working in the dray and coal business.
Emily died on May 5, 1885 and was buried in Montezumas Masonic IOOF (International Order of Odd Fellows) Cemetery. On May 12, 1889, George married Matilda F. Tillie Myers. To them a daughter, Lois Eva Wiltse, was born on November 22, 1893. Well-respected, George was appointed as Montezumas Postmaster in 1903, a position he held for many years.
On July 15, 1930 - sixty-five years to the day from when he was mustered out at Baton Rouge - eighty-five year old George Wiltse died in Montezuma. He was buried in the towns Masonic IOOF Cemetery. His wife died in 1943 and was buried with him.
Withrow, James Paul
James Paul Withrow, son of Daniel C. and Sarah DeVore Withrow, was born on December 10, 1839, in Uniontown, Pennsylvania. The family moved to McGregor in about 1842 and settled on the Gass farm in Mendon Township. A year later, they moved to a new home in Section 7. The 1860 census for Mendon Township listed Daniel C. (a 52-year old farmer) and Sarah (age 45) Withrow. They reportedly had nine children, but only five were listed in the census. Not listed were Isabella (born March 27, 1832), William S. (born June 22, 1834) and possibly living in Ohio at the time of the census, and Fannie J. (born in 1837). The five who were listed were James Paul (born December 11, 1839), Samuel (born April 18, 1842), John McCoy (born in 1847) and Hellen V. aka Ellen (born in 1850), all in Pennsylvania, and Daniel M. (born in Iowa in 1852). The identity of the ninth child has not been determined.
During the Civil War, William served with the 1st Ohio Infantry while James and Samuel enlisted together on August 14, 1862, in an infantry company being raised in Iowas northeastern counties. Twenty-two-year old James was enrolled as a 4th Corporal by McGregor postmaster Willard Benton. On August 22nd, in Dubuque, they were mustered into service as Company G with a total of eighty-six men, including company officers. When ten companies were of sufficient strength, they were mustered in as the 21st Regiment, Iowa Volunteer Infantry. Like other volunteers, James was paid $25.00 of the $100.00 bounty (the balance being due on completion of his service) and a $2.00 premium. In lieu of the latter day dog tags, Civil War soldiers had a written Descriptive List. James was described as being a 5' 8¾ farmer with brown eyes, dark hair and a dark complexion.
On a rainy September 16th, 1862, after brief, and relatively ineffective, training at Camp Franklin, those able to travel boarded the tightly packed Henry Clay and two barges tied alongside and left for war.
James initial service went well and Company Muster Rolls showed he was present through June 30, 1863. After one night at Benton Barracks in St. Louis, they saw several months of service in the Ozarks of southern Missouri - Rolla, Salem, Houston, Hartville and back to Houston. The Descriptive List indicates that James was one of the volunteers from Company G who participated in a one-day battle at Hartville on January 11, 1863, when three men were killed in action, another was fatally wounded, and thirteen had non-fatal wounds.
From Houston they went south to West Plains and then walked to the northeast. On February 24, 1863, at Ironton, James was promoted to 1st Corporal. From Ironton they went to Ste. Genevieve and then, by river steamers, to Millikens Bend where General Grant was organizing a massive army intent on capturing the Confederate stronghold at Vicksburg.
During the Vicksburg Campaign, James participated in the May 1, 1863, Battle of Port Gibson and was present at the May 16, 1863 Battle of Champions Hill when his regiment was held in reserve and forced to wait as men in other regiments died. For this they were highly critical of their Corps leader, John McClernand. The next day, James participated in the May 17, 1863, assault at the Big Black River Bridge during which the regiment had seven killed in action, eighteen mortally wounded, and another thirty-eight who were wounded less seriously. After treating their wounded, the regiment moved on to Vicksburg where James was with the regiment as it participated in the May 22, 1863 assault on Confederate lines and had another twenty-three men killed in action, twelve wounded fatally, and forty-eight who had non-fatal wounds.
After the siege of Vicksburg and the subsequent siege of Jackson, Mississippi, James became ill and was transported north on a hospital boat. On August 21, 1863 he was admitted to a general hospital in Keokuk where he was treated for several months before rejoining his regiment at New Orleans on June 18, 1864.
