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The 1878 History of Benton County, Iowa
page 395
Twelfth Infantry

The Twelfth Regiment was recruited late in the Summer of 1861, and organized at Camp Union, Dubuque, Iowa, and mustered into the service of the United States November 25, 1861, by Capt. Washington, Thirteenth United States Infantry.

The first active service in which the regiment was engaged was at Fort Donelson, where it was assigned to Cook’s Brigade of Smith’s Division, and was engaged in the battles of the 13th, 14th and 15th of February, which resulted in the capture of the Fort and its garrison on the 16th, the enemy surrendering themselves prisoners of war. During most of the time, the boys were exposed to a cold rain and sleet, and, not being permitted to have any fire, suffered very much from cold.

At Shiloh, the Twelfth was brigaded with the Second, Seventh and Fourteenth Iowa regiments, called the Iowa Brigade, commanded by Gen. Tuttle, Second Iowa Infantry, Gen. W. H. Wallace commanding the Division, and were in position near a field beyond Gen. Hurlbut’s headquarters. Here it remained in line of battle from 6 o’clock A. M. until about 4 P. M., during which time the enemy made several bold charges, and was repulsed with great loss in killed and wounded.

The Twelfth and Fourteenth being in support of a battery, and having no orders to fall back, and not having notice that the left had given way, were allowed to be surrounded, and, after several hours desperate fighting, in which three or four regiments contended against the whole rebel force, the Twelfth having its commanding officer, Col. Woods, severely wounded, with sixteen men killed and ninety-seven wounded, with all hopes of retreat or succor cut off, was obliged to surrender at 6 o’clock P. M. Number of men captured from the regiment, about 400.

The men of the Eighth, Twelfth and Fourteenth Iowa Regiments who were not captured, were organized into a regiment called the "Union Brigade," of which regiment the Twelfth formed Companies E and K.

The Union Brigade was engaged and took a very prominent part in the battle of Corinth, October 3rd and 4th, 1862, the Twelfth Iowa losing three killed and twenty-five wounded out of eighty men engaged. After pursuing the enemy as far as Ripley, Miss., the regiment returned to Corinth, where it was engaged in building fortifications, until December 18, 1862, when orders were received from the War Department discontinuing the organization known as the Union Brigade, and ordering the men of the Eighth, Twelfth and Fourteenth Iowa to proceed to Davenport, Iowa, to reorganize their regiments, prisoners having been paroled October 18, 1862, and exchanged November 10, 1862.

The detachment of the Twelfth Iowa arrived at Jackson, Tenn., where it was found that Forrest had destroyed the railroad from Uniontown and was threatening Jackson. The detachment was at once ordered to the defense of the place, and remained four days, when it was ordered to open the railroad to Columbus, Ky., which delayed the detachment until the 4th of January. It arrived at Columbus on that day and was ordered once more to Davenport, where it arrived on the 7th of January, 1863, and from there it was ordered, on the 27th of March, to proceed to St. Louis, Mo., there to rejoin the regiment; and as soon as organized was ordered to report to Gen. Grant in the field, near Vicksburg, Miss., and served during the entire siege, participating in all the principal engagements until the 22nd of June, when it was sent to Black River, to guard the rear form an attack by Johnston. Vicksburg surrendered July 4th.

The Twelfth was engaged in the battle near Tupelo, Miss., on the 13th, 14th and 15th of July, ’64, losing nine men killed, fifty-four wounded and one missing, out of 200 engaged.

In June, 1864, Companies A and F, numbering fifty-five men, under command of Capt. J. R. C. Hunter, and Company A, while stationed at the mouth of White River, Ark., were attacked by 600 rebels of Marmaduke’s command, about daylight on the 22nd of June; but taking refuge behind a slight stockade, they repulsed the enemy, he leaving twenty killed and mortally wounded on the field. The loss of Companies A and F was one killed and four wounded.

The regiment fought bravely in the battle of Nashville, and received special mention by brigade and division commanders for good service.

The regiment marched in pursuit of Hood, with the army, to Clinton, on the Tennessee River, thence by steamer to Eastport, Miss., arriving there on the 7th of January, 1865.