On August 1, 1864, while the regiment was at Morganza Bend, James was promoted to 5th Sergeant. He then continued with the regiment during its activities in Arkansas and Tennessee, but there his career took a turn. From Memphis, the regiment was ordered to try to intercept Confederate General Hood on his southern withdrawal from Nashville. It performed as ordered, but Hood was able to make his escape. While the exhausted northern soldiers were returning to Memphis through water, mud and slush, they camped at Whites Station and there, on December 29, 1864, James Withrow was reduced to the ranks for using unbecoming language to his commanding officer, Lieutenant Colonel Salue G. Van Anda.
Subsequently, James participated in actions that led to the occupation of Mobile, Alabama, and in the regiments final activities in Louisiana before being mustered out with the rest of the regiment at Baton Rouge on July 15, 1865. Like many others, James purchased his musket and accouterments from the government for $6.00 and then went north by river transport and rail, was discharged at Clinton on July 24th, and returned to the family homestead.
On September 16, 1872, veterans of the regiment convened in Dubuque on the tenth anniversary of the day they had left for war. James Withrow was still living in McGregor and was one of seventy-four men who attended the two-day reunion.
After the death of his father in 1876 and mother in 1890, and their burial in McGregors Pleasant Grove Cemetery, James continued to work the family farm before moving to Oronco, Minnesota. While there, on April 19, 1896, at age fifty-six, he married thirty-eight-year-old Ada Schramm in Milwaukee. It was a first marriage for each of them. James and Ada later moved to Pasadena, California. They were living at 61 North Parkwood, Pasadena, when James died on November 16, 1921, at eighty-one years of age. He was buried in Mountain View Cemetery, Altadena, California and, the following April, Ada applied for a widows pension.
To obtain a pension, Ada had to convince the federal Pension Office, that she and James had been married, that if previously married they had been divorced from their prior spouses or their spouses had died, that she and James were living as husband and wife at the time of his death, and that she had not remarried. Unlike most veterans, James had never applied for a pension, so the Pension Office had no record of his marriage. Ada secured affidavits from two Pasadena residents who attested to the marriage and said neither James nor Ada had been married previously but, at ages forty-two and fifty-three, the Pension Office said they were too young to know if either James or Ada had been married to other spouses prior to their 1896 marriage. Ada then contacted two McGregor residents, seventy-nine-year-old Eugenia Davies and eighty-year-old Lawrence Jennings, both of whom signed affidavits swearing that neither James nor Ada had been married prior to their marriage to each other. On June 15, 1923, Ada was granted a $30.00 monthly pension, an amount later increased to $40.00. Ada died on August 6, 1937 at age seventy-nine. She was buried next to her husband in Mountain View Cemetery.
Withrow, Samuel T.
Samuel T. Withrow, born April 18, 1842, in Uniontown, Pennsylvania, was the son of Daniel C. and Sarah (Devore) Withrow. The family, including Samuel and his brothers and sisters, moved to Iowa in 1852 and settled on the Gass farm in Mendon township. The following year they moved out on the ridge to what would be the familys longtime homestead consisting of 440 acres in Section 7. (see James Withrow bio above for the 1860 census data on this family)
During the Civil War, William served with the 1st Ohio Infantry while James and Samuel enlisted together on August 14, 1862, in an infantry company being raised in Iowas northeastern counties. On August 22nd it was mustered into service as Company G with eighty-six men, including McGregor postmaster, Willard Benton, as Captain. Like other volunteers, twenty-year-old Samuel was paid $25.00 of the $100.00 federal enlistment bounty (the balance due on completion of his service) and a $2.00 premium. He was described in the Company Descriptive Book as being a 5'11" farmer with brown eyes, dark hair and a dark complexion.
When all ten companies were organized and of sufficient strength, they were mustered in on September 9, 1862, as the 21st Regiment of Iowas volunteer infantry. On September 16th, they left Dubuque and, on a very hot September 20th, arrived by steamer at St. Louis. There, heavily encumbered by knapsacks, haversacks, clothes, blankets, heavy muskets, canteens and personal accouterments, much unnecessary and later discarded, they stood on the levee for an hour. Then, according to Benton, Lt. Col. Dunlap: marched the men to Benton Barracks at an unreasonable speed and Samuel T. Withrow & several other men were overheat and gave out. . . . I halted the company contrary to orders & my company got to barracks a good while after the balance of the regiment got there.