From Eastport, the regiment was ordered to New Orleans, then embarked with the forces under Gen. Canby, on the expedition against Mobile; was in the front line during the siege of Spanish Fort, which was the last service rendered by the regiment.

During its service, the gallant Twelfth was in twenty-three battles, was under fire 112 days, and had ninety-five men killed in battle.

ROSTER OF COMPANY D, TWELFTH INFANTRY

Barr, Thomas, age 22, resident Shellsburg, enlisted Oct 14, 1861, wounded Apr. 6, 1862 Shiloh, TN, mustered out Nov. 30, 1864.

Blackburn, Joseph M., age 23, resident Shellsburg, enlisted Oct. 8, 1861, discharged Jan. 30, 1862, St. Louis, MO.

Blood, Alvaro C., Sergeant, age 20 resident Vinton native NY, enlisted Sep. 20,1861 as Third Sergeant discharged for disability, Dec. 18, 1862 Jefferson Barracks (St. Louis), MO, enlisted Jan. 2, 1864 age 22 as resident of Black Hawk Co. in Co. A, First Cavalry, mustered out Feb. 15, 1866 Austin, TX. See Co. K, First Infantry.

Cowell, James L., Corporal, age 24, resident Shellsburg, enlisted Sep. 24, 1861, promoted Third Corporal Jan. 1, 1863, Second Corporal Aug. 3, 1863, First Corporal Dec. 1, 1863, wounded July 13, 1864, Tupelo, MS, mustered out Nov. 23, 1864, Davenport, IA.

Cowell, Robert C., Corporal, age 18 , resident Shellsburg, enlisted Sep. 25, 1861, wounded Apr. 6, 1862 Shiloh, TN, re-enlisted Jan 5, 1864, promoted Fourth Corporal Mar 20, 1865, Third Corporal June 1, 1865, mustered out Jan. 20, 1866, Memphis, TN.

Coyner, Jasper N., age 20, resident Palo, enlisted Oct. 14, 1861, died Jan. 13, 1862, Pacific Hospital, St. Louis, MO.

Doolittle, W. A., enlisted Sept. 28, 1861, discharged July 9, 1862, disabled.

Dubois, Ferdinand, age 21, resident Shellsburg, enlisted Oct. 8, 1861, missing Apr. 5, 1862, Shiloh, TN, re-enlisted Jan 1, 1864, mustered out Jan. 20, 1866, Memphis, TN

Ellgen, Harman, Jr., age 17, resident Shellsburg, native Germany, enlisted Dec. 29, 1864, mustered out Jan. 20, 1866.

Gilchrist, William B., age 18, resident Shellsburg, enlisted Sep. 23, 1861, discharged Oct. 14, 1862, Keokuk, IA.

Grass, Harman, age 31, resident Shellsburg, native Germany, enlisted Sep. 13, 1861, missing Apr. 5, 1862, Shiloh, TN, re-enlisted Jan. 5, 1864, mustered out Jan. 20, 1866, Memphis, TN.

Haradon, Henry, enlisted Sept. 20, 1861, died Jan. 15, 1862 at St. Louis.

Hilton, Robert W., Second Lieutenant, age 25, resident Shellsburg, enlisted Sep. 20, 1861 as First Sergeant, captured Apr. 6, 1862 Shiloh, TN, promoted Second Lieutenant Apr. 8, 1862, took oath of allegiance to Confederate States, Columbia SC, commission returned & canceled.

Jacques, John L., age 18, resident Shellsburg, enlisted Sep. 20, 1861, died Jan. 12, 1862, St. Louis, MO. Buried National Cemetery, Jefferson Barracks (St. Louis), MO, Sec. 50, grave 102.

Johnson, Robinson L., Corp., age 31, resident Shellsburg, enlisted Oct 8, 1861, missing Apr. 6, 1862, Shiloh, TN, re-enlisted Jan 5, 1864, promoted Sixth Corporal Mar. 20, 1865, Fifth Corporal June 1, 1865, mustered out Jan. 20, 1866, Memphis, TN.

Lambert, John B., age 43, resident Shellsburg, enlisted Sep. 25, 1861, re-enlisted Jan. 5, 1864, mustered out Jan 20, 1866, Memphis, TN.

Larimour, Jeremiah C., age 44, resident Benton Twp., native VA, enlisted Nov 26, 1864, discharged for disability June 7, 1865.