A healthy young man before the march, Sam Withrow was exhausted, but continued on duty and was with the regiment when it moved by rail to Rolla and then marched south He was present on the October 31st muster roll at Salem, but was left behind when the regiment moved to Houston. He caught up and was with the regiment during subsequent service in Houston, West Plains and Ironton but, on February 28th, at Iron Mountain, he was sick in quarters. He then continued with the regiment when it moved to Ste. Genevieve and then by steamer down the Mississippi where General Grant was organizing a massive army to capture the Confederate stronghold at Vicksburg.
The upcoming march south through swamps and bayous west of the Mississippi would be difficult and many would be left behind, sent to hospitals, or granted leave to go north. Samuel was granted a thirty-day furlough on April 12th so he could go home to recuperate. He returned to McGregor, over-stayed his furlough, and consulted a military surgeon in Prairie du Chien. On June 27th, Dr. Darius Mason wrote that, in his opinion, Samuel was suffering from the effects of recent pneumonia and it would be at least another thirty days before he would be ready for duty. Samuel was admitted to an army hospital in Davenport where, on August 10, 1863, John Adler, a U. S. Army Surgeon, found him incapable of performing the duties of a soldier because of valvular disease of the heart. The post commandant agreed that Samuel was too incapacitated even for transfer into the Invalid Corps and, on August 11, 1863, Samuel was discharged.
His brother, John, died the following year, his sister Fannie died in 1871 and his sister Hellen in 1874. Samuels parents also died, his father in 1876 and his mother in 1890. All were buried McGregors Pleasant Grove Cemetery.
Meanwhile, on October 16, 1870, twenty-eight-year-old Samuel married twenty-year-old Alpina Kent in West Union. Their children would include Sarah born August 17, 1871, Reuben born October 9, 1881, Fredrick born July 26, 1883, Frances born August 14, 1886, and Nellie born January 9, 1889. By then the family had moved to Dexter, Minnesota. With Ormanzo Allen, an Austin physician as his attorney, Samuel applied for a federal invalid pension on May 6, 1886, claiming that, during the march to Benton Barracks, he received a sun stroke and also had a bleeding or hemorheage of the lungs and had also a disease of the heart. On September 29th, in Austin, he was examined by a board of pension surgeons.
He was originally pensioned at $6.00 per month from May 11, 1886 (when his application was filed) for heart disease. The certificate evidencing the pension was, inexplicably, later reissued at $10.00 from May 11, 1886. In November 1886, he secured affidavits from Willard Benton and Maple Moody with whom he had served and from seven others who knew him and could testify regarding his health before and after the military. On July 11, 1888, he applied for an increase and named George M. Van Leuven, Jr., of Lime Springs, Iowa, as his new attorney. During the war Van Leuven had served with the 3rd Iowa Infantry and the 52nd U.S. Colored Infantry.
After serving four and one-half years, he returned to Lime Springs, worked as a dry goods clerk and in the pharmaceutical business before concentrating on work as an agent helping veterans secure pensions, something at which he apparently excelled. He had long been recognized for operating a very successful pension agency. He was credited with being the most successful pension agent in the state with references from a U.S. Senator, members of Congress, attorney Thomas Updegraff of McGregor, and many others. On December 28, 1889, Samuel wrote to the Commissioner and said: I want Mr. Van Leuven to be my Attorney or the Agent as he has done all my work, procured all the testimony without any postage stamps to assist him and I want him to have the legal fee of $25.00 and I trust that you will recognize him as the Attorney of Record in my claim because the first attorney has done nothing for me, never has furnished me with any blank, nor assisted me in securing a single Affidavit.
In addition to testimony in the nine affidavits already filed (and apparently procured by Van Leuven), another fourteen witnesses, including five veterans of the 21st Infantry, signed affidavits, all on printed forms provided by Van Leuven. Samuel also filed his own affidavit indicating he had been unable to secure evidence from any of the regiments commissioned officers or its surgeons as to the origin of his disabilities or from doctors who had treated him after his discharge.