Lee, John S., age 19, resident Shellsburg, enlisted Sep. 23, 1861, died of disease Jan. 12, 1862, St. Louis, MO. Buried National Cemetery, Jefferson Barracks (St. Louis), MO, Sec. 61, grave 132.

Lee, William L., age 18, resident Shellsburg, enlisted Sep. 23, 1861, missing Apr. 6, 1862, Shiloh, TN, re-enlisted Jan. 5, 1864, mustered out Jan 20, 1866, Memphis, TN.

Luther, Daniel, age 23, resident Shellsburg, enlisted Sep. 28, 1861, killed in action Apr. 6, 1862, Shiloh, TN. Buried National Cemetery, Pittsburg Landing, TN, Sec. R G, grave 9.

Luther, John, Corp., age 18, resident Shellsburg, enlisted Sep. 28, 1861, missing Apr. 6, 1862, Shiloh, TN, re-enlisted Jan 5, 1864, promoted Third Corporal Mar. 20, 1865, Second Corporal June 1, 1865, mustered out Jan. 20, 1866, Memphis, TN.

Mather, Uel, age 44, resident Shellsburg, enlisted Sep. 28, 1861, died Jan. 21, 1862, St. Louis, MO. Buried National Cemetery, Jefferson Barracks (St. Louis), MO, Sec. 50, grave 76.

May, John D., age 24, resident Williams, enlisted Sep. 28, 1861, wounded Oct. 4, 1862, Corinth, MS, died of wounds Oct. 19, 1862, Corinth, MS. Buried Union National Cemetery, Corinth, MS, Sec. B, grave 154.

McClain, Robert, age 20, resident Taylors Grove, enlisted Oct 14, 1861, missing Apr. 6, 1862, Shiloh, TN, died May 27, 1862, Chattanooga, TN, Buried National Cemetery, Chattanooga, TN.

McElroy, Matthew H., age 26, resident Benton, native OH, enlisted Nov. 26, 1864, mustered out Nov. 27, 1865, Mobile, AL, re-enlisted Co. B, 46th Infantry giving residence as Tabor IA, mustered out Sep. 23, 1864, Davenport, IA.

Millet, Allen J., age 26, resident Palo, enlisted Sep. 28, 1861, missing Apr. 6, 1862, Shiloh, TN, mustered out Nov. 23, 1864, Davenport, IA.

Minor, David W., age 21, resident Taylor Grove, enlisted Sep. 28, 1861, missing at Shiloh, TN, re-enlisted Dec. 25, 1864, discharged for promotion to Second Lieutenant of Seventy-first United States Colored Troops, Mar. 2, 1864.

Pangborn, Howard, Sergeant, age 22, resident Shellsburg, native WI, enlisted Sep. 24, 1861 as Seventh Corporal, missing Apr. 6, 1862 Shiloh, TN, promoted Fifth Sergeant Jan 1, 1863, Fourth Sergeant Aug. 3, 1863, Third Sergeant Sep. 1, 1863, re-enlisted Jan. 5, 1864, promoted Second Sergeant Mar 20, 1865, mustered out Jan. 20, 1866, Memphis TN.

Scott, Josiah, Corp., age 18, resident Shellsburg, enlisted Sep. 28, 1861, missing Apr. 6, 1862 Shiloh, TN, re-enlisted Jan. 5, 1864, promoted Fifth Corporal, Mar. 20, 1863, promoted Fourth Corporal, Jun. 1, 1865, mustered out Jan. 20, 1866, Memphis, TN.

Tarpening, James M., age 21, resident Shellsburg, enlisted Oct. 8, 1861, missing Apr. 6, 1862, Shiloh, TN, discharged for disability Dec. 2, 1862.

Van Emman, William M., age 18, resident Shellsburg, enlisted Sep. 28, 1861, discharged March 29, 1862, St. Louis, MO.

Webster, William H., age 18, resident Shellsburg, enlisted Oct. 18, 1861, died Jan. 5, 1862, Regimental Hospital, St. Louis, MO. Buried National Cemetery, Jefferson Barracks (St. Louis), MO, Sec. 38, grave 133.


Transcribed, 2006, by Tierney Ratti.



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