In October, 1892, his latest affidavit was received by the pension office. The following March, Grover Cleveland started his second term as President. In April, he appointed William Lochren as Commissioner of Pensions. In May, George Van Leuven was arrested. It was alleged that he had drafted falsified affidavits that witnesses then copied in their own hand-writing, that he bribed surgeons who conducted medical examinations, and that he engaged in other conduct contrary to pension laws. In 1894 he was convicted and sentenced to prison. Meanwhile, the pension office began an investigation of more than 1,000 cases in which Van Leuven had represented the claimants. Samuel Withrows claim was among them. Samuel retained Charles Nash of St. Paul, Minnesota, as his new attorney while the Pension Office referred his case for special examination with a note that Samuels claim had been: filed by Attorney Van Leuven, and the testimony in support thereof was prepared by him and appears to have been gotten up in accordance with his well known methods.
Special Examiners in Iowa, Minnesota, Arkansas and Nebraska took depositions, twenty-four in all, some from those who had previously submitted affidavits on Samuels behalf and some who had not, and Samuel was required to submit to another medical exam, this one by an entirely new Board of Surgeons in Rochester, Minnesota. Like the doctors before them, they found disease of heart probably due to rheumatism and that the lung trouble complained of no doubt is due to heart disease. Special Examiner Bates said Samuel was regarded as a man of good standing and appeared honest when giving his deposition. The legitimacy of his claim was further shown by the letters written by military doctors before he was discharged.
Ultimately, while some of the affidavits seemed questionable, there was no finding of any wrongdoing by Samuel and, in 1899, his pension was increased to $17.00. The following year, during the December two-week term of a District Court in Iowa, a civil judgment was entered against Samuel for $862.22 plus attorney fees of $45.80. A $200.00 judgment was entered against Alpina.
On October 29, 1902, still receiving his $17.00 monthly pension, Samuel died. He was buried in Oronoco Cemetery, Mower County, Minnesota.
Ten days after her husbands death, Alpina applied for a widows pension. Supported by affidavits from friends and relatives who attested to her marriage of thirty-two years and who confirmed that she and Samuel were still married and living together as husband and wife when he died, her application was approved at $12.00 for her and $2.00 for Nellie who was only thirteen when her father died. On September 6, 1913, Alpina sold a quarter-section of land in Mower County for a reported $8,000. Three years later, on September 12, 1916, Alpina died. She was buried next to Samuel in the Oronoco Cemetery.
Sadly, it was another twenty-five years before Nellie, in going through some old papers, first learned that her father had served in the Civil War.
Woldridge, John A.
Co. D, age 33, born in Kentucky, residence Clayton County
02/25/64 enlisted as Recruit
02/25/64 muster in
07/12/65 transfered to 34th/38th Consolidated
The above is from the R&R. I have not verified the information
Wood, William O.
The son of William and Nellie Rebecca (Talcott) Wood, William Orval (sometimes shown as Orvil) Wood was born on December 10, 1829 (elsewhere 1830), in Madison Township, Lake County, Ohio. He was about twelve years old when he moved with his parents to Michigan and then, in 1851, to Delaware County, Iowa.
Jane Ann Bay was born in May Township, Lee County, Illinois. Her father, Joseph Bay, had arrived in the area in the 1830s and was credited with being the first settler in the township. Jane said she was born on August 13, 1837. On November 23, 1856, William and Jane were married by Justice of the Peace E. L. Gardner in Strawberry Point. On January 30, 1858, a daughter (Mary Almedia Wood) was born in Fayette County and on June 8, 1861, a son (Ervin Bird Wood) was born in Clayton County.
The children were four and one when William enlisted in the Union army on August 11, 1862, at Strawberry Point. He was described as being 5' 7" tall with blue eyes, auburn hair, and a sandy complexion. Enlisting with him was Brad Talcott, a near neighbor who had also been born in Lake County, Ohio. William and Brad would be tent mates during the war.
They were mustered into Company B on August 18th at Dubuques Camp Franklin and, on September 9th, ten companies were mustered in as the 21st regiment of Iowas volunteer infantry. On board the paddlewheel steamer Henry Clay and two barges tied alongside, the regiment left for war on September 16, 1862. After one night in St. Louis, they traveled by rail to Rolla, Missouri. A month later they walked south to Salem and, from there, moved to Houston and then Hartville.
While stationed at Hartville, they were dependent on supplies brought by wagon trains traveling under guard from the railhead in Rolla, through Salem and Houston, to Hartville. On November 22, Chaplain Sloan wrote to his McGregor Sunday School class that he thought they were going to Rolla as soon as the train returns and Colonel Merrill advised Adjutant General Baker that we move to Houston Mo. Monday (the 24th). On the 23d, Chaplain Sloan wrote that the wagon train had been gone for a week, but we expect them certainly tomorrow.
Despite the expectations of men in the regiment, the wagon train was still fifteen miles from Hartville on the 24th and, that night, the teamsters and guards made camp in Hog Holler along Beaver Creek. About 7:00 p.m. some of the men were cooking, some were resting, some were helping with the horses, others were on picket, and the more fortunate were searching for forage when the camp was attacked. Their attackers, with estimates ranging from 400 to 1,500, were mounted and within forty yards when first noticed as they came down the road with yells & shrieks firing as they came, said Henry Dyer, and quickly overwhelmed the Federals. In the 21st Infantry, George Chapman was killed instantly, two more were fatally wounded, at least three suffered less serious wounds, and thirteen were captured. Among the captured was William Wood. The prisoners were stripped of their clothes and, said Gilbert Cooley, forced to take the oath not to take up arms until regularly exchanged or be shot on the spot. They were drawn up in a line & allowed to take their choice of course they took the oath and were then paroled.
William remained with the regiment through its remaining service in Missouri - Houston, West Plains, Ironton, Iron Mountain and Ste. Genevieve - and he was with it when they went down the Mississippi to Millikens Bend where General Grant organized a large, three-corps, army intent on capturing Vicksburg, a city that President Lincoln said was the keyto winning the war. During the Vicksburg Campaign, William Wood participated in the May 1, 1863, Battle of Port Gibson, was present when the regiment was held in reserve during the May 16th Battle of Champions Hill, participated in the May 17th assault at the Big Black River when their Colonel was severely wounded, participated in a May 22nd assault at Vicksburg when their Lieutenant Colonel was killed, and participated in the ensuing siege. William suffered no injuries during the campaign, but the regiment had 31 men killed in action, 34 with fatal wounds, at least 102 with non-fatal wounds (some serious enough to cause their discharge), and eight men captured.
After an expedition to and siege of Jackson, the regiment spent time in southwestern Louisiana and then moved to the Gulf Coast of Texas for eight months before engaging in light activities in Louisiana, Arkansas and Tennessee. Its final campaign was in the spring of 1865 when it served under General Canby, was transported to Dauphin Island at the entrance to Mobile Bay, moved up the east coast of the bay with young Arnold Allen as the only fatality, and occupied the city of Mobile.
They were mustered out at Baton Rouge on July 15th, discharged at Clinton on July 24th, and free to return to their homes, wives and, in many instances, children who would not recognize their fathers. William later recalled that, carrying the 1862 Springfield musket he had purchased from the government, he walked down a dirt road and past several young girls who asked, Are you my daddy?
By April 1866, William and his family were living in Dow City in Crawford County. That was the same year the main line of the Northwestern Railroad was expanding westward to Denison, Arion and Dow City. They lived initially in the section house where they boarded railroad workers and Jane cooked meals for the workers until the family moved onto a farm.
Four more children were born in Crawford County - Effie Jane Wood (September 27, 1869), Nellie Rebecca Wood (June 7, 1873), Florence Elvira Wood (June 27, 1877) and Anna Pearl Wood (December 11, 1880). Two other children died young.
In 1887, although living in Dow City, William joined the John A. Logan Post, Post 58, of the Grand Army of the Republic in Denison. Two years later, on August 13, 1889, the Bud Smith Post, Post 464, was chartered in Dow City with William as one of its twenty-one charter members.
The following year, at sixty years of age, he applied for an invalid pension. Laws in effect at the time required that he convince the government that he was suffering from a war-related wound, injury or illness. William said that he, like many others, had contracted camp diarrhoea while in Missouri, that led to other problems, and his vision was deteriorating due to actions in Mississippi and Louisiana. Supportive affidavi ts were signed by three of his former comrades (Christian Maxson, Brad Talcott and William Appleton), by friends who now lived near him, and by his family doctor. Initially, his claim was rejected but, on May 10, 1892, a certificate was issued at $8.00 monthly for disease of the eyes and digestive organs.
William and Jane lived on their farm about five miles south of town for many years but, about 1890, bought a hotel in Dow City and moved into town. They and their daughters ran the hotel until 1895 when the building was destroyed by fire, something that was a shock to his nerves and general health. The hotel was next to a newspaper business and some thought a disgruntled employee had set fire to newspapers. Williams insurance carrier denied coverage and William never recovered from the financial loss.
He died on March 24, 1900. Funeral services were held at the Methodist church two days later and William was buried in Dow City Cemetery with the G.A.R. conducting graveside services. Obituaries remembered him as one of the old settlers of the township and an honest, upright old man, of kindly nature.
The following month, Jane applied for a widows pension. To sustain her claim, she had to prove that she and William had married, they were still married and living as husband and wife when he died, and she had not remarried. She secured a certified copy of the record of their marriage and affidavits from friends who were present at the wedding and from others who could attest to their subsequent life as husband and wife. The only property I own, she said, is an undivided interest as the widow of William O. Wood in a store building situated in Dow City. It was worth about $1,000, but her interest, if the building were sold, would only be one third. I am allowed the income from the property by the other heirs, my children, on condition that I keep up repairs insurance etc. She was doing her best but, after paying expenses, had only a $57.45 balance for my own living and rent. She was approved for a pension of $8.00 monthly, an amount subsequently increased.
Jane died on March 8, 1926, in Omaha, Nebraska, at age eighty-seven. She was buried with William in Dow City. On obituary said she had first arrived in Dow City in a covered wagon and had been a member of the United Brethren Church, the Rebekah Lodge, and the Womens Christian Temperance Union.
Wright, Richard 'Dick'
Richard Wright was born in Malone, New York. A 1900 federal census said he was born in April 1837, but other records said he was born in 1834, 1835, 1836 or 1838. From New York he moved to Wisconsin and, from there, to Clayton County where an extensive system of stage lines had been developed by 1853. With more and more settlements being established, the demand for better mail delivery and more stage lines grew and Richard found ready work as a stagecoach driver.
He was working in that capacity when, on August 11, 1862, he was enrolled at McGregor by William Crooke as a Private for a company the being raised in the states northeastern counties. On August 16th they were ordered into quarters at Camp Franklin in Dubuque and, on the 18th were mustered in as Company B.
Infantry regiments had ten companies and, when all were of sufficient strength, they were mustered in as the states 21st regiment of volunteer infantry by Captain George S. Pierce, U.S. Mustering Officer. A big man, possibly the tallest in the regiment at 6 '4½", Richard was described as having a dark complexion, blue eyes and black hair. Like others in the regiment, he was paid $25.00 of the $100.00 federal enlistment bounty, plus a $2.00 premium. The balance of the bounty would be paid if honorably discharged.
They left for war on September 16th, spent one night in St. Louis and then traveled by train to the railhead in Rolla. On arrival on September 22nd, in possible recognition of his experience with horses, Richard was assigned to duty as a Company teamster. He continued in that role through the end of the year even though he became ill and, for a while in February, was sick in quarters.
On March 2, 1863, they were in Iron Mountain, Missouri, when Jim Bethard, also a private in Company B, wrote to his wife, Caroline: Dick Wright's wife has not been with us since we left Dubuque she is living in Wisconsin with some of her friends Dick is still with us as full of the old harry as ever."
From Iron Mountain they walked to the old French town of Ste. Genevieve on the Mississippi River. There, on April 1, 1863, they boarded the Ocean Wave and were transported downstream to Millikens Bend where General Grant was organizing a large three-corps army for the purpose of occupying the Confederate stronghold at Vicksburg. In a corps led by General John McClernand, the regiment started south, with soldiers frequently having to make their way through bayous and swamps. Along the way, Richard Wright, Jim Bethard and many others became ill and were left behind as their regiment moved on. Richard was left at Joshua James Ione plantation, but was later moved to Judge Perkins Somerset and, from there, to the U. S. Army General Hospital at Jefferson Barracks in St. Louis.
Vicksburg surrendered to federal forces on July 4, 1863, and, in early September, Richard rejoined the regiment while it was stationed along Bayou Boeuf in Louisiana. On the 27th, Jim told Caroline, Dick Wright is here with us as full of the old Harry as ever.
For the next year Richard maintained his health and spent ten more months working as a regimental teamster during its service in Louisiana, Texas and Arkansas. He had a bout of dysentery in early December but was still, said Jim, as full of fun as ever. Continuing with the regiment, he participated in the Mobile Campaign in the spring of 1865. When the Confederates abandoned Mobile, the regiment moved in and camped nearby at Spring Hill. They returned to Louisiana and were mustered out on July 15, 1865 at Baton Rouge.
After the war, Richard moved to the Dakota Territory where, in 1874, gold was discovered on the Sioux Reservation and this led to a heavy influx of white settlers. Richard was continuing his pre-war work as a stagecoach driver and, for a while, he worked the line between Pierre and Deadwood. The line was supplied by stations at distances from fourteen to sixteen miles apart with no inhabitants along the line and only the drivers, a cook and sometimes one or two others at each station.
This was an interesting and dangerous time in the territory. In 1877 the Sioux relinquished their land starting a great "Dakota Boom" that was followed by an Indian uprising in 1880. Meanwhile, Richard continued to drive a stage until, in late February, 1887, he was caught in a blizzard between the Mitchell and Plum Creek stations. John Heckinger, traveling by foot to Deadwood, was at the Plum Creek station when, he said, Richard Wright Drove up to the station and was helped off the stage coach Because he was so badly frozen that he could not help him self. Richards feet were frozen, he was crippled for life, and he was forced to give up his work as a stage driver.
On November 2, 1889 North Dakota as the 39th and South Dakota as the 40th were admitted as the countrys newest states.
Richard lost his military discharge papers and was living in Deadwood when he had John Swift write to the Iowa Adjutant General on March 22, 1890, asking for a certificate of enlistment & c. He enlisted at McGregors Landing, Iowa, was discharged at Clinton Iowa. Nine months later, about 100 miles to the southeast, federal soldiers massacred Indian families at Wounded Knee. An estimated 220 Indians and 31 U.S. Cavalry soldiers died.
On February 6, 1893, on the stationary of Soldiers Home, State of South Dakota, Soldiers Home P.O., Fall River County, the Adjutant wrote to the Iowa Adjutant General, Will you please send to this Home a Certificate of service for Richard Wright Pri. Co B 21st Ia Inft. He is an applicant for ad. to this Home and without original disch. For the last four or five years, Richard had been unable to do any manual labor due to the effects of his frozen feet, rheumatism, kidney problems and a "general breaking up of his constitution" and had been cared for by friends and the public.
Richard was admitted to the Soldiers Home and applied for a pension. He explained how his feet had been frozen, but it was hard to get affidavits from witnesses since the cooks and drivers along the line often only used nicknames and he had no way to find them. Thomas Bentley, a Deadwood resident, did support the claim and said he had known Richard for eighteen years and knew he was now unable to do any work. Also supporting the claim was John Heckinger who had helped Richard get down from the stage many years earlier. John had served in the 68th Indiana during the war and, like Richard, had become a resident of the Soldiers Home. Richard, he said, had no intoxicants when he was frozen it was a Blizard that day, his feet are permantly Cripled and he is suported by So. Dak, a member of the soldiers home.
In response to a government questionnaire, Richard said he was not married. He had married once, in 1857, but said his wife and only child died in Wisconsin in 1858. (Jim Bethard had referred to Richards wife being with them in Dubuque in 1862 and then going to Wisconsin. Its possible Richard meant to say she died in 1868, rather than 1858).
A pension was granted and Richard was receiving $15.00 per month, payable quarterly, when he died on April 10, 1909. He is buried in the State Veterans Home Cemetery in Hot Springs, SD, as is John Heckinger who died in 1897.
~researched and compiled by Carl Ingwalson for Clayton co. IAGenWeb ©Carl Ingwalson & Clayton co. IAGenWeb.
Carl has offered to do look-ups in his extensive records of the 21st Iowa. His email address is on the Look-up Volunteers page.
Return to Clayton co. Military index